Chiara Gambi - Seminars
Turn-taking in dialogue: a psycholinguistic perspective.How do people manage turn-taking (i.e., who speaks when) while having conversations? This question has been tackled in several disciplines (from sociology to lingusitics) and is relevant for the improvement of human-computer interaction through dialogue systems. Corpus studies have examined the distribution of pauses and overlaps between interlocutors' turns in a number of languages, and there has been some work examining features that co-occur with turn-ends. However, it is still largely unclear how interlocutors implement turn-taking: what kind of cognitive mechanisms are involved?; are the processes involved best described at the level of social and cultural conventions, or at the level of automatic alignment and convergence?; are the same processes involved in face-to-face as in telephone conversations? The semianr will provide an overview of the literature and argue that a psycholinguistic perspective on these issues is necessary. Turn-taking should be the subject of rigorous experimental studies, just as other dialogue phenomena (e.g. lexical alignment). Assessment will consist of a 45 minute-long presentation to be delivered in class. Participation in the discussion following other students' presentations will also form integral part of the evaluation.
23/04/14 C. Gambi: Overview - slides
30/04/14 C. Gambi: Multimodality - slides
07/05/14 C. Gambi: Prosody - slides; please email me if you would like to have a ppt version (with audio samples)
14/05/14 C. Gambi: Open issues - slides
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Hjalmarsson, A. (2011). The additive effect of turn-taking cues in human and synthetic voice. Speech Communication, 53(1), 23-35.
Bavelas, J. B., Coates, L., & Johnson, T. (2002). Listener responses as a collaborative process: The role of gaze. Journal of Communication, 52(3), 566-580.
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Kurtic, E., Brown, G. J., & Wells, B. (2013). Resources for turn competition in overlapping talk. Speech Communication, 55(5), 721-743.
Barkhuysen, P., Krahmer, E., & Swerts, M. (2008). The interplay between the auditory and visual modality for end-of-utterance detection. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 123(1), 354-365.
Edlund, J., & Beskow, J. (2009). Mushypeek: A framework for online investigation of audiovisual dialogue phenomena. Language and Speech, 52(2-3), 351-367.
Jonsdottir, G. R., Thorisson, K. R., & Nivel, E. (2008, January). Learning smooth, human-like turntaking in realtime dialogue. In Intelligent Virtual Agents (pp. 162-175). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Raux, A., & Eskenazi, M. (2009, May). A finite-state turn-taking model for spoken dialog systems. In Proceedings of Human Language Technologies: The 2009 Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (pp. 629-637). Association for Computational Linguistics.
DeVault, D., Sagae, K., & Traum, D. (2009, September). Can I finish?: learning when to respond to incremental interpretation results in interactive dialogue. In Proceedings of the SIGDIAL 2009 Conference: The 10th Annual Meeting of the Special Interest Group on Discourse and Dialogue (pp. 11-20). Association for Computational Linguistics.