Chiara Gambi - Seminars
Thinking ahead while speaking: the role of anticipatory processing in language.Speakers plan their utterances before beginning articulation. What's more interesting, they sometimes plan more than just the next word or simple phrase. In addition, speakers can control the timing of their utterances (e.g., they can speed up production if confronted with a time-out). This planning temporally precedes articulation of an utterance, but we do not know how much of it is anticipatory. That is, how much do speakers anticipate potential processing problems they might encounter, and how much do they adjust production in anticipation, to minimize these problems? In language comprehension, listeners and readers have been shown to anticipate aspects of the input before they process it. Moreover, interlocutors are able to anticipate, and appropriately complete, one another's sentences in dialogue. One interesting possibility is that the ability to plan ahead when speaking and to anticipate when listening are in fact related. We will discuss a recent theory of this relationship, based on the notion of forward models.
23/10/13 C. Gambi: anticipation in human cognition (theoretical introduction) - slides
30/10/13 C. Gambi: forward models in language processing - Part 1 - slides
06/10/13 C. Gambi: forward models in language processing - Part 2 - slides
13/11/13 C. Gambi: thinking ahead while speaking - Part 1 (Theories of single word production and sentence planning) - slides
20/11/13 C. Gambi: thinking ahead while speaking - Part 2 (Evidence) - slides
27/11/13 1st student presentation: Aleks Piwowarek on Lesage et al. and Mani & Huettig
04/12/13 C. Gambi: thinking ahead in dialogue - slides
11/12/13 2nd student presentation: Raphael Morschett on Jaeger et al.
18/12/13 3rd student presentation: Max Paulus on turn taking
Anticipatory processing in human cognition
Bar, M. (2007). The proactive brain: Using analogies and associations to generate predictions. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11(7), 280-289. AND Hesslow, G. (2002). Conscious thought as simulation of behaviour and perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 6(6), 242-247.
Clark, A. (2013). Whatever next? Predictive brains, situated agents, and the future of cognitive science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(2), 181-204.
Friston, K. J. (2005). A theory of cortical responses. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 360(1456), 815-836.
Wolpert, D. M. (1997). Computational approaches to motor control. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 1(6), 209-216
Jordan, M. I., & Rumelhart, D. E. (1992). Forward models: Supervised learning with a distal teacher. Cognitive Science, 16(3), 307-354.
Forward models in language processing
Pickering, M. J., & Garrod, S. (2013). An integrated theory of language production and comprehension. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36(4), 329-392. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0140525X12001495
Lesage, E., Morgan, B. E., Olson, A. C., Meyer, A. S., & Miall, R. C. (2012). Cerebellar rTMS disrupts predictive language processing. Current Biology, 22(18), R794-R795. (including supplementary information) AND Mani, N., & Huettig, F. (2012). Prediction during language processing is a piece of cake - but only for skilled producers. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 38(4), 843-847.
Hickok, G. (2012). Computational neuroanatomy of speech production. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 13(2), 135-145.
Tian, X., & Poeppel, D. (2013). The effect of imagination on stimulation: The functional specificity of efference copies in speech processing. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25(7), 1020-1036.
Thinking ahead while speaking
Griffin, Z. M. (2003). A reversed word length effect in coordinating the preparation and articulation of words in speaking. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 10(3), 603-609. AND Meyer, A. S., Belke, E., Häcker, C., & Mortensen, L. (2007). Use of word length information in utterance planning. Journal of Memory and Language, 57(2), 210-231.
Meyer, A. S., Roelofs, A., & Levelt, W. J. M. (2003). Word length effects in object naming: The role of a response criterion. Journal of Memory and Language, 48(1), 131-147.
Ferreira, F., & Swets, B. (2002). How incremental is language production? Evidence from the production of utterances requiring the computation of arithmetic sums. Journal of Memory and Language, 46(1), 57-84.
Konopka, A. (2012). Planning ahead: How recent experience with structures and words changes the scope of linguistic planning. Journal of Memory and Language, 66(1), 143-162.
Jaeger, T. F., Furth, K., & Hilliard, C. (2012). Incremental phonological encoding during unscripted sentence production. Frontiers in Psychology, 3, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00481.
Thinking ahead in dialogue
De Ruiter, J. P., Mitterer, H., & Enfield, N. J. (2006). Projecting the end of a speaker's turn: A cognitive cornerstone of conversation. Language, 82(3), 515-535. AND Magyari, L., & De Ruiter, J. P. (2012). Prediction of turn-ends based on anticipation of upcoming words. Frontiers in Psychology, 3. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00376
Howes, C., Healey, P., Purver, M., & Eshghi, A. (2012). Finishing each other's ... Responding to incomplete contributions in dialogue. In N. Miyake, D. Peebles & R. P. Cooper (Eds.), Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 479-484). Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. AND Howes, C., Purver, M., Healey, P. G. T., Mills, G. J., & Gregoromichelaki, E. (2011). On incrementality in dialogue: Evidence from compound contributions. Dialogue and Discourse, 2(1), 279-311.