Computational Linguistics & Phonetics Computational Linguistics & Phonetics Fachrichtung 4.7 Universität des Saarlandes
Chiara Gambi - Seminars

Chiara Gambi - Seminars


Wintersemester 2013

Thinking ahead while speaking: the role of anticipatory processing in language.

Speakers plan their utterances before beginning articulation. What's more interesting, they sometimes plan more than just the next word or simple phrase. In addition, speakers can control the timing of their utterances (e.g., they can speed up production if confronted with a time-out). This planning temporally precedes articulation of an utterance, but we do not know how much of it is anticipatory. That is, how much do speakers anticipate potential processing problems they might encounter, and how much do they adjust production in anticipation, to minimize these problems? In language comprehension, listeners and readers have been shown to anticipate aspects of the input before they process it. Moreover, interlocutors are able to anticipate, and appropriately complete, one another's sentences in dialogue. One interesting possibility is that the ability to plan ahead when speaking and to anticipate when listening are in fact related. We will discuss a recent theory of this relationship, based on the notion of forward models.

Outline

23/10/13 C. Gambi: anticipation in human cognition (theoretical introduction) - slides

30/10/13 C. Gambi: forward models in language processing - Part 1 - slides

06/10/13 C. Gambi: forward models in language processing - Part 2 - slides

13/11/13 C. Gambi: thinking ahead while speaking - Part 1 (Theories of single word production and sentence planning) - slides

20/11/13 C. Gambi: thinking ahead while speaking - Part 2 (Evidence) - slides

27/11/13 1st student presentation: Aleks Piwowarek on Lesage et al. and Mani & Huettig

04/12/13 C. Gambi: thinking ahead in dialogue - slides

11/12/13 2nd student presentation: Raphael Morschett on Jaeger et al.

18/12/13 3rd student presentation: Max Paulus on turn taking

References

Anticipatory processing in human cognition

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Forward models in language processing

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Thinking ahead while speaking 

Griffin,  Z.  M.  (2003).  A  reversed  word  length  effect  in  coordinating  the  preparation  and  articulation  of  words  in  speaking.  Psychonomic  Bulletin  &  Review,  10(3),  603-­609. AND Meyer,  A.  S.,  Belke,  E.,  Häcker,  C.,  &  Mortensen,  L.  (2007).  Use  of  word  length  information  in   utterance  planning.  Journal  of  Memory  and  Language,  57(2),  210-­231.

Meyer,  A.  S.,  Roelofs,  A.,  &  Levelt,  W.  J.  M.  (2003).  Word  length  effects  in  object  naming:  The  role   of  a  response  criterion.  Journal  of  Memory  and  Language,  48(1),  131-­147.  

Ferreira,  F.,  &  Swets,  B.  (2002).  How  incremental  is  language  production?  Evidence  from  the   production  of  utterances  requiring  the  computation  of  arithmetic  sums.  Journal  of  Memory   and  Language,  46(1),  57-­84.

Konopka,  A.  (2012).  Planning  ahead:  How  recent  experience  with  structures  and  words  changes  the   scope  of  linguistic  planning.  Journal  of  Memory  and  Language,  66(1),  143-­162.  

Jaeger,  T.  F.,  Furth,  K.,  &  Hilliard,  C.  (2012).  Incremental  phonological  encoding  during  unscripted   sentence  production.  Frontiers  in  Psychology,  3,  doi:  10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00481.

Thinking ahead in dialogue

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Howes,  C.,  Healey,  P.,  Purver,  M.,  &  Eshghi,  A.  (2012).  Finishing  each  other's  ...  Responding  to  incomplete  contributions  in  dialogue.  In  N.  Miyake,  D.  Peebles  &  R.  P.  Cooper  (Eds.),   Proceedings  of  the  34th  Annual  Conference  of  the  Cognitive  Science  Society  (pp.  479-­484).   Austin,  TX:  Cognitive  Science  Society.  AND Howes,  C.,  Purver,  M.,  Healey,  P.  G.  T.,  Mills,  G.  J.,  &  Gregoromichelaki,  E.  (2011).  On   incrementality  in  dialogue:  Evidence  from  compound  contributions.  Dialogue  and  Discourse,   2(1),  279-­311.