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1 Add to my selection
@Article{Alonso Pardo_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Alonso Pardo, Miguel and Nederhof, Mark-Jan and Villemonte de la Clergerie, Eric},
      TITLE = {Tabulation of Automata for Tree-Adjoining Languages},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Grammars},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {89-110},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof00c.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We propose a modular design of tabular parsing algorithms for tree-adjoining languages. The modularity is made possible by a separation of the parsing strategy from the mechanism of tabulation. The parsing strategy is expressed in terms of the construction of a nondeterministic automaton from a grammar; three distinct types of automaton will be discussed. The mechanism of tabulation leads to the simulation of these nondeterministic automata in polynomial time, independent of the parsing strategy. The proposed application of this work is the design of efficient parsing algorithms for tree-adjoining grammars and related formalisms.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Pardo:2000:TAT.pdf Pardo:2000:TAT.ps}
}
2 Add to my selection
@Article{Althaus_et_al:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Althaus, Ernst and Duchier, Denys and Koller, Alexander and Mehlhorn, Kurt and Niehren, Joachim and Thiel, Sven},
      TITLE = {An Efficient Graph Algorithm for Dominance Constraints},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Algorithms},
      VOLUME = {48},
      PAGES = {194--219},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/eff-dom.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Dominance constraints are logical descriptions of trees that are widely used in computational linguistics. Their general satisfiability problem is known to be NP-complete. Here we identify normal dominance constraints and present an efficient graph algorithm for testing their satisfiablity in deterministic polynomial time. Previously, no polynomial time algorithm was known.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Althaus:19xx:EGA.pdf Althaus:19xx:EGA.ps}
}
3 Add to my selection
@Article{Andreeva_Barry:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Andreeva, Bistra and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Intonation von Checks in der Sofia-Varietaet des Bulgarischen},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {1-14},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus4/Andreeva_PHONUS4.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Die checks bilden eine kommunikative Unterart der Entscheidungsfragen. Sie ersuchen eine Bestätigung von schon bekannter Information und werden deshalb auch Bestätigungsfragen genannt. In der traditionellen Literatur über die bulgarische Intonationsphonologie ist die Beschreibung dieser Fragen extrem widersprüchlich. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit ist es, im Rahmen eines Perzeptionsexperiments Evidenz dafür zu finden, welche akustischen Parameter eine Äußerung als Frage kennzeichnen, wenn sie nicht syntaktisch bzw. lexikalisch markiert ist, d.h. welche die distinktive Intonationskontur ist, die bei Fragen und Aussagen mit gleicher segmentaler und syntaktischer Struktur die Satzmoduszuweisung steuert.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Andreeva:1997:ICS.pdf Andreeva:1997:ICS.ps}
}
4 Add to my selection
@Article{Avgustinova:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania},
      TITLE = {Review of: Sells, Peter; Shieber, Stuart M.; Wasow, Thomas (Eds.): Foundational Issues in Natural Language Processing. System Development Foundation Benchmark Series. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1991. In: The Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics. Vol},
      YEAR = {1993}
}
5 Add to my selection
@Article{Avgustinova:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania},
      TITLE = {On Bulgarian Verb Clitics},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Slavic Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {2},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {29-47}
}
6 Add to my selection
@Article{Avgustinova:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania},
      TITLE = {Prosodic Constraints in Morphosyntactic Domains},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Beiträge der Europäschen Slavistischen Linguistik (POLYSLAV-2)},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {10-15},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~tania/ta-pub/polyslav2.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:1999:PCM.pdf}
}
7 Add to my selection
@Article{Avgustinova_Oliva:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Oliva, Karel},
      TITLE = {Wackernagel Position and Related Phenomena in Czech},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Wiener Slavistisches Jahrbuch},
      VOLUME = {41},
      PAGES = {21-42}
}
8 Add to my selection
@Article{Backofen:1994_1,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf},
      TITLE = {Regular Path Expressions in Feature Logic},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Symbolic Computation},
      VOLUME = {17},
      PAGES = {412-455},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RegularPathExprJSC94.ps.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RegularPathExprJSC94.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RegularPathExprJSC94.dvi.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1994:RPE.pdf Backofen:1994:RPE.ps ackofen:1994:RPE.dvi}
}
9 Add to my selection
@Article{Backofen:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf},
      TITLE = {A Complete Axiomatization of a Theory with Feature and Arity Constraints},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {The Journal of Logic Programming},
      VOLUME = {24},
      PAGES = {37-72},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-94-35.dvi.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-94-35.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-94-35.ps.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1995:CAT.pdf Backofen:1995:CAT.ps Backofen:1995:CAT.dvi}
}
10 Add to my selection
@Article{Backofen_et_al:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf and Rogers, James and Shanker, Vijay K.},
      TITLE = {A First-Order Axiomatization of the Theory of Finite Trees},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language and Information},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {5-39},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/JOLLI95-trees.dvi.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/JOLLI95-trees.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/JOLLI95-trees.ps.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1995:FOA.pdf Backofen:1995:FOA.ps Backofen:1995:FOA.dvi}
}
11 Add to my selection
@Article{Backofen_Smolka:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf and Smolka, Gert},
      TITLE = {A Complete and Recursive Feature Theory},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Theoretical Computer Science},
      VOLUME = {146},
      NUMBER = {1-2},
      PAGES = {243-268},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-92-30.dvi.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-92-30.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-92-30.ps.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1995:CRF.pdf Backofen:1995:CRF.ps Backofen:1995:CRF.dvi}
}
12 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1971,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Remedial Pronunciation Practice for German-Speaking Students of English},
      YEAR = {1971},
      JOURNAL = {English Language Teaching},
      VOLUME = {26},
      PAGES = {43-47}
}
13 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1974,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Language Background and the Perception of Foreign Accent},
      YEAR = {1974},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Phonetics},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {65-89}
}
14 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1979_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Complex Encoding in Word-Final Voiced and Voiceless Stops},
      YEAR = {1979},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica},
      VOLUME = {36},
      PAGES = {361-372}
}
15 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1981_2,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Prosodic Functions Revisited Again!},
      YEAR = {1981},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica},
      VOLUME = {38},
      PAGES = {320-340}
}
16 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1983_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Instrumentelle Phonetik für den Ausspracheunterricht: Hilfe oder Humbug?},
      YEAR = {1983},
      JOURNAL = {Die Neueren Sprachen},
      VOLUME = {82},
      PAGES = {2-14}
}
17 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1983_2,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Click Placement and Units of Perceptual Processing},
      YEAR = {1983},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica},
      VOLUME = {40},
      PAGES = {247-268}
}
18 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1983_3,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Some Problems of Interarticulator Phasing as an Index of Temporal Regularity in Speech},
      YEAR = {1983},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Experimental Psychology, Human Perception and Performance},
      VOLUME = {9},
      PAGES = {826-828}
}
19 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1984,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Segment or Syllable? A Reaction-Time Investigation of Phonetic Processing},
      YEAR = {1984},
      JOURNAL = {Language & Speech},
      VOLUME = {27},
      PAGES = {1-15}
}
20 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1984_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Place-of-Articulation Information in the Closure Voicing of Plosives},
      YEAR = {1984},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
      VOLUME = {76},
      PAGES = {1245-1247}
}
21 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1986,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Vokalqualitätsunterschiede in Dithmarschen und Angeln. Eine kontrastive Vokaluntersuchung zweier niederdeutscher Dialekte, mit instrumentalphonetischer Unterstützung},
      YEAR = {1986},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik},
      VOLUME = {53},
      PAGES = {145-157}
}
22 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1989_2,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Perception and Production of English Vowels by German Learners: Instrumental-Phonetic Support in Language Teaching},
      YEAR = {1989},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica},
      VOLUME = {46},
      PAGES = {155-168}
}
23 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1995_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Schwa vs. Schwa+/r/ in German},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica},
      VOLUME = {52},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {228-235}
}
24 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1995_2,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Phonetik im Kopf und im Computer. Gedanken zur Theorie der Phonetik},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {1-18},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus1/Barry_PHONUS1.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The following text is a version of my Inaugural Lecture, slightly modified for the purpose of distribution in printed form, which was held on 6 June 1994 in the Faculty of Arts, University of the Saarland, Saarbrücken.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Barry:1995:PIK.pdf}
}
25 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {The Relevance of Phonetics for Pronunciation Teaching},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {5-20}
}
26 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Another R-tickle},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
      VOLUME = {27},
      NUMBER = {1-2},
      PAGES = {35-45}
}
27 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Trend und Ergebnisse der phonetischen Forschung und ihr Nutzen für den Fremdsprachenunterricht},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Deutsch als Fremdsprache},
      VOLUME = {36},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {81-87}
}
28 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Andreeva:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Andreeva, Bistra},
      TITLE = {Cross-Language Similarities and Differences in Spontaneous Speech Patterns},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
      VOLUME = {31},
      NUMBER = {1}
}
29 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Fourcin:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Fourcin, Adrian J.},
      TITLE = {Levels of Labelling},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Computer Speech and Language},
      VOLUME = {6},
      PAGES = {1-14}
}
30 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Gutknecht:1970,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Gutknecht, C.},
      TITLE = {Model for Remedial Courses in English Phonetics at German Universities},
      YEAR = {1970},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistische Berichte},
      VOLUME = {7},
      PAGES = {74-79}
}
31 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_et_al:1989_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Hoequist, C. E. and Nolan, F. J.},
      TITLE = {An Approach to the Problem of Regional Accent in Automatic Speech Recognition},
      YEAR = {1989},
      JOURNAL = {Computer Speech and Language},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {355-366}
}
32 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Klein, Cordula and Köser, Stephanie},
      TITLE = {Speech Production Evidence for Ambisyllabicity in German},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {87-102},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus4/Barry_PHONUS4.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Speech production behaviour for cases where, in German, the assumed syllable structure demands of the Maximum Onset Principle (MOP) and the shortstressed vowel Compulsory Coda Principle (CCP) are in conflict, is compared with cases where there is no conflict. The results of two word manipulation tasks are presented in which subjects were required to divide firstsyllablestressed disyllabic words into two parts, in one case (scanning) introducing a pause between the first and second part, in the other case (swapping) speaking the parts in reverse order. Production of an intervocalic single consonant both as a coda to the (original) first syllable and as an onset to the (original) second syllable is seen as behavioural evidence for the psychological reality of ambisyllabicity, which, as a theoretical construct, resolves the conflict in syllable structure demands. We also discuss the relation of the results to orthographic and taskrelated factors and their implication for the phonological status of the syllable.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Barry:1999:SPE.pdf}
}
33 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Künzel:1975,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Künzel, H. J.},
      TITLE = {Co-Articulatory Airflow Characteristics of Intervocalic Voiceless Plosives},
      YEAR = {1975},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Phonetics},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {263-282}
}
34 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Künzel:1978,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Künzel, H. J.},
      TITLE = {A Note on the Devoicing of Nasals},
      YEAR = {1978},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetics Association},
      VOLUME = {8},
      PAGES = {47-55}
}
35 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Pützer:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Pützer, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Zur phonetischen Basis der Fortis-Lenis-Opposition bei Plosiven in moselfränkischen und rheinfränkischen Dialektgebieten im Saarland und in Rheinland-Pfalz},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {53-64},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus1/BarryPuetzer_PHONUS1.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Das häufige Auftreten von wortinitialem /p, t, k/ in phonetisch/phonologischen Darstellungen des Moselfränkischen und gegensätzlich dazu /b, d, g/ in ebensolchen über rheinfränkische Dialekte erhebt die Frage nach der phonetischen Basis der Fortis-Lenis-Opposition, die trotz der Alternation in beiden Dialektgebieten vorhanden ist. Eine Untersuchung der Produktion dieser Opposition bei den Plosiven und ein Perzeptionstest mit manipulierten Stimuli aus dem Produktionskorpus wurden mit Dialektsprechern und -hörern aus zwei moselfränkischen und zwei rheinfränkischen Orten durchgeführt. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, daß trotz gruppenmäßig- und individuell systematischer Produktionsunterschiede für beide Gruppen die Plosivlösung das stärkste Signal für die perzeptorische Unterscheidung ist. Eine unterschiedliche Tendenz bei den Hörergruppen bezüglich der Gewichtung unterschiedlicher Lösungsintensitäten bei kurzer Lösungsdauer entspricht der in der Dialektliteratur gefundenen Transkriptionsvariation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Barry:1995:PBF.pdf}
}
36 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Pützer:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Pützer, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Zur phonetischen Basis der Fortis-Lenis-Opposition bei Plosiven in moselfränkischen und rheinfränkischen Dialekten sowie Übergangsgebieten im germanophonen Lothringen (Frankreich)},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik},
      VOLUME = {64},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {155-178}
}
37 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Timmermann:1985,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Mann, Gideon},
      TITLE = {Mispronunciation and Compensatory Movements of Tongue-Operated Patients},
      YEAR = {1985},
      JOURNAL = {British Journal of Disorders of Communication},
      VOLUME = {20},
      PAGES = {81-90}
}
38 Add to my selection
@Article{Barry_Waine:1970,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Waine, A. E.},
      TITLE = {An Advanced Level Language Laboratory Remedial Grammar Course},
      YEAR = {1970},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistische Berichte},
      VOLUME = {10},
      PAGES = {88-90}
}
39 Add to my selection
@Article{Baum_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Baum, Micha and Erbach, Gregor and Kommenda, Markus},
      TITLE = {Spracherkennung: Kommunikation mit Maschinen},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Funkschau},
      VOLUME = {1/ 2001},
      PAGES = {26-29},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/funkschau.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Baum:2001:SKM.pdf}
}
40 Add to my selection
@Article{Benoît_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Benoît, Christian and Grice, Martine and Hazan, Valerie},
      TITLE = {The SUS Test: A Method for the Assessment of Text-to-Speech Synthesis Intelligibility Using Semantically Unpredictable Sentences},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Speech Communication},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {381-392}
}
41 Add to my selection
@Article{Benzmüller:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Benzmüller, Ralf},
      TITLE = {SAMPA als Eingabeformat für die Sprachausgabe Logox},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {61-81},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.coli.uni-sb.de/pub/people/ralf/logox+SAMPA.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In der Sprachausgabe Logox wird SAMPA als Eingabeformat für die Aussprache benutzt. Durch die eher phonetische Orientierung an der Aussprache und einige Eigenschaften der Mikrosegmentsynthese wurden Anpassungen und Erweiterungen eingeführt. Z.B.: [(] als Zeichen für das kurze, ungespannte /E/, Klammerung () von Diphthongen und Affrikaten, = für silbische Konsonanten und unsilbische Vokale, [Sb] und [Sd] für unaspirierte Plosive nach /S/ am Wort- bzw. Silbenanfang. Die Aussprache von Wörtern, die auf -ig enden wird durch ein Archiphonem /G/ geregelt. Für potentiell intervokalische /r/ am Ende des Wortstammes wird [6r] transkribiert. So können durch systeminterne Umwandlungsregeln sowohl intervokalische als auch präkonsonantische /r/ korrekt ausgesprochen werden. Bezüglich der Realisierung der Phonemfolge /@r/ wurde ein Bewertungsexperiment mit folgendem Ergebnis durchgeführt: [6] wurde in den meisten Kontexten besser bewertet als [@]. Insbesondere im Folgen von unbetonten Silben, wenn der Wortstamm auf /@r/ endet (unabhängig von Betontheit der Folgesilbe) und in den Vorsilben ver-, zer- und er-. [@] wird eher erwartet in den Vorsilben be- und ge- und vor betonten Silben innerhalb eines Wortstamms.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Benzmuller:1997:SES.pdf Benzmuller:1997:SES.ps}
}
42 Add to my selection
@Article{Benzmüller_Grice:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Benzmüller, Ralf and Grice, Martine},
      TITLE = {Trainingsmaterialien zur Etikettierung deutscher Intonation mit GToBI},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {9-34},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus3/BenzmuellerGrice_PHONUS3.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper we provide an overview of GToBI, a consensus transcription system for German intonation. Basic pitch accents and edge tones along with tonal modifications such as upstep and downstep are introduced with the help of schematic diagrams, lists of important criteria and speech files containing canonical examples. The system also provides for the labelling of a limited number of juncture phenomena.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Benzmuller:1997:TED.pdf}
}
43 Add to my selection
@Article{Bertsch_Nederhof:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Bertsch, Eberhard and Nederhof, Mark-Jan},
      TITLE = {On Failure of the Pruning Technique in Error Repair in Shift-Reduce Parsers},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems (TOPLAS)},
      VOLUME = {21},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {1-10},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/nederhof99d.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {A previous article presented a technique to compute the least-cost error repair by incrementally generating congurations that result from inserting and deleting tokens in a syntactically incorrect input. An additional mechanism to improve the run-time efficiency of this algorithm by pruning some of the congurations was discussed as well. In this communication we show that the pruning mechanism may lead to suboptimal repairs or may block all repairs. Certain grammatical errors in a common construct of the Java programming language also lead to the above kind of failure.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bertsch:1999:FPT.pdf Bertsch:1999:FPT.ps}
}
44 Add to my selection
@Article{Bertsch_Nederhof:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Bertsch, Eberhard and Nederhof, Mark-Jan},
      TITLE = {Regular Closure of Deterministic Languages},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {SIAM Journal on Computing},
      VOLUME = {29},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {81-102},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof99c.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof99c.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We recall the notion of regular closure of classes of languages. We present two important results. The first result is that all languages which are in the regular closure of the class of deterministic (context-free) languages can be recognized in linear time. This is a nontrivial result, since this closure contains many inherently ambiguous languages. The second result is that the class of deterministic languages is contained in the closure of the class of deterministic languages with the prefix property or, stated in an equivalent way, all LR(k) languages are in the regular closure of the class of LR(0) languages.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bertsch:1999:RCD.pdf Bertsch:1999:RCD.ps}
}
45 Add to my selection
@Article{Bertsch_Nederhof:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Bertsch, Eberhard and Nederhof, Mark-Jan},
      TITLE = {Size/ Lookahead Tradeoff for LL(k)-Grammars},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Information Processing Letters},
      VOLUME = {80},
      PAGES = {125-129},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof01d.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {For a family of languages a precise tradeoff relationship between the size of LL(k) grammars and the length k of lookahead is demonstrated.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bertsch:2001:SLT.pdf Bertsch:2001:SLT.ps}
}
46 Add to my selection
@Article{Blackburn_de Rijke:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and de Rijke, Maarten},
      TITLE = {Combining Logics. Special Issue},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic},
      VOLUME = {37}
}
47 Add to my selection
@Article{Blackburn_de Rijke:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and de Rijke, Maarten},
      TITLE = {Why Combine Logics?},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Studia Logica. An International Journal for Symbolic Logic},
      VOLUME = {59},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {5-27},
      NOTE = {but published later}
}
48 Add to my selection
@Article{Blackburn_de Rijke:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and de Rijke, Maarten},
      TITLE = {Zooming In, Zooming Out},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language and Information},
      VOLUME = {6},
      PAGES = {5-31}
}
49 Add to my selection
@Article{Blackburn_Seligman:1995_1,
      AUTHOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and Seligman, Jerry},
      TITLE = {Hybrid Languages},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language and Information},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {251-272}
}
50 Add to my selection
@Article{Callmeier:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Callmeier, Ulrich},
      TITLE = {PET. A Platform for Experimentation with Efficient HPSG Processing Techniques},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Natural Language Engineering},
      VOLUME = {6},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {99-108},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~uc/pubs/nle00.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Callmeier:2000:PPE.pdf Callmeier:2000:PPE.ps}
}
51 Add to my selection
@Article{Capstick_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Capstick, Joanne and Diagne, Abdel Kader and Erbach, Gregor and Uszkoreit, Hans and Leisenberg, Anne and Leisenberg, Manfred},
      TITLE = {A System for Supporting Cross-Lingual Retrieval},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Information Processing and Management. An International Journal},
      VOLUME = {36},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {275-289},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-ipm99.pdf ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-ipm99.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Capstick:1999:SSC.pdf Capstick:1999:SSC.ps}
}
52 Add to my selection
@Article{Corley_Scheepers:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Corley, Martin and Scheepers, Christoph},
      TITLE = {Syntactic Priming in English Sentence Production: Categorical and Latency Evidence from an Internet-Based Study},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Psychonomic Bulletin and Review},
      VOLUME = {9},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {126-131}
}
53 Add to my selection
@Article{Corley_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Corley, Steffan and Corley, Martin and Keller, Frank and Crocker, Matthew W. and Trewin, Shari},
      TITLE = {Finding Syntactic Structure in Unparsed Corpora: The GSEARCH Corpus Query System},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Computers and the Humanities},
      VOLUME = {35},
      PAGES = {81-94}
}
54 Add to my selection
@Article{Crocker_Brants:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Crocker, Matthew W. and Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Wide Coverage Probabilistic Sentence Processing},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Psycholinguistic Research},
      VOLUME = {29},
      NUMBER = {6},
      PAGES = {647-669}
}
55 Add to my selection
@Article{Devienne_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Devienne, Philippe and Lebegue, Patrick and Parrain, Anne and Routier, Jean-Christophe and Würtz, Jörg},
      TITLE = {Smallest Horn Clause Programs},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic Programming},
      VOLUME = {27},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {227-267},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/JLP96.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The simplest non-trivial program pattern in logic programming is the following one : $$left\beginarrayl p( extitfact)leftarrow\ p( extitleft)leftarrow p( extitright).\ leftarrow p( extitgoal). endarray ight.defglobble#1gobble$$ where extitfact, extitgoal, extitleft and extitright are arbitrary terms. Because the well known extitappend program matches this pattern, we will denote such programs extitappend-like''. In spite of their simple appearance, we prove in this paper that termination and satisfiability (i.e the existence of answer-substitutions, called the extitemptiness problem) for are undecidable. We also study some subcases depending on the number of occurrences of variables in extitfact, extitgoal, extitleft or extitright. Moreover, we prove that the computational power of extitappend-like programs is equivalent to the one of Turing machines ; we show that there exists an extitappend-like universal program. Thus, we propose an equivalent of the Böhm-Jacopini theorem for logic programming. This result confirms the expressiveness of logic programming. The proofs are based on program transformations and encoding of problems, unpredictable iterations within number theory defined by J.H. Conway or the Post correspondence problem.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Devienne:1996:SHC.pdf Devienne:1996:SHC.ps}
}
56 Add to my selection
@Article{Duchier:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys},
      TITLE = {Dominance Constraints with Boolean Connectives: A Model-Eliminative Treatment},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Theoretical Computer Science},
      VOLUME = {293},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {321-343},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/duchier-dcbc2000.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Dominance constraints are a language of tree descriptions. Tree descriptions are widely used in computational linguistics for talking and reasoning about trees. While previous research has focused on the conjunctive fragment, we now extend the account to all Boolean connectives and propose a new formalism that combines dominance constraints with a feature tree logic. Although the satisfiability problem in the conjunctive fragment is known to be NP-complete, we have previously demonstrated that it can be addressed very effectively by constraint propagation: we developed an encoding that transforms a dominance constraint into a constraint satisfaction problem on finite sets solvable by constraint programming. We present a generalization of this encoding for our more expressive formalism, and prove soundness and completeness. Our main contribution is a treatment of disjunction suitable for constraint propagation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:2002:DCB.pdf Duchier:2002:DCB.ps}
}
57 Add to my selection
@Article{Dünges:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Dünges, Petra},
      TITLE = {Eventualities in Time - The Localization of Eventualities in the Platonist and the Reductionist Picture of Time},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Grammars},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {69-83},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper addresses the general question of how eventualities should be localized in time. The answer given here is mainly inspired by the model theory of Discourse Representation Theory (DRT) as presented in From Discourse to Logic by Kamp and Reyle. We show that there is a mathematical problem concerning the localization function used in that book. And we propose a remedy for this problem. The general picture that emerges should be interesting not only for DRT but for other theories using an eventuality-based semantics as well. For related questions see the CLAUS report 104 Eventualities in Time at http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/.},
      NOTE = {This paper has been printed before in Grammars 3(1):21-35, 2000. It was incorrectly printed, however, and so a corrected reprint took place}
}
58 Add to my selection
@Article{Egg:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus},
      TITLE = {Wh-Questions in Underspecified Minimal Recursion Semantics},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Semantics},
      VOLUME = {15},
      PAGES = {37-82},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper, I present Underspecified Minimal Recursion Semantics (UMRS), a representation language that represents structural ambiguities in terms of underspecification. It is argued that this kind of approach allows for transparent semantic representations and a straightforward syntax-semantics interface. UMRS is a semantic metalanguage, whose expressions describe expressions of an object language and (possibly underspecified) dependences between them. The potential of UMRS will be illustrated by employing it as the semantic component of an HPSG description of wh-questions.}
}
59 Add to my selection
@Article{Egg:2002_1,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus},
      TITLE = {Semantic Construction for Reinterpretation Phenomena},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {40},
      PAGES = {579-609}
}
60 Add to my selection
@Article{Egg_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus and Gardent, Claire and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {Steuerung der Inferenz in der Diskursverarbeitung},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {Kognitionswissenschaft},
      VOLUME = {7},
      PAGES = {106-110},
      ABSTRACT = {Semantic interpretation is an essential component of natural language understanding which draws on extremely efficient language-based inference techniques. Such techniques are still lacking in computational systems for natural language processing. We have investigated specialized representation formalisms and suitable inference techniques that meet some of these desiderata. We have developed higher-order inference procedures to accurately represent linguistic ambiguities in terms of underspecification, and show how these procedures can be guided by information from other linguistic strata.}
}
61 Add to my selection
@Article{Egg_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus and Koller, Alexander and Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {The Constraint Language for Lambda Structures},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language, and Information},
      VOLUME = {10},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {457-485},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/clls.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Egg:2001:CLL.pdf Egg:2001:CLL.ps}
}
62 Add to my selection
@Article{Egg_et_al:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus and Pinkal, Manfred and Pustejovsky, James},
      TITLE = {Editorial},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language and Information (Special Issue on Underspecification)},
      VOLUME = {10},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {411-416}
}
63 Add to my selection
@Article{Erbach:1992_2,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Rezension von Wissensbasierte Systeme im Büro. In: Künstliche Intelligenz 6(1)},
      YEAR = {1992}
}
64 Add to my selection
@Article{Erbach_et_al:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Moshier, M. Andrew and Manandhar, Suresh and Ruessink, Herbert and van der Kraan, Mark and Thiersch, Craig},
      TITLE = {The Reusability of Grammatical Resources},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {AUG News: The Newsletter of the ALEP User Group},
      VOLUME = {1},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {8-12}
}
65 Add to my selection
@Article{Erbach_Saurer:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Saurer, Werner},
      TITLE = {Review of Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Artificial Intelligence Review},
      VOLUME = {14},
      NUMBER = {6},
      PAGES = {615-617},
      URL = {http://purl.org/net/gregor/pub/gabbay.txt},
      NOTE = {Original publication: Dov M. Gabbay, Christopher J. Hogger, John Alan Robinson (Eds.), Handbook of Logic in Artificial Intelligence and Logic Programming, Volume 2: Deduction Methodologies},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:2000:RHL.pdf Erbach:2000:RHL.ps}
}
66 Add to my selection
@Article{Erk_et_al:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Erk, Katrin and Koller, Alexander and Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {Processing Underspecified Semantic Descriptions in the Constraint Language for Lambda Structures},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Research on Language and Computation},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {127--169},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/cllsproc.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The constraint language for lambda structures (CLLS) is an expressive language of tree descriptions which combines dominance constraints with powerful parallelism and binding constraints. CLLS was introduced as a uniform framework for defining underspecified semantics representations of natural language sentences, covering scope, ellipsis, and anaphora. This article presents saturation-based algorithms for processing the complete language of CLLS and gives an overview of previous results on questions of processing and complexity.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erk:2002:PUS.pdfErk:2002:PUS.ps}
}
67 Add to my selection
@Article{Fass_et_al:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Fass, Dan and Martin, James and Hinkelman, Elizabeth},
      TITLE = {Introduction to the Special Issue on Non-Literal Language},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Intelligence: An International Journal},
      VOLUME = {8},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {411-415}
}
68 Add to my selection
@Article{Flickinger_Nerbonne:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Flickinger, Dan and Nerbonne, John},
      TITLE = {Inheritance and Complementation: A Case Study of Easy Adjectives and Related Nouns},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {19},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {269-309}
}
69 Add to my selection
@Article{Flickinger_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Flickinger, Dan and Oepen, Stefan and Uszkoreit, Hans and Tsujii, Jun-ichi},
      TITLE = {Introduction},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Natural Language Engineering},
      VOLUME = {6},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {1-14}
}
70 Add to my selection
@Article{Flickinger_et_al:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Flickinger, Dan and Oepen, Stephan and Uszkoreit, Hans and Tsujii, Jun-ichi},
      TITLE = {Introduction},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Natural Language Engineering},
      VOLUME = {6},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {1-14},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Flickinger_2000_JNLE.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This issue of Natural Language Engineering journal reports on recent achievements in the domain of hpsg-based parsing. Research groups at Saarbrücken, CSLI Stanford and the University of Tokyo have worked on grammar development and processing systems that allow the use of hpsg-based processing in practical application contexts. Much of the research reported here has been collaborative, and all of the work shares a commitment to producing comparable results on wide-coverage grammars with substantial test suites. The focus of this special issue is deliberately narrow, to allow detailed technical reports on the results obtained among the collaborating groups. Thus, the volume cannot aim at providing a complete survey on the current state of the field. This introduction summarizes the research background for the work reported in the issue, and puts the major new approaches and results into perspective. Relationships to similar efforts pursued elsewhere are included, along with a brief summary of the research and development efforts reflected in the volume, the joint reference grammar, and the common sets of reference data.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Flickinger:2000:IB.pdf}
}
71 Add to my selection
@Article{Gabsdil_Striegnitz:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Gabsdil, Malte and Striegnitz, Kristina},
      TITLE = {Classifying Scope Ambiguities},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Language and Computation},
      VOLUME = {1},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {291-297},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~kris/papers/jlac2000.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe the architecture and implementation of a system which compares semantic representations of natural language input w.r.t. equivalence of logical content and context change potential. By using automated theorem proving we compute a graph-like structure which represents the relationships that hold between different readings of a given sentence. The information encoded in the graph-structure can be useful for discourse processing systems where knowledge about the relative logical strength of readings might be used to reduce the number of readings that have to be considered during processing. The system relies heavily on existing implementations and code available via the internet. These are integrated and put to the desired use by a Prolog interface. By illustrating the architecture of this system, we want to argue that it is possible to build rather complex systems involving multiple levels of linguistic processing without having to spend an unreasonably large amount of time on the implementation of basic functionalities.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gabsdil:2000:CSA.pdf Gabsdil:2000:CSA.ps}
}
72 Add to my selection
@Article{Gardent:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Gardent, Claire},
      TITLE = {Anaphores parallèles et techniques de résolution},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Langages},
      VOLUME = {123},
      PAGES = {75-98}
}
73 Add to my selection
@Article{Gardent_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Gardent, Claire and Kohlhase, Michael and Konrad, Karsten},
      TITLE = {Higher-Order Coloured Unification: a Linguistic Application},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Technique et Science Informatiques},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {181-209}
}
74 Add to my selection
@Article{Görz_et_al:1990,
      AUTHOR = {Görz, Günther and Habel, Christopher and von Hahn, Walther and Pinkal, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Computerlinguistik als Studienfach - Zur Diskussion gestellt},
      YEAR = {1990},
      JOURNAL = {Informatik-Spektrum},
      VOLUME = {13},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {276-279}
}
75 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice:1995_1,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine},
      TITLE = {Leading Tones and Downstep in English},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Phonology},
      VOLUME = {12},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {183-233}
}
76 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine},
      TITLE = {Review of: Hirst, Di Cristo (eds.): Intonation Systems: A Survey of Twenty Languages},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {37},
      PAGES = {593-625}
}
77 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine},
      TITLE = {Discussion paper: Dainora : An Empirically Based Probabilistic Model of Intonation in American English},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Glot International}
}
78 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice:2002_1,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine},
      TITLE = {Review of: Botinis (ed): Intonation: Analysis, Modelling and Technology},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {28},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {87-89}
}
79 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice_Baumann:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine and Baumann, Stefan},
      TITLE = {Deutsche Intonation und GToBI},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistische Berichte},
      VOLUME = {191},
      PAGES = {267-298},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/phonetik/projects/Tobi/lingber-gtobi-2.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper we provide an overview of work carried out on the intonation of Standard German both in auditory phonetic studies and in the instrumentally-based phonological accounts within the autosegmental-metrical framework. We examine how far the different accounts shed light on controversial issues such as leading tones, levels of phrasing, and phrase accents and propose a surface-oriented annotation framework, GToBI, which aims to capture all empirically observed distinctive intonation patterns. For illustration purposes, the contours which are reported to occur most commonly are given in schematic form, along with their GToBI transcription and examples of their usage.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Grice:2002:DIG.pdf}
}
80 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine and Ladd, Robert D. and Arvaniti, Amalia},
      TITLE = {On the Place of Phrase Accents in Intonational Phonology},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Phonology},
      VOLUME = {17},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {143-185}
}
81 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice_Savino:1995_2,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine and Savino, Michelina},
      TITLE = {Intonation and Communicative Function in a Regional Variety of Italian},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {19-32},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus1/GriceSavino_PHONUS1.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper looks at a number of types of yes-no questions in Bari Italian: QUERIES, CHECKS and ALIGNS, as discussed in Carletta et al (1995), and another move referred to as OBJECT, which is both a response to what has just been said and a demand for clarification. The 'questioning' pitch accent identified in Grice and Savino (1995) is found in QUERIES, most ALIGNS, tentative and reasonably confident CHECKS, and OBJECTS. It is absent from very confident CHECKS or ALIGNS, in which cases the intonation pattern used is indistinguishable from that used in statements. A tripartite subcategorisation of CHECKS, according to the degree of confidence of the speaker, is reflected in the intonation by differences not only in accent type, but also in phrasing, and presence or absence of deaccenting.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Grice:1995:ICFb.pdf}
}
82 Add to my selection
@Article{Grice_et_al:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Grice, Martine and Savino, Michelina and Refice, Mario},
      TITLE = {The Intonation of Questions in Bari Italian: Do Speakers Replicate their Spontaneous Speech when Reading?},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {1-7},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus3/Grice_PHONUS3.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper we investigate the intonation of yes-no questions in Bari Italian across two speech styles. We compare the intonation of tokens produced in task-oriented dialogues with those read aloud, both from sentence-lists and from paragraph-length texts in which the target question was integrated. Results show that although all questions have a rising pitch accent, L+H* (already shown to be the marker of interrogation in Bari Italian by Grice and Savino 1995), they differ in their phrase-final F0 contour. A final rise to a high endpoint was found in 78% of read but only in 13% of spontaneous tokens. These data indicate that care should be taken when extending results from reading intonation to that of spontaneous speech.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Grice:1997:IQB.pdf}
}
83 Add to my selection
@Article{Hardcastle_Barry:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Hardcastle, William J. and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Articulatory and Perceptual Factors in /l/ Vocalisations in English},
      YEAR = {1989},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetics Association},
      VOLUME = {15},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {3-17}
}
84 Add to my selection
@Article{Haridi_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Haridi, Seif and Van Roy, Peter and Brand, Per and Mehl, Michael and Scheidhauer, Ralf and Smolka, Gert},
      TITLE = {Efficient Logic Variables for Distributed Computing},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems},
      VOLUME = {21},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {569-626},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/TOPLAS99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We define a practical algorithm for distributed rational tree unification and prove its correctness in both the off-line and on-line cases. We derive the distributed algorithm from a centralized one, showing clearly the trade-offs between local and distributed execution. The algorithm is used to realize logic variables in the Mozart Programming System, which implements the Oz language (see http://www.mozart-oz.org/). Oz appears to the programmer as a concurrent object-oriented language with dataflow synchronization. Logic variables implement the dataflow behavior. We show that logic variables can easily be added to the more restricted models of Java and ML, thus providing an alternative way to do concurrent programming in these languages. We present common distributed programming idioms in a network-transparent way using logic variables. We show that in common cases the algorithm maintains the same message latency as explicit message passing. In addition, it is able to handle uncommon cases that arise from the properties of latency tolerance and third-party independence. This is evidence that using logic variables in distributed computing is beneficial at both the system and language levels. At the system level, they improve latency tolerance and third-party independence. At the language level, they help make network-transparent distribution practical.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Haridi:1999:ELV.pdf Haridi:1999:ELV.ps}
}
85 Add to my selection
@Article{Haridi_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Haridi, Seif and Van Roy, Peter and Brand, Per and Schulte, Christian},
      TITLE = {Programming Languages for Distributed Applications},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {New Generation Computing},
      VOLUME = {16},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {223-261},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/ngc98.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Much progress has been made in distributed computing in the areas of distribution structure, open computing, fault tolerance, and security. Yet, writing distributed applications remains difficult because the programmer has to manage models of these areas explicitly. A major challenge is to integrate the four models into a coherent development platform. Such a platform should make it possible to cleanly separate an application's functionality from the other four concerns. Concurrent constraint programming, an evolution of concurrent logic programming, has both the expressiveness and the formal foundation needed to attempt this integration. As a first step, we have designed and built a platform that separates an application's functionality from its distribution structure. We have prototyped several collaborative tools with this platform, including a shared graphic editor whose design is presented in detail. The platform efficiently implements Distributed Oz, which extends the Oz language with constructs to express the distribution structure and with basic primitives for open computing, failure detection and handling, and resource control. Oz appears to the programmer as a concurrent object-oriented language with dataflow synchronization. Oz is based on a higher-order, state-aware, concurrent constraint computation model.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Haridi:1998:PLD.pdf Haridi:1998:PLD.ps}
}
86 Add to my selection
@Article{Henz_Würtz:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Henz, Martin and Würtz, Jörg},
      TITLE = {Constraint-Based Time Tabling - A Case Study},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Applied Artificial Intelligence},
      VOLUME = {10},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {439-453},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper, we concentrate on a typical scheduling problem: the computation of a time table for a German college. Like many other scheduling problems, this problem contains a variety of complex constraints and necessitates special-purpose search strategies. Techniques from Operations Research and traditional constraint logic programming are not able to express these constraints and search strategies on a sufficiently high level of abstraction. We show that the higher-order concurrent constraint language Oz provides this high-level expressivity, and can serve as a useful programming tool for college time tabling.}
}
87 Add to my selection
@Article{Hinkelman_et_al:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Hinkelman, Elizabeth and Fass, Dan and Martin, James},
      TITLE = {Special Issue on Non-Literal Language},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Intelligence. An International Journal},
      VOLUME = {8},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {411-599}
}
88 Add to my selection
@Article{Hutter_Kohlhase:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Hutter, Dieter and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {Managing Structural Information by Higher-Order Colored Unification},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Automated Reasoning},
      VOLUME = {25},
      PAGES = {123-164}
}
89 Add to my selection
@Article{Kasper:1992_1,
      AUTHOR = {Kasper, Walter},
      TITLE = {Presuppositions, Composition, and Simple Subjunctives},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Semantics},
      VOLUME = {9},
      PAGES = {197-221}
}
90 Add to my selection
@Article{Kerber_Kohlhase:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Kerber, Manfred and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {A Tableau Calculus for Partial Functions},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Collegium logicum: Annals of the Kurt-Gödel-Society},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {21-49}
}
91 Add to my selection
@Article{Klettke_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Klettke, Meike and Bietz, Mathias and Bruder, Ilvio and Heuer, Andreas and Priebe, Denny and Neumann, Günter and Becker, Markus and Bedersdorfer, Jochen and Uszkoreit, Hans and Maedche, Alexander and Staab, Steffen and Studer, Rudi},
      TITLE = {GETESS-Ontologien, objektrelationale Datenbanken und Textanalyse als Bausteine einer semantischen Suchmaschine},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Datenbank-Spektrum},
      VOLUME = {1},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {14-24},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/new-ps/getess-db-spektrum.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {In diesem Artikel wird dargestellt, wie Verfahren aus der Wissensrepräsentation, der Computerlinguistik, dem Information Retrieval und aus dem Bereich Datenbanken eingesetzt werden können, um für Suchmaschinen und in Dokumentenserver neue Funktionalitäten bereitzustellen.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Klettke:2001:GOO.pdf}
}
92 Add to my selection
@Article{Kohlhase_Koller:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Kohlhase, Michael and Koller, Alexander},
      TITLE = {Resource-Adaptive Model Generation as a Performance Model},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Logic Journal of the IGPL},
      VOLUME = {11},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {435--456},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/mgperf.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Model generation calculi, close relatives of tableau calculi for theorem proving, can be used as competence models for semantic natural language understanding. Unfortunately existing model generation calculi are not yet plausible as performance models of actual human processing, since they fail to capture computational aspects of human language processing. We outline an extended model generation calculus that solves the most unpleasant computational inadequacy; In the extended calculus, tableau expansion rules are equipped with costs, and model construction is a process that optimizes model quality under resource constraints with respect to these costs. We embed the new calculus into an abstract inference machine and illustrate the possibilities of this approach by presenting a partial theory of definites in this setting. In this case study, the constants in the universe are given saliences, that are maintained across the model generation process. This additional data serves as one important source of information for model quality and resource cost estimation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Kohlhase:19xx:RAM.pdfKohlhase:19xx:RAM.ps}
}
93 Add to my selection
@Article{Koller_et_al:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Koller, Alexander and Niehren, Joachim and Striegnitz, Kristina},
      TITLE = {Relaxing Underspecified Semantic Representations for Reinterpretation},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Grammars},
      VOLUME = {3},
      NUMBER = {2-3},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/relax2000.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Type and sort conflicts in semantics are usually resolved by a process of reinterpretation, which introduces an operator into the semantic representation. We elaborate on the foundations of a recent approach to reinterpretation within a framework for semantic underspecification. In this approach, relaxed underspecified semantic representations are inferred from the syntactic structure, leaving space for subsequent addition of reinterpretation operators. Unfortunately, a structural danger of overgeneration is inherent to the relaxation of underspecified semantic representations. We identify the problem and distinguish structural properties that avoid it. We furthermore develop techniques for proving these properties and apply them to prove the safety of relaxation in a prototypical syntax/semantics interface. In doing so, we present some novel properties of tree descriptions in the constraint language over lambda structures (CLLS).},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Koller:2000:RUS.pdf Koller:2000:RUS.ps}
}
94 Add to my selection
@Article{Konieczny_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Konieczny, Lars and Hemforth, Barbara and Scheepers, Christoph and Strube, Gerhard},
      TITLE = {The Role of Lexical Heads in Parsing: Evidence from German},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Cognitive Processes},
      VOLUME = {12},
      PAGES = {307-348}
}
95 Add to my selection
@Article{Kordoni:2002_1,
      AUTHOR = {Kordoni, Valia},
      TITLE = {Modern Greek Psych Verb Constructions},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Recherches en linguistique grecque},
      VOLUME = {Tome 2},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~kordoni/papers/valia-kordoni.doc},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents a semantic analysis for Psych Verb Constructions in Modern Greek.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Kordoni:2002:MGP.pdf}
}
96 Add to my selection
@Article{Koreman:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Koreman, Jacques},
      TITLE = {The Effects of Stress and F0 on the Voice Source},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {105-120},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus1/Koreman_PHONUS1.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper, we present data on the qualitative difference in the voice source characteristics in stressed versus unstressed syllables; for the unstressed syllables, we will further point out the qualitative differences dependent on high versus low F0 (fundamental frequency of the vocal fold vibrations). The voice source characteristics will be described in terms of a set of parameters extracted from the inverse filtered signal, consisting of the parameters OQ (open quotient), rk (pulse skewing), Ee (excitation strength), AC (peak-to-peak airflow) and DC offset (leak flow). We attempt to give a physiological explanation for our findings by comparing our data with those from other experiments, discussed in the literature. We also compare our findings with the predictions from modelling studies, and suggest some improvements of the phonation models to obtain a better correspondence between their predictions and our results. The physiological interpretation of our findings remains tentative, since no direct physiological measurements were made. Nevertheless we are able to propose a consistent explanation for the behaviour of the glottal parameter values that were observed.},
      ANNOTE = {Koreman:1995:ESF}
}
97 Add to my selection
@Article{Koreman_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Koreman, Jacques and Andreeva, Bistra and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Relational Phonetic Features for Consonant Identification in a Hybrid ASR System},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {83-110},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus3/Koreman_PHONUS3.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this article we discuss implementation of some fundamental phonetic ideas related to what we shall call relational processing in a cross-language consonant identification system. The term relational processing refers to the way vowel transitions play a role in the identification of neighbouring consonants. Two experiments are described: first, consonant identification results from a hidden Markov modelling experiment are presented for consonants plus the preceding and following vowel transitions, if present. The results are compared to a baseline experiment, in which the vowel transitions are not used in the identification of the consonants. In the second experiment, the acoustic parameters are first mapped onto phonetic features; this mapping is performed by a Kohonen network1. Since vowel transitions are considered to be particularly important for identification of the place of articulation of the neighbouring consonant, only the place features (and not the consonants' manner features or the phonetic features of the vowel to which the transitions belong) are derived for the vowel transitions. Separate hidden Markov models are trained for the consonants, for the vowel offset and vowel onset transitions which share all consonantal place-of-articulation features. Concatenations of these models form the phone-like recognition units (comparable to the concatenation of phone models for the recognition of words in a conventional ASR system) which are later used for consonant identification. The results are compared with a baseline experiment in which no acoustic-phonetic mapping is performed. The experiments show that relational processing improves the consonant identification results.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Koreman:1997:RPF.pdf}
}
98 Add to my selection
@Article{Koreman_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Koreman, Jacques and Andreeva, Bistra and Erriquez, Attilio and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Can we use the linguistic information in the signal?},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {5},
      PAGES = {47-58},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus5/Koreman_PHONUS5.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This article discusses the use of phonetic features in automatic speech recognition. The phonetic features are derived from acoustic parameters by means of Kohonen networks. Behind the use of phonetic features instead of standard acoustic parameters lies the assumption that it is useful to help the system to focus on linguistically relevant signal properties. Previous experiments using very simple hidden Markov models to represent the phones (with only one mixture for each state and without a lexicon or language model) have indeed shown that the phoneme identification rates on the basis of phonetic features were considerably higher than on the basis of acoustic parameters. When eight mixtures per state are used in hidden Markov modelling, the phoneme identification rates for three different sets of phonetic features were found to be lower than those obtained from a system in which the acoustic parameters are modelled directly. It is suggested that the results are still good enough, however, to further explore the use of phonetic features in a complete automatic speech recognition system: if each phone sequence representing a word in the lexicon is replaced by a sequence of underspecified phonetic feature vectors, the use of phonetic features in the acoustic decoding may have certain advantages.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Koreman:2000:CWU.pdf}
}
99 Add to my selection
@Article{Koreman_Pützer:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Koreman, Jacques and Pützer, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Finding Correlates of Vocal Fold Adduction Deficiencies},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {155-178},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus3/KoremanPuetzer_PHONUS3.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents first results from a pilot study in which a set of voice parameters are computed from the EGG and microphone signals. It is investigated which of the voice parameters can distinguish between 5 speaker groups. The speaker groups are divided into normal speakers, breathy speakers and speakers with an organic pathology. Some of the parameters can distinguish between (some of) the 5 groups regardless of speaker sex, whereas other parameter do so only for male or female voices. The results of this study can be useful for the derivation of parameters which can be used for instance for the evaluation of voice therapy; the results can also indicate parameters which should be given special attention in a pre-screening of speakers with a high risk of developing a voice pathology, since a change in these parameters between consultations at the ENT clinic may indicate a development towards a pathological voice. The main goal of this pilot study is not so much the derivation of these parameters, though, as the development of a methodology to find parameters which distinguish between the 5 speaker groups. The method is immediately applicable to the investigation of distinctions between other pathological groups.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Koreman:1997:FCV.pdf}
}
100 Add to my selection
@Article{Koreman_et_al:2004,
      AUTHOR = {Koreman, Jacques and Pützer, Manfred and Just, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Acoustic, Electroglottographic and Perceptual Correlates of Vocal Fold Adduction Deficiencies in Patients with Paralysis of the Recurrent Nerve},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Folia Phoniatr. Logop.},
      NOTE = {accepted}
}
101 Add to my selection
@Article{Krieger:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Krieger, Hans-Ulrich},
      TITLE = {Greatest Model Semantics for Typed Feature Structures},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Grammars},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {139-165},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/2001_krieger_grammars.entry}
}
102 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayová:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Review of: Lambrecht, Knud: Information Structure and Sentence Form. Topic, Focus, and the Mental Representations of Discourse Referents. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics}
}
103 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayová:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Review of: Bosch, P.;van der Sandt, R. (Eds.): Focus. Cambridge University Press, 1999.},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {7},
      PAGES = {80-82}
}
104 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayová:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Review of: Issues of Valency and Meaning: Studies in Honour of Jarmila Panevová},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Slovo a slovesnost},
      VOLUME = {LX/2},
      NUMBER = {60},
      PAGES = {150-153},
      NOTE = {in Czech}
}
105 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayová:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Review of: Ladd, Robert: Intonational Phonology. Cambridge Studies in Linguistics 79, Cambridge University Press, 1997.},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics},
      NUMBER = {73-74},
      PAGES = {117-120}
}
106 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayová:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Discourse Meaning: Papers in Honour of Eva Hajicová},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistica Pragensia},
      VOLUME = {10},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {105-108}
}
107 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayová:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Review of: McCawley, James D.: The Syntactic Phenomena of English (Second Edition). Chicago University Press.},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language and Information},
      VOLUME = {10},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {263-266}
}
108 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayová_Hajicová:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana and Hajicová, Eva},
      TITLE = {Topics and Centers: A Comparison of the Salience-Based Approach and the Centering Theory},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {67},
      PAGES = {25-50},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~korbay/Publications/pbml67.ps},
      NOTE = {Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Kruijff-Korbayova:1997:TCC.pdf Kruijff-Korbayova:1997:TCC.ps}
}
109 Add to my selection
@Article{Li:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Li, Jie},
      TITLE = {Dou and Wh-questions in Mandarin Chinese},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of East Asian Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {313-323}
}
110 Add to my selection
@Article{Milward:1994_1,
      AUTHOR = {Milward, David},
      TITLE = {Dynamic Dependency Grammar},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistics and Philosophy},
      VOLUME = {17},
      PAGES = {561-605}
}
111 Add to my selection
@Article{Moore_Paris:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Moore, Johanna D. and Paris, Cecile L.},
      TITLE = {Planning Text for Advisory Dialogues: Capturing Intentional and Rhetorical Information},
      YEAR = {1993},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {19},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {651-694}
}
112 Add to my selection
@Article{Moore_Pollack:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Moore, Johanna D. and Pollack, Martha E.},
      TITLE = {A Problem for RST: The Need for Multi-Level Discourse Analysis},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {537-544}
}
113 Add to my selection
@Article{Müller_Niehren:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Müller, Martin and Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {Ordering Constraints over Feature Trees Expressed in Second-Order Monadic Logic},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Information and Computation},
      VOLUME = {159},
      NUMBER = {1-2},
      PAGES = {22-58},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/SWSJournal99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The system FT$_leq$ of ordering constraints over feature trees has been introduced as an extension of the system FT of equality constraints over feature trees. While the first-order theory of FT is well understood, only few complexity and decidability results are known for fragments of the first-order theory of FT$_leq$. We introduce a new handle for such decidability questions by showing how to express ordering constraints over feature trees in second-order monadic logic (S2S or WS2S). Our relationship implies a new decidability result for feature logics, namely that the entailment problem of FT$_leq$ with existential quantifiers $phi_1models exists x_1ldotsexists x_n phi_2$ is decidable. We also show that this problem is PSPACE-hard even though the quantifier-free case can be solved in cubic time. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a non-trivial decidability result of feature logic is reduced to Rabins famous tree theorem.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Muller:2000:OCFa.pdf Muller:2000:OCFa.ps}
}
114 Add to my selection
@Article{Müller_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Müller, Martin and Niehren, Joachim and Podelski, Andreas},
      TITLE = {Ordering Constraints over Feature Trees},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Constraints, an International Journal},
      VOLUME = {5},
      NUMBER = {1-2},
      PAGES = {7-42},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/ftsub-constraints-99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Feature trees are the formal basis for algorithms manipulating record like structures in constraint programming, computational linguistics and in concrete applications like software configuration management. Feature trees model records, and constraints over feature trees yield extensible and modular record descriptions. We introduce the constraint system FT$_leq$ of ordering constraints interpreted over feature trees. Under the view that feature trees represent symbolic information, the relation $leq$ corresponds to the information ordering (carries less information than''). We present two algorithms in cubic time, one for the satisfiability problem and one for the entailment problem of FT$_leq$. We show that FT$_leq$ has the independence property. We are thus able to handle negative conjuncts via entailment and obtain a cubic algorithm that decides the satisfiability of conjunctions of positive and negated ordering constraints over feature trees. Furthermore, we reduce the satisfiability problem of Dörre's weak subsumption constraints to the satisfiability problem of FT$_leq$ and improve the complexity bound for solving weak subsumption constraints from $O(n^5)$ to $O(n^3)$.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Muller:2000:OCFb.pdf Muller:2000:OCFb.ps}
}
115 Add to my selection
@Article{Müller_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Müller, Martin and Niehren, Joachim and Treinen, Ralf},
      TITLE = {The First-Order Theory of Ordering Constraints over Feature Trees},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {193-234},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/FTSubTheory-98.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The system FT$_leq$ of ordering constraints over feature trees has been introduced as an extension of the system FT of equality constraints over feature trees. We investigate the first-order theory of FT$_leq$ and its fragments in detail, both over finite trees and over possibly infinite trees. We prove that the first-order theory of FT$_leq$ is undecidable, in contrast to the first-order theory of FT which is well-known to be decidable. We show that the entailment problem of FT$_leq$ with existential quantification is PSPACE-complete. So far, this problem has been shown decidable, coNP-hard in case of finite trees, PSPACE-hard in case of arbitrary trees, and cubic time when restricted to quantifier-free entailment judgments. To show PSPACE-completeness, we show that the entailment problem of FT$_leq$ with existential quantification is equivalent to the inclusion problem of non-deterministic finite automata.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Muller:2001:FOT.pdf}
}
116 Add to my selection
@Article{Müller_Smolka:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Müller, Martin and Smolka, Gert},
      TITLE = {Oz: Nebenläufige Programmierung mit Constraints},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {KI - Künstliche Intelligenz},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {55-61},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/KI-LP96.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Dieser Artikel behandelt die Programmiersprache Oz und das ihr zugrundeliegende Programmiermodell. Oz ist eine nebenläufige Programmiersprache, die Constraintprogrammierung mit funktionaler und objektorientierter Programmierung verbindet. Oz ist als Nachfolger von Hochsprachen wie Lisp, Prolog und Smalltalk entworfen; diese Sprachen sind nur unzureichend für Anwendungen geeignet, die sowohl Problemlösungskomponenten enthalten, als auch Nebenläufigkeit und Reaktivität. Im Vergleich zu Prolog gibt Oz die Idee auf, dass Programme stets auch logische Spezifikationen sein müssen. Andererseits erlaubt Oz die flexible Programmierung von Inferenzmaschinen, deren Leistungsfähigkeit weit über das in Prolog Machbare hinausgeht. Damit steht insbesondere die Funktionalität von CLP-Sprachen wie CHIP bereit.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Muller:1996:ONP.pdf Muller:1996:ONP.ps}
}
117 Add to my selection
@Article{Müller:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Müller, Stefan},
      TITLE = {An HPSG-Analysis for Free Relative Clauses in German},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Grammars},
      VOLUME = {2},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {53-105},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mueller99b.entry http://www.dfki.de/~stefan/PS/freeRel.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Muller:1999:HAF.pdf Muller:1999:HAF.ps}
}
118 Add to my selection
@Article{Müller_Würtz:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Müller, Tobias and Würtz, Jörg},
      TITLE = {Embedding Propagators in a Concurrent Constraint Language},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {The Journal of Functional and Logic Programming},
      NUMBER = {Special Issue 1},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/MuellerWuertz:99a.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Solving large and hard discrete combinatorial problems often requires the design of new constraints. Current constraint systems focus on either high-level modeling or efficient implementation technology. While each approach lacks the advantages of the other one, this paper describes the combination of them in the high-level concurrent constraint language Oz. We describe an interface to Oz providing abstractions to program new efficient constraints in CPP, preserving the benefits of Oz for problem modeling. While constraints and the Oz runtime system are linked through the interface, and adequate interface abstractions are supplied to implement advanced algorithmic techniques. In particular, it provides the means to reflect the validity of a constraint and to control and inspect the state of a constraint. This allows the user to solve demanding combinatorial problems, such as hard scheduling problems. It is desirable to execute concurrent constraint programs in parallel to profit from multiprocessor architectures. We discuss how the proposed interface can be adapted to parallel execution, avoiding the recoding of constraint implementations for sequential solvers.},
      NOTE = {Published on the Internet: http://mitpress.mit.edu/JFLP/, ISSN 1080--5230, MIT Press Journals, Five Cambridge Center, Cambridge, USA},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Muller:1999:EPC.pdf Muller:1999:EPC.ps}
}
119 Add to my selection
@Article{Muskens:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Muskens, Reinhard},
      TITLE = {Combining Montague Semantics and Discourse Representation},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistics and Philosophy},
      VOLUME = {19},
      PAGES = {143-186}
}
120 Add to my selection
@Article{Nederhof:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Nederhof, Mark-Jan},
      TITLE = {The Computational Complexity of the Correct-Prefix Property for TAGs},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {25},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {345-360},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof99b.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof99b.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Nederhof:1999:CCC.pdf Nederhof:1999:CCC.ps}
}
121 Add to my selection
@Article{Nederhof:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Nederhof, Mark-Jan},
      TITLE = {Practical Experiments with Regular Approximation of Context-Free Languages},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {26},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {17-44},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof00.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof00.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Nederhof:2000:PER.pdf Nederhof:2000:PER.ps}
}
122 Add to my selection
@Article{Nerbonne:1992_2,
      AUTHOR = {Nerbonne, John},
      TITLE = {Evaluierungsworkshop},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Künstliche Intelligenz},
      VOLUME = {6},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {43-44}
}
123 Add to my selection
@Article{Nerbonne_et_al:1993_1,
      AUTHOR = {Nerbonne, John and Netter, Klaus and Diagne, Abdel Kader and Dickmann, Ludwig and Klein, Judith},
      TITLE = {A Diagnostic Tool for German Syntax},
      YEAR = {1993},
      JOURNAL = {Machine Translation},
      VOLUME = {8},
      PAGES = {85-107}
}
124 Add to my selection
@Article{Netter:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Netter, Klaus},
      TITLE = {Syntax in der Maschinellen Sprachverarbeitung},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {Informationstechnik und Technische Informatik (it+ti)},
      VOLUME = {36},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {6-13}
}
125 Add to my selection
@Article{Neumann:1993_1,
      AUTHOR = {Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {Grammatikformalismen in der Generierung und ihre Verarbeitung},
      YEAR = {1993},
      JOURNAL = {Künstliche Intelligenz},
      NUMBER = {Themenheft Generierung},
      PAGES = {22-30},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/ki-93/ki-93-abstract.html http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/ki-93/gram-gen.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Neumann:1993:GGI.pdf Neumann:1993:GGI.ps}
}
126 Add to my selection
@Article{Neumann:1998_1,
      AUTHOR = {Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {Interleaving Natural Language Parsing and Generation Through Uniform Processing},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {Artificial Intelligence},
      VOLUME = {99},
      PAGES = {121-163},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/new-ps/ai-uta.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/uta.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Neumann:1998:INL.pdf Neumann:1998:INL.ps}
}
127 Add to my selection
@Article{Neumann_Piskorski:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Neumann, Günter and Piskorski, Jakub},
      TITLE = {A Shallow Text Processing Core Engine},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Computational Intelligence},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {3},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/new-ps/comp-intell.pdf},
      NOTE = {to appear},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Neumann:2002:STP.pdf}
}
128 Add to my selection
@Article{Neumann_Schmeier:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Neumann, Günter and Schmeier, Sven},
      TITLE = {Shallow Natural Language Technology and Text Mining},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Künstliche Intelligenz. The German Artificial Intelligence Journal},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/new-ps/ki-tm-final.rtf},
      NOTE = {to appear}
}
129 Add to my selection
@Article{Niehren:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {Uniform Confluence in Concurrent Computation},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Functional Programming},
      VOLUME = {10},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {1-47},
      URL = {www.ps.uni-sb.de/Papers/abstracts/Uniform:99.html ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/Uniform:2000.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Indeterminism is typical for concurrent computation. If several concurrent actors compete for the same resource then at most one of them may succeed, whereby the choice of the successful actor is indeterministic. As a consequence, the execution of a concurrent program may be nonconfluent. Even worse, most observables (termination, computational result, and time complexity) typically depend on the scheduling of actors created during program execution. This property contrast concurrent programs from purely functional programs. A functional program is uniformly confluent in the sense that all its possible executions coincide modulo reordering of execution steps. In this paper, we investigate concurrent programs that are uniformly confluent and their relation to eager and lazy functional programs. We study uniform confluence in concurrent computation within the applicative core of the $pi$-calculus which is widely used in different models of concurrent programming (with interleaving semantics). In particular, the applicative core of the $pi$-calculus serves as a kernel in foundations of concurrent constraint programming with first-class procedures (as provided by the programming language Oz). We model eager functional programming in the $lambda$-calculus with weak call-by-value reduction and lazy functional programming in the call-by-need $lambda$-calculus with standard reduction. As a measure of time complexity, we count application steps. We encode the $lambda$-calculus with both above reduction strategies into the applicative core of the $pi$-calculus and show that time complexity is preserved. Our correctness proofs employs a new technique based on uniform confluence and simulations. The strength of our technique is illustrated by proving a folk theorem, namely that the call-by-need complexity of a functional program is smaller than its call-by-value complexity. A shortened version of this report will appear in the Journal of Functional Programming. Due to lack of space, this journal version does not contain the encoding of the $delta$-calculus (introduced in the paper) into the applicative core of the $pi$-calculus (given here), which is of its own interest.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Niehren:2000:UCC.pdf Niehren:2000:UCC.ps}
}
130 Add to my selection
@Article{Niehren_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Niehren, Joachim and Treinen, Ralf and Tison, Sophie},
      TITLE = {On Rewrite Constraints and Context Unification},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Information Processing Letters},
      VOLUME = {74},
      NUMBER = {1-2},
      PAGES = {35-40},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/rewrite-context.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We show that stratified context unification, which is one of the most expressive fragments of context unification known to be decidable, is equivalent to the satisfiability problem of slightly generalized rewriting constraints.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Niehren:2000:RCC.pdf Niehren:2000:RCC.ps}
}
131 Add to my selection
@Article{Oepen_Carroll:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Oepen, Stefan and Carroll, John},
      TITLE = {Parser Engineering and Performance Profiling},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Natural Language Engineering},
      VOLUME = {6},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {81-98}
}
132 Add to my selection
@Article{Oepen_Flickinger:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Oepen, Stefan and Flickinger, Dan},
      TITLE = {Towards Systematic Grammar Profiling. Test Suite Technology Ten Years After},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Computer Speech and Language},
      VOLUME = {12},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {411-436},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Oepen:1998:TSG.pdf}
}
133 Add to my selection
@Article{Pickering_et_al:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Pickering, Martin J. and Traxler, Matthew and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Ambiguity Resolution in Sentence Processing: Evidence Against Likelihood},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Memory and Language},
      VOLUME = {43},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {447-475}
}
134 Add to my selection
@Article{Podelski_Smolka:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Podelski, Andreas and Smolka, Gert},
      TITLE = {Situated Simplification},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Theoretical Computer Science},
      VOLUME = {173},
      PAGES = {209-233}
}
135 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Die Wortakzente von Beuren. Ein Beitrag zu Wortprosodischen Strukturen in einer Moselfränkischen Mundart},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {65-104},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus1/Puetzer_PHONUS1.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This report addresses the topic of word-accent in the dialect of the Rhine-Palatinate town of Beuren, close to the Northern Saarland border and belonging to the Mosel-Franconian dialect region. The report is presented in two thematically linked parts, and their partly complementary results contribute to a better understanding of the word-prosody structure of this dialect. The first part is a pilot study of the Rhenish Accentuation phenomena. It is an acoustic analysis of Accent 1 (also called Stoßton) and Accent 2 (also called Schleifton) words produced under different sentence-accent conditions in different intonation patterns. The second part is concernd with another tonal accent, sometimes called the neutral accent, which is assumed, on the basis of auditory judgements, to exist in the dialect of Beuren. A pilot experiment tests the perceptual contribution of durational and tonal properties to the acceptability of this accent and of accent 2.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Putzer:1995:WBB.pdf}
}
136 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Zu Transkriptionskonventionen bei Plosiven im Übergangsgebiet zwischen moselfränkischen und rheinfränkischen Dialekten im germanophonen Lothringen (Frankreich)},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {25-60},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus3/Puetzer_PHONUS3.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Phonus 3, Institute of Phonetics, University of the Saarland, 1997, 35-60. The present study deals with the dialect of a town situated in the transitional region between the Mosel-Franconian and Rhine-Franconian areas in Germanophone Lorraine. The focus of this study is the phonetic basis of the plosives /p, t, k/ and /b, d, g/ in initial, medial and final position, i.e.: prevocalic / presonorant, intervocalic and postvocalic / postsonorant position, respectively. Interest in this subject stems from the different transciption conventions traditionally in use in the three Germanophone dialect regions of Lorraine: the Mosel-Franconian, Rhine-Franconian and transitional regions. Both an auditive evaluation and an instrumental analysis of the systematically elicited speech corpus, followed by a statistical analysis, support the choice of the phonetic symbols in phonologically non-relevant positions in the dialect under investigation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Putzer:1997:TPI.pdf}
}
137 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Multiparametrische Stimmqualitäts-erfassung männlicher und weiblicher Normalstimmen},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Folia Phoniatr. Logop.},
      VOLUME = {53},
      PAGES = {73-84}
}
138 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_Barry:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Geographische und generationsbezogene Verbreitung saarländischer Dialekt-phänomene im germanophonen Lothringen (Frankreich)},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für Dialektologie und Linguistik},
      VOLUME = {65},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {152-178}
}
139 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_Barry:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Soziophonetische Betrachtungen zu deutschen Dialekten in Lothringen (Frankreich)},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Folia Linguistica},
      VOLUME = {32},
      NUMBER = {3-4},
      PAGES = {161-199}
}
140 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_Barry:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Differential Weighting of Phonetic Properties in Cross-Dialectal Perception},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {6, Festschrift für Max Mangold},
      PAGES = {191-220}
}
141 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_Barry:2002_1,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Methodische Aspekte der auditiven Bewertung von Stimmqualität},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Sprache Stimme Gehör},
      NOTE = {to appear}
}
142 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Erriquez, Attilio and Barry, William J. and Just, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Differenzierte Stimmprofile zur männlichen und weiblichen Normalstimme},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Aktuelle phoniatrisch-pädaudiologische Aspekte},
      VOLUME = {8},
      PAGES = {71-75}
}
143 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_Just:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Just, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Akustische und elektrophysiologische Stimmanalyse nach laserchirurgischer Larynxkarzinomresektion: Ein Fallstudie},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {103-121},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus4/Puetzer_PHONUS4.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Phonus 4, Institute of Phonetics, University of the Saarland, 1999, 103-121. In this paper the course of the therapy after minimally invasive laser surgery for a carcinoma of the vocal cord (T1) is evaluated using acoustic and electroglottographic methods. The evaluation includes preoperative, postoperative and post-rehabilitative conditions. With the help of frequency and amplitude perturbation parameters derived from the acoustic output, and parameters based on electroglottographic properties of single periods (contact and skewing quotient; jitter), respectively, we are able to provide statistical evidence for the effectiveness of the therapeutic measures. Comparisons with the tolerance values given by the producers of the analysis programs and with empirically derived variation ranges from a large sample of normal speakers allow us to quantify the effect. The course of the recovery, also described in this study, provides the anatomical and physiological basis to explain the functional improvement of phonation observed in the acoustic and electroglottographic correlates.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Putzer:1999:AES.pdf}
}
144 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_Koreman:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Koreman, Jacques},
      TITLE = {A German Database of Patterns of Pathological Vocal Fold Vibration},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {143-153},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus3/PuetzerKoreman_PHONUS3.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents a survey of a database of pathological voice qualities, collected in collaboration with the Department of Phoniatrics and ENT at the Caritas clinic St. Theresia in Saarbr.cken. The major part of this paper is devoted to a medical description of pathological voice qualities, but the recording procedure as well as the goal of the database collection will also be described. In particular, we hope that in the future it will be possible, on the basis of the present database, to relate properties of recorded voice signals to phoniatric diagnoses of voice pathologies.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Putzer:1997:GDP.pdf}
}
145 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_Marasek:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Marasek, Krzysztof},
      TITLE = {Differenzierung gesunder Stimmqualitäten und Stimmqualitäten bei Rekurrens-parese mit Hilfe elektroglottographischer Messungen und RBH-System},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Sprache Stimme Gehör},
      VOLUME = {24},
      PAGES = {154-163}
}
146 Add to my selection
@Article{Pützer_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Moringlane, Jean Richard and Fuss, Gerhard},
      TITLE = {Auswirkungen neurstimulatorischer Eingriffe auf das glottale Schwingungsverhalten bei Patienten mit M. Parkinson und Multipler Sklerose},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Folia Phoniatr. Logop.},
      NOTE = {to appear}
}
147 Add to my selection
@Article{Rhie_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Rhie, Sung Ja and Barry, William J. and Koreman, Jacques},
      TITLE = {Syllable Structure and Duration in the Realisation of German Rhythm by Korean Learners},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {111-141},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/Phonetics/Research/PHONUS_research_reports/Phonus3/Rhie_PHONUS3.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Sentences read and imitated by four Korean learners of German, two advanced and two beginners, containing selected two-, three- and four-syllable words were compared with readings of the same sentences by two native speakers of German. The words were also varied systematically in their complexity and in the familiarity of their syllable structure. They combined familiar and unfamiliar sounds with known [CV(son)] and unknown [C(C)VC(C)] syllables. The realisations by the Korean learners were analysed for deviations from the native productions with respect to pause behaviour, articulation rate, the duration of the selected words, and the relative syllable duration within those words. Results show that unfamiliar sounds, syllable structure and Korean syllable-dependent rhythmic patterning combine to interfere with the production of the correct German rhythm. As the length and the syllable complexity of the German target words increases so does the degree of deviation from the native German patterns. Length of exposure to German did not appear to guarantee a closer approximation to the target patterns, but all learners were able to modify their L2-productions in the imitation task.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Rhie:1997:SSD.pdf}
}
148 Add to my selection
@Article{Rothkegel_et_al:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Rothkegel, Annely and Schmitt, Michael and Villiger, Claudia},
      TITLE = {CHAINING - Eine Strategie zum Aufbau der sequentiellen Textstruktur},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {Sprache und Datenverarbeitung},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {19-44}
}
149 Add to my selection
@Article{Saurer:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Saurer, Werner},
      TITLE = {A Natural Deduction System for Discourse Representation Theory},
      YEAR = {1993},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Philosophical Logic},
      VOLUME = {22},
      PAGES = {249-302}
}
150 Add to my selection
@Article{Schmitt_Villiger:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Schmitt, Michael and Villiger, Claudia},
      TITLE = {Sprachwissenschaft im Netz - Strukturkriterien für ein Virtuelles Linguistisches Museum},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {Sprache und Datenverarbeitung},
      VOLUME = {21},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {41-52}
}
151 Add to my selection
@Article{Schröder:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Schröder, Marc},
      TITLE = {Can Emotions be Synthesized without Controlling Voice Quality?},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {37-55},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~schroed/articles/schroeder1999b.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {The present study addresses the question whether it is in principle feasible to convey emotion in synthesized speech using a restricted parameter set which can usually be controlled in concatenation based synthesizers. Using copy synthesis, the prosodic structure of one sentence uttered with five emotional expressions (anger, joy, fear, sadness, and neutral) was transferred to synthetic stimuli. Perception tests show that for some synthetic stimuli, the high recognition rates for the corresponding natural stimuli are almost reproduced, while for other stimuli the emotional information is lost. In a free association perception test, a tendency towards the perception of the unintended category disappointment was found that only varied to a limited extend across stimuli. Die vorliegende Untersuchung widmet sich der Frage, ob Emotionen prinzipiell mit einem begrenzten Parametersatz vermittelt werden können, wie er üblicherweise in konkatenativer Synthese zur Verfügung steht. Mittels Kopiesynthese wurde die prosodische Struktur eines Satzes, der mit fünf emotionalen Ausdrücken (Wut, Freude, Angst, Traurigkeit, und neutral) produziert worden war, auf synthetische Stimuli übertragen. Perzeptionstests zeigen, daß für manche Stimuli die hohen Erkennungsraten der entsprechenden natürlichen Stimuli nahezu reproduziert werden, während für andere Stimuli die emotionale Information verlorengeht. In einem Perzeptionstest zur freien Assoziation wurde eine Tendenz zur Wahrnehmung der unbeabsichtigten Kategorie ”Enttäuschung” festgestellt, die nur bedingt zwischen den Stimuli variierte.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Schroder:1999:CES.pdf}
}
152 Add to my selection
@Article{Shieber_et_al:1990,
      AUTHOR = {Shieber, Stuart M. and van Noord, Gertjan and Pereira, Fernando and Moore, Robert},
      TITLE = {A Semantic-Head-Driven Generation Algorithm for Unification-Based Formalisms},
      YEAR = {1990},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {16},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {30-42}
}
153 Add to my selection
@Article{Smolka:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Smolka, Gert},
      TITLE = {Problem Solving with Constraints and Programming},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {ACM Computing Surveys},
      VOLUME = {28},
      NUMBER = {4},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/ACM_Surveys_96.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {I sketch a general model of constraint-based problem solving that is not committed to a particular programming paradigm, show that Prolog in particular and logic programming in general do not provide a satisfactory framework for constraint programming, and outline how constraint programming is realized in Oz, a general-purpose language for symbolic processing.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Smolka:1996:PSC.pdf Smolka:1996:PSC.ps}
}
154 Add to my selection
@Article{Sturt_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Sturt, Patrick and Pickering, Martin J. and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Search Strategies in Syntactic Reanalysis},
      YEAR = {2000},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Psycholinguistic Research},
      VOLUME = {29},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {183-194}
}
155 Add to my selection
@Article{Sturt_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Sturt, Patrick and Pickering, Martin J. and Scheepers, Christoph and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {The Preservation of Structure in Language Comprehension: Is Reanalysis the last Resort?},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Memory and Language},
      VOLUME = {45},
      PAGES = {283-307}
}
156 Add to my selection
@Article{Sturt_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Sturt, Patrick and Scheepers, Christoph and Pickering, Martin J.},
      TITLE = {Syntactic Ambiguity Resolution after Initial Misanalysis: The Role of Recency},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Memory and Language},
      VOLUME = {46},
      PAGES = {371-390}
}
157 Add to my selection
@Article{ter Stal_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {ter Stal, W. G. and Beijert, J.-H. and de Bruin, G. and van Gent, J. and de Jong, Franciska and Kraaij, W. and Netter, Klaus and Smart, G.},
      TITLE = {Twenty-One: Cross-Language Disclosure and Retrieval of Multimedia Documents on Sustainable Development},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {Computer Networks and ISDN Systems},
      VOLUME = {30},
      NUMBER = {13},
      PAGES = {1237-1248},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/twentyone97.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/twentyone97.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Stal:1998:TOC.pdf Stal:1998:TOC.ps}
}
158 Add to my selection
@Article{Traum_Hinkelman:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Traum, David and Hinkelman, Elizabeth},
      TITLE = {Conversation Acts in Task-Oriented Spoken Dialogue},
      YEAR = {1992},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Intelligence},
      VOLUME = {8},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {579-599},
      URL = {http://www.cs.tufts.edu/~elizh/ci-single.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Traum:1992:CAT.pdf Traum:1992:CAT.ps}
}
159 Add to my selection
@Article{Trost:1991_1,
      AUTHOR = {Trost, Harald},
      TITLE = {A Morphological Component for the Recognition and Generation of Word Forms in Natural Language Understanding Systems: Integrating Two-Level Morphology and Feature Unification},
      YEAR = {1991},
      JOURNAL = {Applied Artificial Intelligence},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {411-457}
}
160 Add to my selection
@Article{Trost:1991_3,
      AUTHOR = {Trost, Harald},
      TITLE = {Recogniton and Generation of Word Forms for Natural Language Understanding Systems: Integrating Two-Level Morphology and Feature Unification},
      YEAR = {1991},
      JOURNAL = {Applied Artificial Intelligence},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {411-457},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Trost_1991_RGWFVLUS.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {A language-independent morphological component for the recognition and generation of word forms is presented. Based on a lexicon of morphs, the approach combines two-level morphology and a feature-based unification grammar describing word formation. To overcome the heavy use of diacritics, feature structures are associated with the two-level rules. These feature structures function as filters for the application of the rules. That way information contained in the lexicon and the morphological grammar can guide the application of the two-level rules. Moreover, information can be transmitted from the two-level part to the grammar part. This approach allows for a natural description of some nonconcatenative morphological phenomena as well as morphonological phenomena that are restricted to certain word classes in their applicability. The approach is applied to German inflectional and derivational morphology. The component may easily be incorporated into natural language understanding systems and can be especially useful in medical, scientific, or technical languages where it can be used for the automatic processing of compound words.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Trost:1991:RGW.pdf}
}
161 Add to my selection
@Article{Trouvain:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Phonological Aspects of Reading Rate Strategies},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {PHONUS},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {15-35},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper deals with the effect of tempo on phonological structure. In two production experiments, German speakers were asked to read texts at three self-selected rates, normal, fast, and slow. Different speaker strategies were inspected in terms of pausing, phrasing, pitch accent structure and segmental reductions. The first aim of the study is to describe the reorganisation of the pho-nological structure as a function of the three speech rate categories. The second goal is to discuss the strategies used in speaking faster and slower than normal, considering in particular the homogeneity among speakers and the symmetry within speakers. The differences found between and within speakers provide a basis for modelling individual tempo profiles at the phonological level, which could be exploited e.g. for the synthesis of individual voices and speaking styles.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Trouvain:1999:PAR.pdf Trouvain:1999:PAR.ps}
}
162 Add to my selection
@Article{Uszkoreit_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Uszkoreit, Hans and Brants, Thorsten and Duchier, Denys and Krenn, Brigitte and Konieczny, Lars and Oepen, Stefan and Skut, Wojciech},
      TITLE = {Studien zur performanzorientierten Linguistik: Aspekte der Relativsatzextraposition im Deutschen},
      YEAR = {1998},
      JOURNAL = {Kognitionswissenschaft},
      VOLUME = {7},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {129-133},
      ABSTRACT = {Am Beispiel der Relativsatzextraposition im Deutschen zeigt das Papier wie Verfahren der sprachwissenschaftlichen Modellbildung, korpuslinguistischen Untersuchung und des psycholinguistischen Experiments in einem integrativen Forschungsansatz zusammenwirken, der auf ein verbessertes Verständnis und die linguistisch wie kognitiv adäquate Modellierung sprachlicher Performanzprobleme zielt. Ausgehend von der von Hawkins (1994) formulierten Theorie zur Wortstellung werden Hypothesen über die positionelle Verteilung von Relativsätzen formuliert und in Bezug auf Korpusdaten und Akzeptabilitätsmessungen überprüft. Alle beschriebenen empirischen Untersuchungen bestätigen den erwarteten Einfluss von Längenfaktoren auf die Relativsatzdistribution, zeigen gleichzeitig aber eine interessante Asymmetrie zwischen Produktions- und Rezeptionsdaten.}
}
163 Add to my selection
@Article{van Noord_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {van Noord, Gertjan and Bouma, Gosse and Koeling, Rob and Nederhof, Mark-Jan},
      TITLE = {Robust Grammatical Analysis for Spoken Dialogue Systems},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Natural Language Engineering},
      VOLUME = {5},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {45-93},
      URL = {http://odur.let.rug.nl/~vannoord/papers/nle/},
      ABSTRACT = {We argue that grammatical analysis is a viable alternative to concept spotting for processing spoken input in a practical spoken dialogue system. We discuss the structure of the grammar, and a model for robust parsing which combines linguistic sources of information and statistical sources of information. We discuss test results suggesting that grammatical processing allows fast and accurate processing of spoken input.}
}
164 Add to my selection
@Article{Van Roy_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Van Roy, Peter and Haridi, Seif and Brand, Per and Smolka, Gert and Mehl, Michael and Scheidhauer, Ralf},
      TITLE = {Mobile Objects in Distributed Oz},
      YEAR = {1997},
      JOURNAL = {ACM Transactions on Programming Languages and Systems},
      VOLUME = {19},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {804-851},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/TOPLAS97.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Some of the most difficult questions to answer when designing a distributed application are related to mobility: what information to transfer between sites and when and how to transfer it. Network-transparent distribution, the property that a program's behavior is independent of how it is partitioned among sites, does not directly address these questions. Therefore we propose to extend all language entities with a network behavior that enables efficient distributed programming by giving the programmer a simple and predictable control over network communication patterns. In particular, we show how to give objects an arbitrary mobility behavior that is independent of the object's definition. In this way, the syntax and semantics of objects are the same regardless of whether they are used as stationary servers, mobile agents, or simply as caches. These ideas have been implemented in Distributed Oz, a concurrent object-oriented language that is state aware and has data flow synchronization. We prove that the implementation of objects in Distributed Oz is network transparent. To satisfy the predictability condition, the implementation avoids forwarding chains through intermediate sites. The implementation is an extension to the publicly available DFKI Oz 2.0 system.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Roy:1997:MOD.pdf Roy:1997:MOD.ps}
}
165 Add to my selection
@Article{Vasishth:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Vasishth, Shravan},
      TITLE = {Word Order, Negation, and Negative Polarity in Hindi},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Language and Computation},
      VOLUME = {3},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ling.ohio-state.edu/pub/Students/Vasishth/Published/JLAC2001/vasishth.pdf},
      NOTE = {to appear},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Vasishth:2002:WON.pdf}
}
166 Add to my selection
@Article{Volk_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Volk, Martin and Ripplinger, Bärbel and Vintar, Špela and Buitelaar, Paul and Raileanu, Diana and Sacaleanu, Bogdan},
      TITLE = {Semantic Annotation for Concept-Based Cross-Language Medical Information Retrieval},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {International Journal of Medical Informatics},
      VOLUME = {67},
      NUMBER = {1-3},
      PAGES = {97-112},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/jmi.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We present a framework for concept-based cross-language information retrieval in the medical domain, which is under development in the MUCHMORE project. Our approach is based on using the Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) as the primary source of semantic data. Documents and queries are annotated with multiple layers of linguistic information. Linguistic processing includes part-of-speech tagging, morphological analysis, phrase recognition and the identification of medical terms and semantic relations between them. The paper describes experiments in monolingual and cross-language document retrieval, performed on a corpus of medical abstracts. Results show that linguistic processing, especially lemmatization and compound analysis for German, is a crucial step in achieving a good baseline performance. On the other hand, they show that semantic information, specifically the combined use of concepts and relations, increases the performance in monolingual and cross-language retrieval.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Volk:2002:SAC.pdf}
}
167 Add to my selection
@Article{Wokurek_Pützer:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Wokurek, Wolfgang and Pützer, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Akustische Analyse normalstimmlicher und pathologischer Phonation},
      YEAR = {2002},
      NOTE = {to appear}
}
168 Add to my selection
@Article{Ziff_et_al:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Ziff, Donald A. and Spackmann, Stephen and Waclena, Keith},
      TITLE = {Funser: A Functional Server for Textual Information Retrieval},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Functional Programming},
      VOLUME = {5},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {317-343},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Ziff:1995:FFS.pdf}
}
169 Add to my selection
@Article{Brinckmann_Trouvain:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Brinckmann, Caren and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {The Role of Duration Models and Symbolic Representation for Timing in Synthetic Speech},
      YEAR = {2003},
      MONTH = {January},
      JOURNAL = {International Journal of Speech Technology},
      VOLUME = {6},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {21-23},
      URL = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021043804581},
      ABSTRACT = {In order to determine priorities for the improvement of timing in synthetic speech this study looks at the role of segmental duration prediction and the role of phonological symbolic representation in the perceptual quality of a text-to-speech system. In perception experiments using German speech synthesis, two standard duration models (Klatt rules and CART) were tested. The input to these models consisted of a symbolic representation which was either derived from a database or a text-to-speech system. Results of the perception experiments show that different duration models can only be distinguished when the symbolic representation is appropriate. Considering the relative importance of the symbolic representation, post-lexical segmental rules were investigated with the outcome that listeners differ in their preferences regarding the degree of segmental reduction. As a conclusion, before fine-tuning the duration prediction, it is important to derive an appropriate phonological symbolic representation in order to improve timing in synthetic speech.}
}
170 Add to my selection
@Article{Egg:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus},
      TITLE = {Beginning novels and finishing hamburgers - remarks on the semantics of em to begin/},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Semantics},
      VOLUME = {20},
      PAGES = {163-191}
}
171 Add to my selection
@Article{Hansen_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Hansen, Silvia and Klaumann, Mary and Neumann, Stella},
      TITLE = {How to overcome registerial translation problems},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Revista Brasileira de Linguistica Aplicada},
      VOLUME = {2},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {15-23}
}
172 Add to my selection
@Article{Korbayova:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Contextual reference of noun phrases in Plinius: Part Two},
      YEAR = {1995},
      JOURNAL = {Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {62},
      PAGES = {47-72},
      NOTE = {Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic}
}
173 Add to my selection
@Article{Kruijff-Korbayova_Steedman:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Kruijff-Korbayova, Ivana and Steedman, Mark},
      TITLE = {Discourse on Information Structure},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language and Information: Special Issue on Discourse and Information Structure},
      VOLUME = {12},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {249-259}
}
174 Add to my selection
@Article{ter Haar_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {ter Haar, Laudy and Korbayova, Ivana and van der Vet, Paul and Andernach, Toine},
      TITLE = {Using domain knowledege in resolving pronominal anaphora in plinius},
      YEAR = {1996},
      JOURNAL = {Belgian Journal of Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {10},
      PAGES = {11-35},
      NOTE = {Presented at the Conference Anaphoric Relations and (in)coherence, Antwerp, December 1--3, 1994.}
}
175 Add to my selection
@Article{Warner_Weber:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Warner, Natasha and Weber, Andrea},
      TITLE = {Perceptual consequences of unintended epenthetic stops.},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Phonetics},
      VOLUME = {29},
      PAGES = {53-87}
}
176 Add to my selection
@Article{Weber:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea},
      TITLE = {Assimilation violation and spoken-language processing: A supplementary report.},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Speech},
      VOLUME = {45},
      PAGES = {37-46}
}
177 Add to my selection
@Article{Pinkal:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Pinkal, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Am Anfang war das Wort},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Bibel im Dialog, Evangelische Studentinnen- und Studentengemeinde Saarbrücken (Hrsg.), Röhrig Universitätsverlag, St. Ingbert},
      PAGES = {34-47}
}
178 Add to my selection
@Article{Weber_Cutler:2004,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea and Cutler, Anne},
      TITLE = {Lexical competition in non-native spoken-word recognition.},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Memory and Language},
      VOLUME = {50},
      PAGES = {1-25}
}
179 Add to my selection
@Article{Korbayova:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Korbayova, Ivana},
      TITLE = {Contextual reference of noun phrases in Plinius: Part One},
      YEAR = {1994},
      JOURNAL = {Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics},
      NUMBER = {61},
      PAGES = {23-46},
      NOTE = {Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic}
}
180 Add to my selection
@Article{Weber:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea},
      TITLE = {Help or hindrance: How violation of different assimilation rules affects spoken-language processing.},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Speech},
      VOLUME = {44},
      PAGES = {95-118}
}
181 Add to my selection
@Article{Koreman_et_al:2004_1,
      AUTHOR = {Koreman, Jacques and Pützer, Manfred and Just, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Correlates of varying vocal fold adduction deficiencies in perception and production: methodological and practical considerations},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Folia Phoniatr. Logop.},
      ADDRESS = {Koreman:2004:CVV},
      NOTE = {accepted}
}
182 Add to my selection
@Article{Vasishth:2003_1,
      AUTHOR = {Vasishth, Shravan},
      TITLE = {Word order, negation, and negative polarity in Hindi},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Research on Language and Computation},
      VOLUME = {2:1},
      PAGES = {127-146},
      ADDRESS = {Vasishth:2003:WON}
}
183 Add to my selection
@Article{Sp2007,
      AUTHOR = {Sporleder, Caroline},
      TITLE = {Manually vs. Automatically Labelled Data in Discourse Relation Classification. Effects of Example and Feature Selection},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {LDV Forum},
      VOLUME = {22},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {1-20},
      NOTE = {CS, MP}
}
184 Add to my selection
@Article{Schaffar_Chen:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Schaffar, Wolfram and Chen, Lansun},
      TITLE = {Yes-no question in Mandarin and the theory of focus},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {39},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {837-870},
      URL = {Schaffar:2001:YNQ}
}
185 Add to my selection
@Article{Koller_et_al:2004,
      AUTHOR = {Koller, Alexander and Debusmann, Ralph and Gabsdil, Malte and Striegnitz, Kristina},
      TITLE = {Put my galakmid coin into the dispenser and kick it: Computational Linguistics and Theorem Proving in a Computer Game},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Logic, Language and Information: Special Issue on ICoS-3},
      VOLUME = {13},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {187--206},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~kris/papers/kluwer2004.ps.gz}
}
186 Add to my selection
@Article{Kordoni_Neu:2004,
      AUTHOR = {Kordoni, Valia and Neu, Julia},
      TITLE = {Creating multi-purpose linguistic resources for Modern Greek: a deep Modern Greek Grammar},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2004)},
      URL = {Kordoni:2004:CMP}
}
187 Add to my selection
@Article{Kamide_et_al:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Kamide, Yuki and Scheepers, Christoph and Altmann, Gerry},
      TITLE = {Integration of syntactic and semantic information in predictive processing: Cross-linguistic evidence from German and English},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Psycholinguistic Research},
      VOLUME = {32 (1)},
      PAGES = {37-55}
}
188 Add to my selection
@Article{Keller_Alexopoulou:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Keller, Frank and Alexopoulou, Theodora},
      TITLE = {Phonology Competes with Syntax: Experimental Evidence for the Interaction of Word Order and Accent Placement in the Realization of Information Structure},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition},
      VOLUME = {79},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {301-372}
}
189 Add to my selection
@Article{Keller:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Keller, Frank},
      TITLE = {Experimental Evidence for Constraint Competition in Gapping Constructions},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Competition in Syntax},
      PAGES = {211-248}
}
190 Add to my selection
@Article{Keller_Asudeh:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Keller, Frank and Asudeh, Ash},
      TITLE = {Probabilistic Learning Algorithms and Optimality Theory},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistic Inquiry},
      VOLUME = {33},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {225-244}
}
191 Add to my selection
@Article{Keller_Lapata:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Keller, Frank and Lapata, Mirella},
      TITLE = {Using the Web to Obtain Frequencies for Unseen Bigrams},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linguistics},
      VOLUME = {29},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {459-484}
}
192 Add to my selection
@Article{KCP2005,
      AUTHOR = {Knoeferle, Pia and Crocker, Matthew W. and Pickering, Martin J.},
      TITLE = {The influence of the immediate visual context on incremental thematic role-assignment: evidence from eye-movements in depicted events},
      YEAR = {2005},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition},
      VOLUME = {1},
      NUMBER = {95},
      PAGES = {95-127}
}
193 Add to my selection
@Article{Lapata_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Lapata, Mirella and Keller, Frank and Schulte im Walde, Sabine},
      TITLE = {Verb frame frequency as a predictor of verb bias},
      YEAR = {2001},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Psycholinguistic Reseach},
      VOLUME = {30(4)},
      PAGES = {419-435}
}
194 Add to my selection
@Article{Lapata_et_al:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Lapata, Mirella and Keller, Frank and Scheepers, Christoph},
      TITLE = {Intra-sentential context effects on the interpretation of logical metonymy},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition Science},
      VOLUME = {27},
      PAGES = {649-668}
}
195 Add to my selection
@Article{Lapata_et_al:2003_1,
      AUTHOR = {Lapata, Mirella and Keller, Frank and Scheepers, Christoph},
      TITLE = {Intra-sentential Context Effects on the Interpretation of Logical Metonymy},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive Science},
      VOLUME = {27:4},
      PAGES = {649-668}
}
196 Add to my selection
@Article{Melinger:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Melinger, Alissa},
      TITLE = {Morphological structure in the lexical representation of prefixed words: Evidence from speech errors},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Cognitive Processes},
      VOLUME = {18 (3)},
      PAGES = {335-362}
}
197 Add to my selection
@Article{Melinger_Abdel Rahman:2004,
      AUTHOR = {Melinger, Alissa and Abdel Rahman, R.},
      TITLE = {Investigating the interplay between semantic and phonological distractor effects in picture naming},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Brain and Language},
      VOLUME = {90},
      PAGES = {213-220}
}
198 Add to my selection
@Article{Melinger_Levelt:2004 (accepted),
      AUTHOR = {Melinger, Alissa and Levelt, William},
      TITLE = {Gesture and the communicative intention of the speaker},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Gesture}
}
199 Add to my selection
@Article{Scheepers:2003,
      AUTHOR = {Scheepers, Christoph},
      TITLE = {Syntactic priming of relative clause attachments: Persistence of structural configuration in sentence production},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition},
      VOLUME = {89},
      PAGES = {179-205}
}
200 Add to my selection
@Article{wbarry:1134654566,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and M and Barry, William J. and Fuß and Moringlane, G. &},
      TITLE = {Instrumentalphonetische Untersuchungen zu Auswirkungen der Elektrostimulation subkortikaler Hirnstrukturen auf glottal-supraglottale Artikulationsmechanismen bei Patienten mit M. Parkinson und multipler Sklerose.},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Sprache, Stimme, Gehör},
      KEY = {entry_type},
      VOLUME = {27},
      PAGES = {161-170}
}
201 Add to my selection
@Article{wbarry:1134654307,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer and M and Barry and Moringlane and Fuß and G and Spiegel},
      TITLE = {Auswirkungen der Elektrostimulation subkortikaler Hirnstrukturen auf das glottale Schwingungsverhalten bei Patienten mit Morbus Parkinson und multipler Sklerose.},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica},
      KEY = {entry_type},
      VOLUME = {55},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {220-232}
}
202 Add to my selection
@Article{entry_type,
      AUTHOR = {Moringlane, Jean Richard and Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Bilateral high-frequency electrical impulses to the thalamus reduce voice tremor: acoustic and electroglottographic analysis. A case report},
      YEAR = {2003},
      JOURNAL = {European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology}
}
203 Add to my selection
@Article{RMBWJ2005,
      AUTHOR = {Russo, Michela and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Interaction between segmental structure and rhythm. A look at Italian dialects and regional standard Italian},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = {Folia Linguistica},
      VOLUME = {XXXVIII},
      NUMBER = {3-4},
      PAGES = {277-296}
}
204 Add to my selection
@Article{PB2004,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Methodische Aspekte der auditiven Bewertung von Stimmqualität},
      YEAR = {2004},
      JOURNAL = { Sprache Stimme Gehör: Zeitschrift für Kommunikationsstörungen},
      VOLUME = {28},
      PAGES = {1-10}
}
205 Add to my selection
@Article{WBC2006,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea and Braun, Bettina and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Finding Referents in Time: Eye-tracking Evidence for the Role of Contrastive Accents},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Speech},
      VOLUME = {49},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {367-392}
}
206 Add to my selection
@Article{KC2006,
      AUTHOR = {Knoeferle, Pia and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {The coordinated interplay of scene, utterance, and world knowledge: evidence from eye tracking},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive Science},
      VOLUME = {30},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {481-529}
}
207 Add to my selection
@Article{WGC2006,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea and Grice, Martine and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Finding Referents in Time: Eye-tracking Evidence for the Role of Contrastive Accents},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Speech},
      VOLUME = {49},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {367-392}
}
208 Add to my selection
@Article{CWO2006,
      AUTHOR = {Cutler, Anne and Weber, Andrea and Otake, Takashi},
      TITLE = {Asymmetric mapping from phonetic to lexical representations in second-language listening},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of phonetics},
      VOLUME = {34},
      PAGES = {269-284}
}
209 Add to my selection
@Article{WC2006,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea and Cutler, Anne},
      TITLE = {First-language phonotactics in second-language listening},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {The journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
      VOLUME = {119},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {597-607}
}
210 Add to my selection
@Article{S2006,
      AUTHOR = {Schulte im Walde, Sabine},
      TITLE = {Experiments on the automatic induction of German semantic verb classes},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Computational linguistics },
      VOLUME = {32},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {159-194}
}
211 Add to my selection
@Article{barryrusso2002,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, John W. and Russo, Michela},
      TITLE = {Gradi di elisione dello scha finale nelle variatà di Ischia e Pozzuoli: Unánalisi strumentale e implicazione ritmiche},
      YEAR = {2002},
      JOURNAL = {Quaderni Linguistici e Filologici XV. La fonetica acustica come strumento di analisi della variazione linguistica in Italia},
      VOLUME = {Atti delle XII Giornate die Studio del Gruppo di Fonetica}
}
212 Add to my selection
@Article{WGCM2006,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea and Grice, Martine and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {The role of prosody in the interpretation of structural ambiguities: a study of anticipatory eye movements},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition},
      VOLUME = {99},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {B63-B72}
}
213 Add to my selection
@Article{ICM1999,
      AUTHOR = {Ishizaki, Masato and Crocker, Matthew W. and Mellish, Chris},
      TITLE = {Exploring Mixed-Initiative Dialogue Using Computer Dialogue Simulation},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of User-Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction},
      NUMBER = {1/2},
      PAGES = {79-91}
}
214 Add to my selection
@Article{SPC1999,
      AUTHOR = {Sturt, Patrick and Pickering, Martin J. and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Structural Change and Reanalysis Difficulty in Language Comprehension},
      YEAR = {1999},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Memory and Language},
      VOLUME = {40},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {136-150}
}
215 Add to my selection
@Article{KNC2006,
      AUTHOR = {Knoeferle, Pia and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {The coordinated interplay of scene, utterance, and world knowledge: evidence from eye tracking},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive Science},
      VOLUME = {30},
      PAGES = {481-529}
}
216 Add to my selection
@Article{KJ2006,
      AUTHOR = {Koreman, Jacques},
      TITLE = {Perceived speech rate: the effects of articulation rate and speaking style in spontaneous speech},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
      VOLUME = {119},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {582-596}
}
217 Add to my selection
@Article{PBM2006,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J. and Moringlane, Jean Richard},
      TITLE = {Stimmprofildifferenzierung zu männlichen und weiblichen Normalstimmen auf der Grundlage akustischer Analysen},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {Laryngol-Rhino-Otol 85},
      PAGES = {1-8}
}
218 Add to my selection
@Article{mayst2006,
      AUTHOR = {Mayberry, Marshall R. and Stock, O. and Wahlster, Wolfgang},
      TITLE = {Intelligent Interactive Entertainment Grand Challenges},
      YEAR = {2006},
      JOURNAL = {IEEE Intelligent Systems},
      VOLUME = {21},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {14-18}
}
219 Add to my selection
@Article{WaKrScBa2007,
      AUTHOR = {Wahlster, Wolfgang and Kröner, A. and Schneider, M. and Baus, J.},
      TITLE = {Sharing Memories of Smart Products and Their Consumers in Instrumented Environments},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {it - Information Technology},
      VOLUME = {50},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {45-50},
      NOTE = {WW}
}
220 Add to my selection
@Article{MeTr2007,
      AUTHOR = {Mehlhorn, Grit and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Sensibilisierung von Lernenden für fremdsprachliche Prosodie},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für interkulturellen Fremdsprachenunterricht},
      VOLUME = {12},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {1-25},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
221 Add to my selection
@Article{StWeLeSh2007,
      AUTHOR = {Strange, W. and Weber, Andrea and Levy, E. and Shafiro, V.},
      TITLE = {Acoustic variability of German, French, and American vowel: Effects of phonetic context},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the Acoustical Society of America},
      VOLUME = {122},
      PAGES = {1111-1129},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
222 Add to my selection
@Article{PuBaMo2007,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J. and Moringlane, Jean Richard},
      TITLE = {Effect of deep brain stimulation on different speech subsystems in patients with multiple sclerosis},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {Journal Voice},
      VOLUME = {21},
      NUMBER = {6},
      PAGES = {741-753},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
223 Add to my selection
@Article{PaLa2007,
      AUTHOR = {Pado, Sebastian and Lapata, Mirella},
      TITLE = {Dependency-based Construction of Semantic Space Models},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Linquistics},
      VOLUME = {33},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {161-199},
      NOTE = {MP}
}
224 Add to my selection
@Article{KrYeJeCh2007,
      AUTHOR = {Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Zender, Hendrik and Jensfelt, Patric and Christensen, Henrik},
      TITLE = {Situated Dialogue and Spatial Organization: What, Where... and Why?},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, Special Issue on Human and Robot Interactive Communication},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PDF = {http://www.coli.uni-saarland.de/publications/intern/uploads/pdf/kruijff_etal07-jars.pdf},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
225 Add to my selection
@Article{KnCr2007a,
      AUTHOR = {Knoeferle, Pia and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {The influence of recent scene events on spoken comprehension: evidence from eye-movements. .},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Memory and Language (Special Issue: Language-Vision Interaction},
      VOLUME = {57},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {519-543},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
226 Add to my selection
@Article{FrKrXuUsCrSc2007,
      AUTHOR = {Frank, Anette and Krieger, Hans-Ulrich and Xu, Feiyu and Uszkoreit, Hans and Crysmann, Berthold and Schäfer, Ulrich},
      TITLE = {Question Answering from Structured Knowledge Sources},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Applied Logics, Special Issue on Questions and Answers: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives},
      VOLUME = {5},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {20-48},
      NOTE = {HU, MP}
}
227 Add to my selection
@Article{ShLiXuUsz2007,
      AUTHOR = {Shen, Jia-Yi and Li, Hong and Xu, Feiyu and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Recognition of Chinese Organization Names and Abbreviations},
      YEAR = {2007},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Chinese Information Processing},
      VOLUME = {21},
      PAGES = {17-21},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
228 Add to my selection
@Article{BuPeThPi2009,
      AUTHOR = {Burchardt, Aljoscha and Pennacchiotti, Marco and Thater, Stefan and Pinkal, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Assessing the impact of frame semantics on textual entailment},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Natural language engineering},
      VOLUME = {15},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {527-550},
      NOTE = {MP}
}
229 Add to my selection
@Article{PaCrKe2009,
      AUTHOR = {Pado, Ulrike and Crocker, Matthew W. and Keller, Frank},
      TITLE = {A probabilistic model of semantic plausibility in sentence processing},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive science},
      VOLUME = {33},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {794-838},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
230 Add to my selection
@Article{KnCr2009,
      AUTHOR = {Knoeferle, Pia and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Constituent order and semantic parallelism in online comprehension : eye-tracking evidence from German},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology},
      VOLUME = {62},
      NUMBER = {12},
      PAGES = {2338-2371},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
231 Add to my selection
@Article{ClKe2009,
      AUTHOR = {Claus, Berry and Kelter, Stephanie},
      TITLE = {Embodied language comprehension : the processing of spatial information during reading and listening},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Advances in psychology research},
      VOLUME = {59},
      PAGES = {1-44},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
232 Add to my selection
@Article{JaPyNi2009,
      AUTHOR = {Järvikivi, Juhani and Pyykkönen, Pirita and Jussi, Niemi},
      TITLE = {Exploiting degrees of inflectional ambiguity : stem form and the time course of morphological processing},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of experimental psychology: Learning, memory, and cognition},
      VOLUME = {35},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {221-235},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
233 Add to my selection
@Article{MaCrKn2009,
      AUTHOR = {Mayberry, Marshall R. and Crocker, Matthew W. and Knoeferle, Pia},
      TITLE = {Learning to attend : a connectionist model of situated language comprehension},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive Science},
      VOLUME = {33},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {449-496},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
234 Add to my selection
@Article{FaCr2008,
      AUTHOR = {Farkas, Igor and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Syntactic systematicity in sentence processing with a recurrent self-organizing network},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Neurocomputing},
      VOLUME = {71},
      PAGES = {1172-1179},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
235 Add to my selection
@Article{KnHaCrMu2008,
      AUTHOR = {Knoeferle, Pia and Habets, Boukje and Crocker, Matthew W. and Münte, Thomas F.},
      TITLE = {Visual scenes trigger immediate syntactic reanalysis : evidence from ERPs during situated spoken comprehension},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Cerebral cortex},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {789-795},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
236 Add to my selection
@Article{RiLe2008a,
      AUTHOR = {Rieser, Verena and Lemon, Oliver},
      TITLE = {Does this list contain what you were searching for? : learning adaptive dialogue strategies for interactive question answering},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Natural language engineering: Special issue on interactive question answering},
      VOLUME = {15},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {55-72},
      NOTE = {MP}
}
237 Add to my selection
@Article{KuMcRaKlGaLi2009,
      AUTHOR = {Kumatani, K. and McDonough, J. and Rauch, Barbara and Klakow, Dietrich and Garner N, Philip and Li, Weifeng},
      TITLE = {Beamforming with a maximum negentropy criterion},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {IEEE transactions on audio, speech and language processing},
      VOLUME = {17},
      NUMBER = {5},
      PAGES = {994-1008},
      NOTE = {DK}
}
238 Add to my selection
@Article{FaMcKl2009a,
      AUTHOR = {Faubel, Friedrich and McDonough, J. and Klakow, Dietrich},
      TITLE = {The split and merge unscented Gaussian mixture filter},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {IEEE signal processing letters},
      VOLUME = {16},
      NUMBER = {9},
      PAGES = {786-789},
      NOTE = {DK}
}
239 Add to my selection
@Article{CrKnMa2010,
      AUTHOR = {Crocker, Matthew W. and Knoeferle, Pia and Mayberry, Marshall R.},
      TITLE = {Situated Sentence Comprehension: The Coordinated Interplay Account and a Neurobehavioral Model.},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Brain and Language},
      VOLUME = {112},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {189-201},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
240 Add to my selection
@Article{SpLa2008,
      AUTHOR = {Sporleder, Caroline and Lascarides, Alex},
      TITLE = {Using automatically labelled examples to classify rhetorical relations : an assessment},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Natural language engineering},
      VOLUME = {14},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {369-416},
      NOTE = {CS, MP}
}
241 Add to my selection
@Article{BaKoVi2009,
      AUTHOR = {Baldwin, Timothy and Kordoni, Valia and Villavicencio, Aline},
      TITLE = {Prepositions in applications : a survey and introduction to the special issue},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Computational linguistics},
      VOLUME = {35},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {119-149},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
242 Add to my selection
@Article{KnCrPu2010,
      AUTHOR = {Knoeferle, Pia and Crocker, Matthew W. and Pulvermuller, Friedemann},
      TITLE = {Special Issue on: Embodied language processing: neuroimaging, behavioural, and neurocomputational perspectives.},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Brain and Language},
      VOLUME = {112},
      NUMBER = {3},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
243 Add to my selection
@Article{GaGrKePuSa2009,
      AUTHOR = {Gargett, Andrew and Gregoromichelaki, Eleni and Kempson, Ruth and Purver, Matthew and Sato, Yo},
      TITLE = {Grammar resources for modelling dialogue dynamically},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive neurodynamics},
      VOLUME = {3},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {347-363},
      NOTE = {AK}
}
244 Add to my selection
@Article{BoErSp2009,
      AUTHOR = {Van den Bosch, Antal and Van Erp, Marieke and Sporleder, Caroline},
      TITLE = {Making a clean sweep of cultural heritage},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {IEEE intelligent systems},
      VOLUME = {24},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {54-63},
      NOTE = {CS}
}
245 Add to my selection
@Article{Ne2008,
      AUTHOR = {Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {A computational linguistics perspective on the anticipatory drive : commentary on the target article by Martin v. Butz},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Constructivist foundations},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {26-28},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
246 Add to my selection
@Article{FiNe2008a,
      AUTHOR = {Figueroa, Alejandro and Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {Genetic algorithms for data-driven web question answering},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Evolutionary computation},
      VOLUME = {16},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {89-125},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
247 Add to my selection
@Article{FaAlSt2010,
      AUTHOR = {Fazly, Afsaneh and Alishahi, Afra and Stevenson, Suzanne},
      TITLE = {A probabilistic computational model of cross-situational word learning. (to appear)},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive Science},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
248 Add to my selection
@Article{AlSt2010,
      AUTHOR = {Alishahi, Afra and Stevenson, Suzanne},
      TITLE = {Learning general properties of semantic roles from uasge data: a computational model.},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Cognitive Processes},
      VOLUME = {25},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {50-93},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
249 Add to my selection
@Article{Re2010,
      AUTHOR = {Rehbein, Ines},
      TITLE = {Der Einfluss der Dependenzgrammatik auf die Computerlinguistik (in press)},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für Germanistische Linguistik (ZGL)},
      NOTE = {MP}
}
250 Add to my selection
@Article{PyMaJä2010,
      AUTHOR = {Pyykkönen, Pirita and Matthews, D. and Järvikivi, Juhani},
      TITLE = {Three-year-olds are sensitive to semantic prominence during online language comprehension: A visual world study of pronoun resolution},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Cognitive Processes},
      VOLUME = {25},
      PAGES = {115-129},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
251 Add to my selection
@Article{PyHyVa2010,
      AUTHOR = {Pyykkönen, Pirita and Hyönä, J. and Van Gompel, Roger P.G.},
      TITLE = {Activating gender stereotypes during online spoken language processing: Evidence from visual world eye tracking.},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Experimental Psychology},
      VOLUME = {57},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {126-133},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
252 Add to my selection
@Article{PyJä2010,
      AUTHOR = {Pyykkönen, Pirita and Järvikivi, Juhani},
      TITLE = {Activation and persistence of implicit causality information in spoken language comprehension.},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Experimental Psychology},
      VOLUME = {57},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {5-16},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
253 Add to my selection
@Article{KoNo2010,
      AUTHOR = {Kordoni, Valia and van Noord, Gertjan},
      TITLE = {Passives in Germanic Languages: the case of Dutch and German},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Groninger Arbeiten zur Germanistischen Linguistik (GAGL), December 2009},
      VOLUME = {49},
      PAGES = {77-96},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
254 Add to my selection
@Article{KoPe2010,
      AUTHOR = {Koller, Alexander and Petrick, Ronald},
      TITLE = {Experiences with Planning for Natural Language Generation.(to appear)},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Computational Intelligence},
      NOTE = {AK}
}
255 Add to my selection
@Article{Sp2010,
      AUTHOR = {Sporleder, Caroline},
      TITLE = {Natural Language Processing for Cultural Heritage Domains (to appear)},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Language and Linguistics Compass},
      BOOKTITLE = {Language and Linguistics Compass (to appear)},
      NOTE = {CS}
}
256 Add to my selection
@Article{Py2010b,
      AUTHOR = {Pyykkönen, Pirita},
      TITLE = {Merkitysyhteyksien aktivoituminen puhutussa kielessä [Engl. Activation of semantic inferences in spoken language] (to appear)},
      YEAR = {2010},
      JOURNAL = {Psykologia},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
257 Add to my selection
@Article{WBBAJK2009,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Andreeva, Bistra and Koreman, Jacques},
      TITLE = {Do rhythm measures reflect perceived rhythm?},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica. - 66. 2009, 1/2, S. 78-94},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
258 Add to my selection
@Article{WBJT2009,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Do we need a symbol for a central open vowel? : the discussion so far and a reply to Daniel Recasens and Martin Ball},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetic Association. - 39. 2009, 3, S. 365-366 },
      NOTE = {WB}
}
259 Add to my selection
@Article{IHSDAMJTHA2009a,
      AUTHOR = {Hertrich, Ingo and Dietrich, Susanne and Moos, Anja and Trouvain, Jürgen and Ackermann, Hermann},
      TITLE = {Enhanced speech perception capabilities in a blind listener are associated with activation of fusiform gyrus and primary visual cortex},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Neurocase. - 15. 2009, 2, S. 163-170},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
260 Add to my selection
@Article{RMBAWB2009,
      AUTHOR = {Marti, Roland and Andreeva, Bistra and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Korpora bedrohter Sprachen als eierlegende Wollmilchsau? : das Beispiel GENIE},
      YEAR = {2009},
      JOURNAL = {Fortschritte in Sprach- und Textkorpusdesign und linguistischer Korpusanalyse II.},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
261 Add to my selection
@Article{WBJT2008a,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Do we need a symbol for a central open vowel?},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetic Association. - 38. 2008, 3, S. 349-357 },
      NOTE = {WB}
}
262 Add to my selection
@Article{MPWBJRM2008a,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J. and Moringlane, Jean Richard},
      TITLE = {Effect of bilateral stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus on different speech subsystems in patients with Parkinson´s disease},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Clinical linguistics & phonetics. - 22. 2008, 12, S. 957-973},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
263 Add to my selection
@Article{MPWB2008a,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Instrumental dimensioning of normal and pathological phonation using acoustic measurements},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Clinical linguistics & phonetics. - 22. 2008, 6, S. 407-420},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
264 Add to my selection
@Article{WBMR2008a,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Russo, Michela},
      TITLE = {Measuring rhythm : a quantified analysis of southern Italian dialects stress-time parameters},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Language design : journal of theoretical and experimental linguistics. - 9. 2008, Spec. Issue 2, S. 315-322},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
265 Add to my selection
@Article{WBJT2008b,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Ocke-Schwen Bohn, Murray J. Munro (eds): Language experience in second language speech learning : in honor of James Emil Flege [Rezension]},
      YEAR = {2008},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica. - 65. 2008, 4, S. 272-276},
      NOTE = {WB}
}
266 Add to my selection
@Article{StKr2012,
      AUTHOR = {Stachowicz, Dennis and Kruijff, Geert-Jan M.},
      TITLE = {Episodic-like memory for cognitive robots},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {IEEE transactions on autonomous mental development},
      VOLUME = {4. 2012},
      PAGES = {1-16},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
267 Add to my selection
@Article{FeSp2011,
      AUTHOR = {Ferrández, Óscar and Spurk, Christian and Kouylekov, Milena and Dornescu, Iustin and Ferrández, Sergio and Negri, Matteo and Izquierdo, Rubén and Tomas, David and Orasan, Constantin and Neumann, Günter and Magnini, Bernardo and Vicedo, Jose Luis},
      TITLE = {The QALL-ME Framework : a specifiable-domain multilingual question answering architecture},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Web semantics : science, services and agents on the World Wide Web},
      VOLUME = {9},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {137–145},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
268 Add to my selection
@Article{WoWi2011b,
      AUTHOR = {Wolska, Magdalena and Wilske, Sabrina},
      TITLE = {Meaning versus form in computer-assisted task-based language learning : a case study on the German dative},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Journal for language technology and computational linguistics},
      VOLUME = {26},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {23-37},
      NOTE = {MP}
}
269 Add to my selection
@Article{Bar211,
      AUTHOR = {Barreiro, Anabela and Scott, Bernard and Kasper, Walter and Kiefer, Bernd},
      TITLE = {OpenLogos machine translation : philosophy, model, resources and customization},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Machine translation},
      VOLUME = {25},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {107-126}
}
270 Add to my selection
@Article{PoGh2011a,
      AUTHOR = {Povey, Dan and Ghoshal, Arnab},
      TITLE = {The subspace Gaussian mixture model - a structured model for speech recognition},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Computer speech and language},
      VOLUME = {25},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {404–439},
      NOTE = {DK}
}
271 Add to my selection
@Article{LuGhRe2011a,
      AUTHOR = {Lu, Liang and Ghoshal, Arnab and Renals, Steve},
      TITLE = {Regularized subspace Gaussian mixture models for speech recognition},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {IEEE signal processing letters},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {7},
      PAGES = {419-422},
      NOTE = {DK}
}
272 Add to my selection
@Article{Dü2011,
      AUTHOR = {Dünges, Petra},
      TITLE = {Arabic children´s literature today : determining factors and tendencies},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Publications of the Modern Language Association of America},
      VOLUME = {126},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {170-181},
      ABSTRACT = {In spite of great obstacles, modern Arabic children's literature has seen remarkable developments lately, both in quality of text and illustrations and in breadth of subject matter. Moreover, the intricate question of which variety of Arabic to use in writing for children can now be answered in different ways, closely linked to different conceptions of Arab culture. In this essay, I discuss children's fiction published in the last twenty years in the Arab world that is, in the League of Arab States. This area shows great political and socioeconomic diversity but is unified through culture and not least through the Arabic language. I am mainly interested in books originally written in Arabic, but I also take a look at Arab children's literature in foreign languages. Translations into Arabic and children's magazines I only mention in passing.},
      NOTE = {MP}
}
273 Add to my selection
@Article{ReUs2011,
      AUTHOR = {Rehm, Georg and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Multilingual Europe : a challenge for language tech},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {MultiLingual : language, technology, business. April - May},
      VOLUME = {22},
      PAGES = {51-52}
}
274 Add to my selection
@Article{WeEgKo2011,
      AUTHOR = {Webber, Bonnie and Egg, Markus and Kordoni, Valia},
      TITLE = {Discourse structure and language technology},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Natural language engineering. DOI:10.1017/S1351324911000337 [Elektronische Ressource]}
}
275 Add to my selection
@Article{BAKo2011a,
      AUTHOR = {Baldwin, Timothy and Kordoni, Valia},
      TITLE = {The interaction between linguistics and computational linguistics : virtuous, vicious or vacuous?},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Linguistic issues in language technology. [Elektronische Ressource]},
      VOLUME = {6},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {1-5}
}
276 Add to my selection
@Article{StCr2011a,
      AUTHOR = {Staudte, Maria and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Investigating joint attention mechanisms through spoken human–robot interaction},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition},
      VOLUME = {120},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {268-291}
}
277 Add to my selection
@Article{VaDr2011,
      AUTHOR = {Vasishth, Shravan and Drenhaus, Heiner},
      TITLE = {Locality in German},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Dialogue & discourse},
      VOLUME = {2},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {59-82},
      NOTE = {[Elektronsiche Ressource]}
}
278 Add to my selection
@Article{DreVa2011,
      AUTHOR = {Drenhaus, Heiner and Zimmermann, Malte and Vasishth, Shravan},
      TITLE = {Exhaustiveness effects in clefts are not truth-functional},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of neurolinguistics},
      VOLUME = {24},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {320-337}
}
279 Add to my selection
@Article{JaePy2011,
      AUTHOR = {Järvikivi, Juhani and Pyykkönen, Pirita},
      TITLE = {Sub- and supralexical information in early phases of lexical access},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Frontiers in psychology},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {Article 282},
      NOTE = {[Elektronische Ressource]}
}
280 Add to my selection
@Article{Reh2012,
      AUTHOR = {Rehbein, Ines and Ruppenhofer, Josef and Sporleder, Caroline},
      TITLE = {Is it worth the effort? : assessing the benefits of partial automatic pre-labeling for frame-semantic annotation},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Language resources and evaluation},
      VOLUME = {46},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {1-23}
}
281 Add to my selection
@Article{Dem2011a,
      AUTHOR = {Demberg, Vera and Winterboer, Andi and Moore, Johanna D.},
      TITLE = {A strategy for information presentation in spoken dialog systems},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Computational linguistics},
      VOLUME = {37},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {489-539}
}
282 Add to my selection
@Article{Trou2011a,
      AUTHOR = {Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Kunz, R. & Vòllono, M.: Nordwörter und Südwörter im Saar-Mosel-Raum : alte Wortschichten in Toponymen eines exemplarischen Interferenzraumes. Saarbrücken, 2009. (Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Saarländische Landesgeschichte und Volksforschung; 42)},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für die Geschichte der Saargegend},
      VOLUME = {59},
      PAGES = {221-224}
}
283 Add to my selection
@Article{Trou2011b,
      AUTHOR = {Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Krech, Eva-Maria ; Stock, Eberhard ; Hirschfeld, Ursula & Anders, Lutz Christian (2009), Deutsches Aussprachewörterbuch. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter [Rezension]},
      YEAR = {2011},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für interkulturellen Fremdsprachenunterricht},
      VOLUME = {16},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {86-91}
}
284 Add to my selection
@Article{AliFa2012,
      AUTHOR = {Alishahi, Afra and Fazly, Afsaneh and Köhne, Judith and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Sentence-based attentional mechanisms in word learning : evidence from a computational model},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Frontiers in psychology},
      VOLUME = {3},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
285 Add to my selection
@Article{PalSp2012,
      AUTHOR = {Palmer, Alexis and Sporleder, Caroline and Li, Linlin},
      TITLE = {So to speak : a computational and empirical investigation of lexical cohesion of non-literal and literal expressions in text},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Discours [En ligne], 11 | 2012, mis en ligne le 23 décembre 2012, consulté le 18 juillet 2013}
}
286 Add to my selection
@Article{HoMe2012,
      AUTHOR = {Horacek, Helmut and Métais, Elisabeth and Muñoz, Rafael and Wolska, Magdalena},
      TITLE = {Applications of natural language to information systems},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Data & Knowledge Engineering Journal},
      VOLUME = {74},
      PAGES = {62}
}
287 Add to my selection
@Article{MoeMöb2012,
      AUTHOR = {Moers, Cornelia and Möbius, Bernd and Rosanowski, Frank and Nöth, Elmar and Eysholdt, Ulrich and Haderlein, Tino},
      TITLE = {Vowel- and text-based cepstral analysis of chronic hoarseness},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of voice},
      VOLUME = {26},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {416-424}
}
288 Add to my selection
@Article{Tro2012,
      AUTHOR = {Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Review of Russ, C.V.J.2010. The Sounds of German. Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
      BOOKTITLE = {Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
      VOLUME = {42},
      PAGES = {211-213}
}
289 Add to my selection
@Article{WeCro2012,
      AUTHOR = {Weber, Andrea and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {On the nature of semantic constraints on lexical access},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of psycholinguistic research},
      VOLUME = {41},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {195-214},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
290 Add to my selection
@Article{SvaFar2012,
      AUTHOR = {Svantner, Jan and Farkas, Igor and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Modeling utterance-driven visual attention during situated comprehension},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Neural network world},
      VOLUME = {22},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {85-101},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
291 Add to my selection
@Article{DreGra2012,
      AUTHOR = {Drenhaus, Heiner and Beim Graben, Peter},
      TITLE = {Ereigniskorrelierte Potenziale (EKPs)},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für germanistische Linguistik},
      VOLUME = {40},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {1-30},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
292 Add to my selection
@Article{GraDre2012,
      AUTHOR = {Beim Graben, Peter and Drenhaus, Heiner},
      TITLE = {Computationelle Neurolinguistik},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Zeitschrift für germanistische Linguistik},
      VOLUME = {40},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {97-125},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
293 Add to my selection
@Article{Pyyk2012,
      AUTHOR = {Pyykkönen, Pirita},
      TITLE = {Esipuhe : neurolingvistisiä tutkimussuuntauksia},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Puhe ja kieli = Tal och språk = Speech and language},
      VOLUME = {32},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {54-58},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
294 Add to my selection
@Article{PyykJae2012,
      AUTHOR = {Pyykkönen, Pirita and Järvikivi, Juhani},
      TITLE = {Children and situation models of multiple events},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Developmental psychology},
      VOLUME = {48},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {521-529},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
295 Add to my selection
@Article{RuppGold2012,
      AUTHOR = {Ruppenhofer, Josef and Lee-Goldman, Russell and Sporleder, Caroline and Morante, Roser},
      TITLE = {Beyond sentence-level semantic role labeling : linking argument structures in discourse},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Language resources and evaluation},
      NOTE = {sonst. Mitarbeiter}
}
296 Add to my selection
@Article{MorSpor2012a,
      AUTHOR = {Morante, Roser and Sporleder, Caroline},
      TITLE = {Modality and negation : an introduction to the special issue},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Computational linguistics},
      VOLUME = {38},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {223-260},
      NOTE = {sonst. Mitarbeiter}
}
297 Add to my selection
@Article{Schae2012,
      AUTHOR = {Schäfer, Ulrich},
      TITLE = {Satzsemantische Suche – präziser finden mit der TAKE Searchbench},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {DOK : Technologien, Strategien & Services für das digitale Dokument},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {28-31},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
298 Add to my selection
@Article{SchaeWol2012,
      AUTHOR = {Schäfer, Ulrich and Wolska, Magdalena},
      TITLE = {Automatische Terminologie-, Taxonomie- und Glossarextraktion},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {DOK : Technologien, Strategien & Services für das digitale Dokument},
      NUMBER = {6},
      PAGES = {62-65},
      NOTE = {HU, MP}
}
299 Add to my selection
@Article{XuSchm2012a,
      AUTHOR = {Xu, Feiyu and Schmeier, Sven and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Yocoy : mobile multilingual technologies for overcoming communication barriers},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Künstliche Intelligenz : KI},
      VOLUME = {26},
      NUMBER = {3},
      PAGES = {309-312},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
300 Add to my selection
@Article{LiZha2012,
      AUTHOR = {Li, Hong and Zhang, Yi and Xu, Feiyu and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Simple ontologies for practical information extraction and advanced information extraction for practical ontologies},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Dangdai-yuyanxue : jikan = Contemporary linguistics},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {2012},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
301 Add to my selection
@Article{XuLi2012,
      AUTHOR = {Xu, Feiyu and Li, Hong and Zhang, Yi and Uszkoreit, Hans and Krause, Sebastian},
      TITLE = {Parse reranking for domain-adaptative relation extraction},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of logic and computation},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
302 Add to my selection
@Article{SimOse2012,
      AUTHOR = {Simov, K. and Osenova, Petya and Laskova, Laska and Kancheva, Stanislava and Savkov, Aleksandar and Wang, Rui},
      TITLE = {HPSG-based Bulgarian-English statistical machine translation},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Littera et lingua},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
303 Add to my selection
@Article{YaoBou2012,
      AUTHOR = {Yao, Xuchen and Bouma, Gosse and Zhang, Yi},
      TITLE = {Semantics-based question generation and implementation},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Dialogue & discourse},
      VOLUME = {3},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {11-42},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
304 Add to my selection
@Article{KaspVel2012b,
      AUTHOR = {Kasper, Walter and Vela, Mihaela},
      TITLE = {Sentiment analysis for hotel reviews},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Speech technology},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {96-109}
}
305 Add to my selection
@Article{KruiJani2012a,
      AUTHOR = {Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Janíček, Miroslav and Zender, Hendrik},
      TITLE = {Situated communication for joint activity in human-robot teams},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {IEEE intelligent systems},
      VOLUME = {27},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {27-35},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
306 Add to my selection
@Article{WebbEgg2012,
      AUTHOR = {Webber, Bonnie and Egg, Markus and Kordoni, Valia},
      TITLE = {Discourse structure and language technology},
      YEAR = {2012},
      JOURNAL = {Natural language engineering},
      VOLUME = {18},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {437-490},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
307 Add to my selection
@Article{WieKle2013,
      AUTHOR = {Wiegand, Michael and Klenner, Manfred and Klakow, Dietrich},
      TITLE = {Bootstrapping polarity classifiers with rule-based classification},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {Language resources and evaluation},
      VOLUME = {47},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {1049-1088},
      NOTE = {DK}
}
308 Add to my selection
@Article{SchKie2013,
      AUTHOR = {Schäfer, Ulrich and Kiefer, Bernd and Spurk, Christian and Steffen, Jörg and Wang, Rui and Weitz, Benjamin and Wolska, Magdalena},
      TITLE = {The Searchbench - combining sentence-semantic, full-text and bibliographic search in digital libraries},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {LIBER Quarterly Journal},
      VOLUME = {22},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {285-309},
      NOTE = {HU, MP}
}
309 Add to my selection
@Article{GilTro2013,
      AUTHOR = {Gilles, Peter and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Luxembourgish},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of the International Phonetic Association},
      VOLUME = {43},
      PAGES = {67-74},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
310 Add to my selection
@Article{BraTro2013,
      AUTHOR = {Brackhane, Fabian and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {On the similarity of tones of the organ stop vox humana to human vowels},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {The Phonetician},
      VOLUME = {107/108},
      PAGES = {7-20},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
311 Add to my selection
@Article{SzeSte2013,
      AUTHOR = {Székely, Éva and Steiner, Ingmar and Ahmed, Zeeshan and Carson-Berndsen, Julie},
      TITLE = {Facial expression-based affective speech translation},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {Journal on multimodal user interfaces},
      NOTE = {sonst. Mitarbeiter}
}
312 Add to my selection
@Article{PaNoh2013,
      AUTHOR = {Pado, Sebastian and Noh, Tae-Gil and Stern, Asher and Wang, Rui and Zanoli, Roberto},
      TITLE = {Design and realization of a modular architecture for textual entailment},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {Natural language engineering},
      PAGES = {1-34},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
313 Add to my selection
@Article{HenMer2013,
      AUTHOR = {Henderson, James and Merlo, Paola and Titov, Ivan and Musillo, Gabriele},
      TITLE = {Multilingual joint parsing of syntactic and semantic dependencies with a latent variable model},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {Computational linguistics},
      VOLUME = {39},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {949-998},
      NOTE = {sonst. Mitarbeiter}
}
314 Add to my selection
@Article{DemKell2013,
      AUTHOR = {Demberg, Vera and Keller, Frank and Koller, Alexander},
      TITLE = {Incremental, predictive parsing with psycholinguistically motivated tree-adjoining grammar},
      YEAR = {2013},
      JOURNAL = {Computational linguistics},
      VOLUME = {39},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {1025-1066},
      NOTE = {sonst. Mitarbeiter}
}
315 Add to my selection
@Article{StaCro2014,
      AUTHOR = {Staudte, Maria and Crocker, Matthew W. and Heloir, Alexis and Kipp, Michael},
      TITLE = {The influence of speaker gaze on listener comprehension: Contrasting visual versus intentional accounts},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition},
      VOLUME = {133},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {317-328}
}
316 Add to my selection
@Article{SzeSte2014,
      AUTHOR = {Székely, Éva and Steiner, Ingmar and Ahmed, Zeeshan and Carson-Berndsen, Julie},
      TITLE = {Facial expression-based affective speech translation},
      YEAR = {2014},
      MONTH = {March},
      JOURNAL = {Journal on Multimodal User Interfaces},
      VOLUME = {8},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {87-96}
}
317 Add to my selection
@Article{FigNeu2014,
      AUTHOR = {Figueroa, Alejandro and Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {Category-specific models for ranking effective paraphrases in community Question Answering},
      YEAR = {2014},
      MONTH = {August},
      JOURNAL = {Expert Systems With Applications},
      VOLUME = {41},
      NUMBER = {10},
      PAGES = {4730-4742}
}
318 Add to my selection
@Article{KruKr2014,
      AUTHOR = {Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Kruijff-Korbayova, Ivana and Keshavdas, Shanker and Larochelle, Benoit and Janíček, Miroslav and Christensen, Henrik and Liu, Ming and Pomerleau, Francois and Siegwart, Roland and Neerincx, Mark and Looije, Rosemarijn and Smets, Nanja and Mioch, Tina and Diggelen, Jurriaan van and Pirri, Fiora and Gianni, Mario and Ferri, Federico and Menna, Matteo and Worst, Rainer and Linder, Thorsten and Tretyakov, Viatcheslav and Surmann, H. and Svoboda, Tomas and Reinstein, M. and Zimmermann, Karel and Petricek, Tomas and Hlavac, V.},
      TITLE = {Designing, developing, and deploying systems to support human-robot teams in disaster response},
      YEAR = {2014},
      MONTH = {December},
      JOURNAL = {Advanced Robotics},
      VOLUME = {28},
      NUMBER = {23},
      PAGES = {1547-1570}
}
319 Add to my selection
@Article{PopEle2014,
      AUTHOR = {Popovic, Maja and Avramidis, Eleftherios and Burchardt, Aljoscha and Hunsicker, Sabine and Schmeier, Sven and Tscherwinka, Cindy and Vilar, David and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Involving language professionals in the evaluation of machine translation},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Journal on Language Resources and Evaluation},
      VOLUME = {48},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {541-559}
}
320 Add to my selection
@Article{BurLom2014,
      AUTHOR = {Burchardt, Aljoscha and Lommel, Arle Richard and Rehm, Georg and Sasaki, Felix and van Genabith, Josef and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Language Technology Drives Quality Translation},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {MultiLingual},
      VOLUME = {143},
      PAGES = {33-39}
}
321 Add to my selection
@Article{GamCav2014,
      AUTHOR = {Gambi, Chiara and Van de Cavey, Joris and Pickering, Martin J.},
      TITLE = {Interference in joint picture naming},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
322 Add to my selection
@Article{ReppDren2014,
      AUTHOR = {Repp, Sophie and Drenhaus, Heiner},
      TITLE = {Intonation influences processing and recall of left-dislocation sentences by indicating topic vs. focus status of dislocated referent},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Language, Cognition and Neuroscience},
      PAGES = {1-23},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
323 Add to my selection
@Article{GarrGam2014,
      AUTHOR = {Garrod, Simon and Gambi, Chiara and Pickering, Martin J.},
      TITLE = {Prediction at all levels: forward model predictions can enhance comprehension},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience},
      VOLUME = {29},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {46-48},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
324 Add to my selection
@Article{StauCrock2014,
      AUTHOR = {Staudte, Maria and Crocker, Matthew W. and Heloir, Alexis and Kipp, Michael},
      TITLE = {The influence of speaker gaze on listener comprehension: Contrasting visual versus intentional accounts},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Cognition},
      VOLUME = {133},
      PAGES = {317-328},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
325 Add to my selection
@Article{PetBunt2014,
      AUTHOR = {Petukhova, Volha and Bunt, Harry},
      TITLE = {Incremental Recognition and Prediction of Dialogue Acts},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Computing Meaning},
      VOLUME = {4},
      NOTE = {DK}
}
326 Add to my selection
@Article{ZimmReet2014,
      AUTHOR = {Zimmerer, Frank and Reetz, Henning},
      TITLE = {Do listeners recover ›deleted‹ final /t/ in German?},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Frontiers in Psychology },
      VOLUME = {5},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
327 Add to my selection
@Article{SamMoeb2014,
      AUTHOR = {Samlowski, Barbara and Möbius, Bernd and Wagner, Petra},
      TITLE = {Phonetic detail in German syllable pronunciation: influences of prosody and grammar},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Frontiers in Psychology},
      VOLUME = {5},
      PAGES = {1-10},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
328 Add to my selection
@Article{ZimmScha2014,
      AUTHOR = {Zimmerer, Frank and Scharinger, Mathias and Reetz, Henning},
      TITLE = {Phonological and Morphological constraints on German /t/-deletion},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Phonetics },
      VOLUME = {45},
      PAGES = {64-75},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
329 Add to my selection
@Article{PuetWoku2014,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Wokurek, Wolfgang},
      TITLE = {Stimmprofile zur Normalstimme auf der Grundlage akustischer und elektroglottographischer Analysen},
      YEAR = {2014},
      JOURNAL = {Laryngo-Rhino-Otologie },
      NOTE = {BM}
}
330 Add to my selection
@Article{CroDemTei2016,
      AUTHOR = {Crocker, Matthew W. and Demberg, Vera and Teich, Elke},
      TITLE = {Information Density and Linguistic Encoding (IDeaL)},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Künstliche Intelligenz : KI},
      VOLUME = {30},
      NUMBER = {1},
      PAGES = {77-81},
      NOTE = {MC, VD}
}
331 Add to my selection
@Article{HarCro2016,
      AUTHOR = {Brouwer, Harm and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {On the Organization of the Perisylvian Cortex: Insights from the Electrophysiology of Language. Comment on Towards a Computational Comparative Neuroprimatology: Framing the language-ready brain by M.A. Arbib},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Physics of Life Reviews},
      VOLUME = {16},
      PAGES = {58-60},
      NOTE = {MC}
}
332 Add to my selection
@Article{GaStaKoCro2016,
      AUTHOR = {Garoufi, Konstantina and Staudte, Maria and Koller, Alexander and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Exploiting listener gaze to improve situated communication in dynamic virtual environments.},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Cognitive Science},
      VOLUME = {40},
      NUMBER = {7},
      PAGES = {1671-1703},
      NOTE = {sonst. Mitarbeiter, AK, MC}
}
333 Add to my selection
@Article{PueWoMo2016,
      AUTHOR = {Pützer, Manfred and Wokurek, Wolfgang and Moringlane, Jean Richard},
      TITLE = {Evaluation of Phonatory Behavior and Voice Quality in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis Treated with Deep Brain Stimulation},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Voice},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
334 Add to my selection
@Article{AnBaKo2016,
      AUTHOR = {Andreeva, Bistra and Barry, William J. and Koreman, Jacques},
      TITLE = {Local and Global Cues in the Prosodic Realization of Broad and Narrow Focus in Bulgarian.},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Phonetica},
      VOLUME = {73},
      NUMBER = {3-4},
      PAGES = {256-278},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
335 Add to my selection
@Article{TrouZim2016,
      AUTHOR = {Trouvain, Jürgen and Zimmerer, Frank},
      TITLE = {Phonetische Lernerkorpora und ihr Nutzen im DaF-Bereich},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Deutsch als Fremdsprache},
      VOLUME = {53},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {204-212},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
336 Add to my selection
@Article{Trou2016a,
      AUTHOR = {Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Rezension zu ``Duden. Das Aussprachewörterbuch. 7., komplett überarb. u. aktual. Aufl. Bearb. von Stefan Kleiner und Ralf Knöbl in Zusammenarbeit mit der Dudenredaktion´´},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Deutsch als Fremdsprache},
      VOLUME = {53},
      NUMBER = {4},
      PAGES = {237-240},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
337 Add to my selection
@Article{Trou2016b,
      AUTHOR = {Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {Rezension zu ``Bose, I., Hirschfeld, U., Neuber, B. & Stock, E. 2013. Einführung in die Sprechwissenschaft. Phonetik, Rhetorik, Sprechkunst.´´},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Deutsch als Fremdsprache},
      VOLUME = {53},
      NUMBER = {2},
      PAGES = {121-123},
      NOTE = {BM}
}
338 Add to my selection
@Article{ZavSVoDe2016,
      AUTHOR = {Zarcone, Alessandra and Van Schijndel, Marten and Vogels, Jorrig and Demberg, Vera},
      TITLE = {Salience and attention in surprisal-based accounts of language processing},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Frontiers in Psychology},
      VOLUME = {7},
      NUMBER = {844},
      NOTE = {VD}
}
339 Add to my selection
@Article{DemSay2016,
      AUTHOR = {Demberg, Vera and Sayeed, Asad},
      TITLE = {The Frequency of Rapid Pupil Dilations as a Measure of Linguistic Processing Difficulty},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {PLoS ONE},
      VOLUME = {11},
      NUMBER = {1},
      NOTE = {VD}
}
340 Add to my selection
@Article{RuthDemXue2016,
      AUTHOR = {Rutherford, Attapol T. and Demberg, Vera and Xue, Niawen},
      TITLE = {Neural Network Models for Implicit Discourse Relation Classification in English and Chinese without Surface Features.},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {arXiv preprint},
      NUMBER = {1606.01990},
      NOTE = {VD}
}
341 Add to my selection
@Article{HPSWBR2016,
      AUTHOR = {Van Helvert, Joy and Petukhova, Volha and Stevens, Christopher and De Weerd, Harmen and Börner, Dirk and Van Rosmalen, Peter and Alexandersson, Jan and Taatgen, Niels},
      TITLE = {Observing Coaching and Reflecting: Metalogue - A Multi-modal Tutoring System with Metacognitive Abilities},
      YEAR = {2016},
      MONTH = {June},
      JOURNAL = {EAI Endorsed Transactions on Future Intelligent Educational Environments},
      VOLUME = {16},
      NUMBER = {6},
      NOTE = {DK}
}
342 Add to my selection
@Article{StauAlt2016,
      AUTHOR = {Staudte, Maria and Altmann, Gerry T.M.},
      TITLE = {Recalling what was where when seeing nothing there},
      YEAR = {2016},
      MONTH = {July},
      JOURNAL = {Psychonomic Bulletin and Review},
      PAGES = {1-8},
      NOTE = {sonst. Mitarbeiter}
}
343 Add to my selection
@Article{HilSchSta2016,
      AUTHOR = {Hillock, Fabian and Schmidt, Danilo and Staeck, Oliver and Schaaf, Thorsten and Tolxdorff, Thomas and Löser, Alexander and Xu, Feiyu and Uszkoreit, Hans and Legge, Philipp and Sachs, Kai and Oechsler, Sonja and Budde, Klemens},
      TITLE = {Integrierte Versorgung nierentransplantierter Patienten, Entwicklung einer E-Health-Plattform (Integrated care of renal transplant patients – Development of an electronic health care service platform)},
      YEAR = {2016},
      MONTH = {July},
      JOURNAL = {Dialyse aktuell},
      VOLUME = {20},
      NUMBER = {6},
      PAGES = {285-290},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
344 Add to my selection
@Article{KraHenMor2016,
      AUTHOR = {Krause, Sebastian and Hennig, Leonhard and Moro, Andrea and Weißenborn, Dirk and Xu, Feiyu and Uszkoreit, Hans and Navigli, Robert},
      TITLE = {Sar-graphs: A Language Resource Connecting Linguistic Knowledge with Semantic Relations from Knowledge Graphs},
      YEAR = {2016},
      JOURNAL = {Journal of Web Semantics: Science, Services and Agents on the World Wide Web},
      NOTE = {HU}
}
<< InProceedings >> TOP
1 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Abramowicz_Piskorski:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Abramowicz, Witold and Piskorski, Jakub},
      TITLE = {Information Extraction from Free Text Business Documents},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of IRMA - Information Resources Management Association International Conference, May 19-22},
      ADDRESS = {Seattle},
      ABSTRACT = {One of the most difficult aspects of using search technology is the process of getting information in shape for searching. The objective of this paper is an investigation of the applicability of information extraction techniques in real-world business applications dealing with textual data since business relevant data is mainly transmitted through free-text documents. Further, we demonstrate an enormous indexing potential of lightweight linguistic text processing techniques applied in information extraction systems in other closely related fields of information technology which concern processing vast amounts of textual data.}
}
2 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Albrecht_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Albrecht, Irene and Haber, Jörg and Kähler, Kolja and Schröder, Marc and Seidel, Hans-Peter},
      TITLE = {May I talk to you? :-) - Facial Animation from Text},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 10th Pacific Conference on Computer Graphics and Applications (Pacific Graphics 2002), October 9-11},
      EDITOR = {Coquillart, Sabine and Shum, Heung-Yeung and Hu, Shi-Min},
      ADDRESS = {Tsinghua University, Beijing},
      URL = {http://www.mpi-sb.mpg.de/resources/FAM/publ/pg2002.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We introduce a facial animation system that produces real-time animation sequences including speech synchronization and non-verbal speech-related facial expressions from plain text input. A state-of-the-art text-to-speech synthesis component performs linguistic analysis of the text input and creates a speech signal from phonetic and intonation information. The phonetic transcription is additionally used to drive a speech synchronization method for the physically based facial animation. Further high-level information from the linguistic analysis such as different types of accents or pauses as well as the type of the sentence is used to generate non-verbal speech-related facial expressions such as movement of head, eyes, and eyebrows or voluntary eye blinks. Moreover, emoticons are translated into XML markup that triggers emotional facial expressions.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Albrecht:2002:FAT.pdf}
}
3 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Alshawi_et_al:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Alshawi, Hiyan and Block, Hans Ullrich and Carter, David M. and Gambäck, Björn and Hunze, Richard and Peng, Ping and Rayner, Manny and Schachtl, Stephanie and Schmid, Ludwig},
      TITLE = {Communication multilinguale par forme quasi logique},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {Conference on Natural Language Processing and its Applications},
      PAGES = {245-252},
      ADDRESS = {Avignon, France},
      URL = {http://www.sics.se/~gamback/publications/avignon91.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper we describe the experience gained and results obtained through devloping a transferbased interactive translation system which combines two language processing systems. The only part these systems have in common is the level of the semantic representation, for which we chose the quasilogical form.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Alshawi:1991:CMP.pdf Alshawi:1991:CMP.ps}
}
4 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Alshawi_et_al:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Alshawi, Hiyan and Carter, David M. and Gambäck, Björn and Pulman, Stephen G. and Rayner, Manny},
      TITLE = {English-Swedish Translation Dialogue Software},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {Conference on Translating and the Computer},
      ADDRESS = {London, England},
      URL = {http://www.sics.se/~gamback/publications/aslib92.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {The paper describes the BCI, a prototype interactive machinetranslation system, constructed by connecting English and Swedish versions of the SRI Core Language Engine through a transfer component. Transfer takes place at the level of Quasi Logical Form (QLF), a contextually sensitive logical form representation which is deep enough for dealing with crosslinguistic differences. Theoretical arguments are presented to support the claim that QLF transfer represents a good compromise between the opposing paradigms of syntactic transfer and semantic interlingua based MT. An annotated example dialogue is shown. A followon project, in which the BCI is used as the core of a spokenlanguage translation system, is briefly described.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Alshawi:1992:EST.pdf Alshawi:1992:EST.ps}
}
5 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Alshawi_et_al:1991_4,
      AUTHOR = {Alshawi, Hiyan and Carter, David M. and Rayner, Manny and Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Translation by Quasi Logical Form Transfer},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {29th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACLANNUAL '91), June 18-21},
      PAGES = {161-168},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Berkeley, California, USA},
      URL = {http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu/P/P91/P91-1021.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {The paper describes work on applying a general purpose natural language processing system to transfer-based interactive translation. Transfer takes place at the level of Quasi Logical Form (QLF), a contextually sensitive logical form representation which is deep enough for dealing with cross-linguistic differences. Theoretical arguments and experimental results are presented to support the claim that this framework has good properties in terms of modularity, compositionality, reversibility and monotonicity. QLFs were selected as the appropriate level for transfer because they are far enough removed from surface linguistic form to provide the flexibility required by cross-linguistic differences. On the other hand, the linguistic, unification-based processing involved in creating them can be carried out efficiently and without the need to reason about the domain or context; the QLF language has constructs for explicit representation of contextually sensitive aspects of interpretation.}
}
6 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Althaus_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Althaus, Ernst and Duchier, Denys and Koller, Alexander and Mehlhorn, Kurt and Niehren, Joachim and Thiel, Sven},
      TITLE = {An Efficient Algorithm for the Configuration Problem of Dominance Graphs},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {12th ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms (SODA), January 7-9},
      ADDRESS = {Washington D.C., USA},
      PUBLISHER = {ACM Press},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/dom-graph.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Dominance constraints are logical tree descriptions originating from automata theory that have multiple applications in computational linguistics. The satisfiability problem of dominance constraints is NP-complete. In most applications, however, only emph(normal) dominance constraints are used. The satisfiability problem of normal dominance constraints can be reduced in linear time to the configuration problem of dominance graphs, as shown recently. In this paper, we give a polynomial time algorithm testing configurability of dominance graphs (and thus satisfiability of normal dominance constraints). Previous to our work no polynomial time algorithms were known.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Althaus:2001:EAC.pdf Althaus:2001:EAC.ps}
}
7 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Andersen_et_al:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Andersen, Ove and Dalsgaard, Paul and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Data-Driven Identification of Poly- and Monophonemes for Four European Languages},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH), September 21-23},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {759-762},
      EDITOR = {Fellbaum, K.},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin, Deutschland},
      ANNOTE = {Andersen:1993:DDI}
}
8 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Andersen_et_al:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Andersen, Ove and Dalsgaard, Paul and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {On the Use of Data-Driven Clustering Techniques for Identification of Poly- and Monophonemes for Four European Languages},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {International Conference on Acoustics Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP'94), April 19-22},
      ADDRESS = {Adelaide, Australia}
}
9 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Andreeva_Barry:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Andreeva, Bistra and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Sentence Mode and Emotional Load in Bulgarian: Economy of Intonational Form?},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Laboratory Phonology (LabPhon7), June 29 -July 1},
      ADDRESS = {Nijmegen, Netherlands},
      ABSTRACT = {An earlier study [1] illuminated the role of F0 contours on the focus accent in differentiating question and sentence mode in the Sofia variety of Bulgarian.The results showed that placement of the low target of the pitch accent at the beginning and the peak at the end of the accented syllable or in the following syllable (L*+H) is critical for the perception of (syntactically and lexically unmarked) checks, which are used to confirm already known information [2]. By shifting the peak leftwards towards the beginning of the accented syllable (H*) the pragmatic category changed from check to statement. Both categories have a L% boundary tone. However, subjects' judgements indicated that the strength of the intonational information was not equal for the two utterance types. The situational pre-context had a strong influence on the interpretation of the utterance as a check or statement. In case the intonation contour diverged from the unmarked contour for a particular function, the category judgement was accompanied by a change in the emotional message. To examine the general validity of these observations a further experiment was carried out. Three checks, three statements with low terminal boundary tones (L%), and three statements with continuation rises (H%) were selected from Map Task recordings made for a number of male and female speakers [3]. From each of these 9 natural utterances three intonational variants were generated, one for each pragmatic category. Firstly, a stylised resynthesized version of the original (e.g. a check) was produced. Then the intonation contours for the other two pragmatic categories (e.g. statement with terminal fall and continuation rise) were derived from the stylised contour. Four repetitions of the stimuli were presented (Roman square design) to 15 native speakers of Sofia Bulgarian in three situational contexts: question, neutral statement and polite statement. The context utterance together with the stimulus form a minimal dialogue. The natural context for the check was a statement, and for the two statement forms it was a question. In the test, each context was offered with each pragmatic category, producing potential tension between context and stimulus. The subjects were required to judge - on a five-point scale - the degree to which each stimulus was suited to its context. The results show that all three intonational contours can be accepted as statements in the context of a preceding question, whereas the change of context cannot shift the interpretation of a statement to a check. The following explanation can be offered for this asymmetry of reinterpretation. The context plays an extremely important role for the interpretation of checks or statements. The context priming a statement (question-answer sequence) provides enough information to uniquely specify the communicative frame. It is a strong enough speech act marker to relegate function of the intonational form to a minor one. Thus the context weakens the distinctive function that intonation has when word sequence and syntactic structure are identical.This does not, however, mean that the intonational form is irrelevant. The shift in the interpretation of the sentence mode (check to statement) can only occur because a compensatory change of modal meaning accompanies it. The check contour cannot be accepted as a neutral statement, it can only be accepted as an emphatic, impatient or angry statement. The statements with a continuation rise were also accepted in the statement context, but the compensatory modal message was of an exaggeratedly polite speaker. Apparently, when a typical (neutral) feature of a particular communicative situation is replaced by a feature typical of another situation, it introduces an additional modal marking. Thus intonation alone, without syntactic and lexical support, can imply a certain shade of modal meaning. This phenomenon is already known at the grammatical level. In Bulgarian, for example, the future tense is the neutral form for referring to events in the future. If the present tense is used, the utterance is immediately modally marked as a firm intention. In English and German the reverse is true.}
}
10 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Andreeva_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Andreeva, Bistra and Koreman, Jacques and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {On the Role of the Burst and Transitions for the Identification of Palatalized and Non-Palatalized Plosives in Bulgarian},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS'99), August 1-7},
      ADDRESS = {San Francisco, USA},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koreman/Publications/1999/ICPhS99_BulgPal.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Andreeva:1999:RBT.pdf Andreeva:1999:RBT.ps}
}
11 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Asker_et_al:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Asker, Lars and Boström, Henrik and Samuelsson, Christer},
      TITLE = {Dynamic Explanation-Based Generalization},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd International Workshop on Knowledge Compilation and Speedup Learning, June},
      PAGES = {1-6},
      ADDRESS = {Amherst, Massachusetts}
}
12 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Asker_Gambäck:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Asker, Lars and Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Acquiring a Lexicon by Actively Querying the User},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {AAAI Fall Symposium on Active Learning, November 10-12},
      ADDRESS = {Cambridge, Massachussetts},
      URL = {www.sics.se/~gam/aaaifall95.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Asker:1995:ALA.pdf}
}
13 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Asker_et_al:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Asker, Lars and Gambäck, Björn and Samuelsson, Christer},
      TITLE = {EBL2: An Approach to Automatic Lexical Acquisition},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {14th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '92), July 23-28},
      VOLUME = {4},
      PAGES = {1172-1176},
      ADDRESS = {Nantes, France},
      URL = {www.sics.se/~gam/coling92.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Asker:1992:EAA.pdf Asker:1992:EAA.ps}
}
14 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Asker_Samuelsson:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Asker, Lars and Samuelsson, Christer},
      TITLE = {Automating Lexical Acquisition},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th Annual Meeting of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society, April},
      PAGES = {1-3},
      ADDRESS = {Uppsala, Sweden}
}
15 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania},
      TITLE = {Clustering Clitics in Bulgarian Nominal Constituents},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd European Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages (FDSL 2), November 20-22},
      EDITOR = {Kosta, Peter and Unger, M.},
      ADDRESS = {Potsdam, Germany},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~tania/ta-pub/np-clitics-fdsl2.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:1997:CCB.pdf}
}
16 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania},
      TITLE = {Gaining the Perspective of Language-Family-Oriented Grammar Design: Predicative Special Clitics in Slavic},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st Conference on Generative Linguistics in Poland (GLiP-1), November 13-14},
      PAGES = {5-14},
      EDITOR = {Banski, P. and Przepiórkowski, Adam},
      ADDRESS = {Warsaw, Poland},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~tania/ta-pub/glip1.pdf},
      NOTE = {also in: Selected Topics in Multilingual Grammar Design (Based on Data from Slavic Language Family), DFG-Zwischenbericht, Mai 1998 - April 1999},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:2000:GPL.pdf}
}
17 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova:2000_2,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania},
      TITLE = {Arguments, Grammatical Relations, and Diathetic Paradigm},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {7th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, July 22-23},
      PAGES = {23-42},
      EDITOR = {Flickinger, Dan and Kathol, Andreas},
      ADDRESS = {University of California, Berkeley, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {CSLI Publications},
      URL = {http://cslipublications.stanford.edu/HPSG/HPSG00/hpsg00avgustinova.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:2000:AGR.pdf}
}
18 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova:2001_4,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania},
      TITLE = {Russian Infinitival Existential Constructions from an HPSG Perspective},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th European Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages (FDSL4), November 28-30},
      ADDRESS = {Potsdam},
      NOTE = {to appear}
}
19 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Andreeva:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Andreeva, Bistra},
      TITLE = {Intonational Properties of Bulgarian Replicated Nominal Material. A Study Based on Map Task Dialogues},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st Conference on Linguistic Theory in Eastern Europaen Languages (CLITE-1), April 19-21},
      ADDRESS = {Szeged, Hungary}
}
20 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Andreeva:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Andreeva, Bistra},
      TITLE = {Link-Associated Accent Patterns in Bulgarian},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages (FDSL-3), December 1-3},
      ADDRESS = {Leipzig, Germany},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~tania/ta-pub/avg-andr-fdsl3.pdf},
      NOTE = {Abstract in URL},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:1999:LAA.pdf}
}
21 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Andreeva:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Andreeva, Bistra},
      TITLE = {Intonational Aspects of Bulgarian Clitic Replication},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {The 14th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, August 1-7},
      PAGES = {1501-1504},
      EDITOR = {Ohala, J. and Hasgawa, Y. and Ohala, M. and Granville, D. and Bailey, A.},
      ADDRESS = {San Francisco, USA},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~tania/ta-pub/1501.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:1999:IAB.pdf}
}
22 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Oliva:1990,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Oliva, Karel},
      TITLE = {Syntactic Description of Free Word Order Languages},
      YEAR = {1990},
      BOOKTITLE = {13th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '90), August 20-25},
      VOLUME = {3},
      PAGES = {311-313},
      EDITOR = {Karlgren, Hans},
      ADDRESS = {Helsinki, Finland}
}
23 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Oliva:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Oliva, Karel},
      TITLE = {The Communicative Nature of the Wackernagel Position},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Prague School Linguistics Conference},
      ADDRESS = {Prague}
}
24 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Oliva:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Oliva, Karel},
      TITLE = {The Proper Treatment of Binding in HPSG (in general) and in Czech (in particular)},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {30th Poznan Linguistic Meeting. Workshop on Slavic Languages in HPSG, May 1-3},
      ADDRESS = {Poznan, Poland}
}
25 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Skut:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Skut, Wojciech},
      TITLE = {Encoding Common Slavic Linguistic Knowledge in HPSG},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd European Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages (FDSL2), November 20-22},
      EDITOR = {Kosta, Peter and Unger, M.},
      ADDRESS = {Potsdam, Germany}
}
26 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Skut:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Skut, Wojciech},
      TITLE = {Panslavism Revisited},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {30th Poznan Linguistic Meeting. Workshop on Slavic Languages in HPSG, May 1-3},
      ADDRESS = {Poznan, Poland}
}
27 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Uszkoreit:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {An Ontology of Systematic Relations for a Shared Grammar of Slavic},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '00), July 31 - August 4},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {28-34},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~tania/ta-pub/ta-hu-coling2000.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Sharing portions of grammars across languages greatly reduces the costs of multilingual grammar engineering. Related languages share a much wider range of linguistic information than typically assumed in standard multilingual grammar architectures. Taking grammatical relatedness seriously, we are particularly interested in designing linguistically motivated grammatical resources for Slavic languages to be used in applied and theoretical computational linguistics. In order to gain the perspective of a languagefamily oriented grammar design, we consider an array of systematic relations that can hold between syntactical units. While the categorisation of primitive linguistic entities tends to be languagespecific or even constructionspecific, the relations holding between them allow various degrees of abstraction. On the basis of Slavic data, we show how a domain ontology conceptualising morphosyntactic building blocks can serve as a basis of a shared grammar of Slavic.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:2000:OSR.pdf}
}
28 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Uszkoreit:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Towards a Typology of Agreement Phenomena},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {The Role of Agreement in Natural Languages. Texas Linguistic Society Conference (TLS'2001), March 2-4},
      EDITOR = {Griffin, W.},
      ADDRESS = {Austin, Texas, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {Lincom Europa},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~tania/ta-pub/TA-HU-TLS-2001-agreement.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Agreement phenomena are instances of co-variation of linguistic forms which is typically realised as feature congruity, i.e. compatibility of values of identical grammatical categories of syntactically combined linguistic items. Agreement is a relatively well-researched topic, especially in Slavic linguistics, cf. (Corbett, 2000a). However, the investigations have mainly concentrated on the linguistic items themselves (as agreement sources) and on the relevant properties of these items (in terms of agreement features and conditions). The nature of the relations holding between the agreeing items has not received proper attention yet.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Avgustinova:2001:TTA.pdf}
}
29 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Avgustinova_Uszkoreit:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Avgustinova, Tania and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Reconsidering the Relations in Constructions with Non-Verbal Predicates},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th European Conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages (FDSL4), November 28-30},
      ADDRESS = {Potsdam, Germany}
}
30 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Backofen:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf},
      TITLE = {On the Decidability of Functional Uncertainty},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), June 22-26},
      PAGES = {201-208},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
      NOTE = {A full version has appeared as Research Report RR-93-17}
}
31 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Backofen:1993_1,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf},
      TITLE = {Regular Path Expressions in Feature Logic},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {5th International Conference of the Rewriting Techniques and Applications (RTA '93), June 16-18},
      NUMBER = {690},
      PAGES = {121-135},
      EDITOR = {Kirchner, C.},
      SERIES = {LNCS},
      ADDRESS = {Montreal, Canada},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RegularPathExprJSC94.ps.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RegularPathExprJSC94.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RegularPathExprJSC94.dvi.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1993:RPEa.pdf Backofen:1993:RPEa.ps Backofen:1993:RPEa.dvi}
}
32 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Backofen_et_al:1990,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf and Euler, Lutz and Görz, Günther},
      TITLE = {Towards the Integration of Functions, Relations and Types in an AI Programming Language},
      YEAR = {1990},
      BOOKTITLE = {14th German Workshop on Artificial Intelligence (GWAI '90), September 10-14},
      VOLUME = {251},
      PAGES = {297-306},
      EDITOR = {Marburger, H.},
      SERIES = {Informatik-Fachberichte},
      ADDRESS = {Eringerfeld, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer}
}
33 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Backofen_et_al:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf and Euler, Lutz and Görz, Günther},
      TITLE = {Distributed Disjunctions for LIFE},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {International Workshop on Processing Declarative Knowledge (PDK '91), July 1-3},
      PAGES = {161-170},
      EDITOR = {Boley, Harold and Richter, M.M.},
      SERIES = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
      ADDRESS = {Kaiserslautern, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer Verlag}
}
34 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Backofen_Smolka:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf and Smolka, Gert},
      TITLE = {A Complete and Recursive Feature Theory},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {31st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), June 22-26},
      PAGES = {193-200},
      ADDRESS = {Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {Association for Computational Linguistics},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-92-30.dvi.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-92-30.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/RR-92-30.ps.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1993:CRF.pdf Backofen:1993:CRF.ps Backofen:1993:CRF.dvi}
}
35 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Backofen_Treinen:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf and Treinen, Ralf},
      TITLE = {How to Win a Game with Features},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st International Conference on Constraints in Computational Logics (CCL'94), September 7-9},
      VOLUME = {845},
      PAGES = {320-335},
      EDITOR = {Jouannaud, J.-P.},
      SERIES = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
      ADDRESS = {München, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/FeatureGamesCCL94.dvi.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/FeatureGamesCCL94.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/FeatureGamesCCL94.ps.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1994:HWG.pdf Backofen:1994:HWG.ps Backofen:1994:HWG.dvi}
}
36 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Backofen_et_al:1991_3,
      AUTHOR = {Backofen, Rolf and Trost, Harald and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Linking Typed Feature Formalisms and Terminological Knowledge Representation Languages in Natural Language Front-Ends},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th Internationaler GI-Kongress Wissenbasierte Systeme. Verteilte Künstliche Intelligenz und kooperatives Arbeiten, 23.-24. Oktober},
      PAGES = {375-383},
      EDITOR = {Brauer, W. and Hernandez, D.},
      SERIES = {Informatik-Fachberichte 291},
      ADDRESS = {München, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.dfki.uni-kl.de/pub/Publications/ResearchReports/1991/RR-91-28.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this Paper we describe an interface between typed formalisms and terminological languages like KL-ONE. The definition of such an iterface is motivated by the needs of natural language front-ends to AI-systems where information must be transmittes from the front-end to the back-end system and vice versa. We show some minor extensions to the feature formalism allow for a syntactic description of individual concepts in terms of typed feature structures. Namely, we propose to include intervals and a special kind of sets. Partial consistency checks can be made on these concepts descriptions during the unification of feature terms. Type checking on these special involves calling the classifier of the terminological language. The final consistency check is performed only when transferring these concept description into structures of the A-Box of the terminological language.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Backofen:1991:LTFb.pdf Backofen:1991:LTFb.ps}
}
37 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Baldridge_Kruijff:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Baldridge, Jason and Kruijff, Geert-Jan M.},
      TITLE = {Coupling CCG with Hybrid Logic Dependency Semantics},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL'02), June 7-12},
      ADDRESS = {University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia}
}
38 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Balkan_et_al:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Balkan, Lorna and Netter, Klaus and Arnold, Doug and Meijer, Siety},
      TITLE = {TNSLP - Test Suites for Language Processing},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {CEC Language Engineering Convention},
      ADDRESS = {Paris, France},
      URL = {ftp://issco-ftp.unige.ch/pub/publications/tsnlp-coling.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The growing language technology industry needs measurement tools to allow researchers, engineers, managers, and customers to track development, evaluate and assure quality, and assess suitability for a variety of applications. The tsnlp (Test Suites for Natural Language Processing) project (1) has investigated various aspects of the construction, maintenance and application of systematic test suites as diagnostic and evaluation tools for NLP applications. The paper summarizes the motivation and main results of tsnlp: besides the solid methodological foundation of the project, tsnlp has produced substantial (i.e. larger than any existing general test suites) multi-purpose and multi-user test suites for three European languages together with a set of specialized tools that facilitate the construction, extension, maintenance, retrieval, and customization of the test data. The publicly available results of tsnlp represent a valuable linguistic resource that has the potential of providing a wide-spread pre-standard diagnostic and evaluation tool for both developers and users of NLP applications.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Balkan:1994:TTSb.pdf}
}
39 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1972,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Zur Problematik des subphonemischen Ausspracheunterrichts},
      YEAR = {1972},
      BOOKTITLE = {Kongressberichte der 3. Jahrestagung der GAL},
      PAGES = {293-301},
      PUBLISHER = {Groos}
}
40 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1977_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Thesen zu: Perzeption und Ausspracheschulung},
      YEAR = {1977},
      BOOKTITLE = {Kongressbericht der 8. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Angewandte Linguistik (GAL)},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {57-60},
      PUBLISHER = {Hochschulverlag}
}
41 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1983,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {On the Perception of Juncture in English},
      YEAR = {1983},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences},
      PAGES = {529-536},
      ADDRESS = {Utrecht}
}
42 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1987,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Regional Accent Identification: Principles, Problems, Results},
      YEAR = {1987},
      BOOKTITLE = {European Conference on Speech Technology},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {468-471},
      ADDRESS = {Edinburgh, Scotland}
}
43 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1987_1,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Adaptation to Regional Accents in Automatic Speech Recognition},
      YEAR = {1987},
      BOOKTITLE = {11th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {89-92},
      ADDRESS = {Tallinn, Estonia}
}
44 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Invited Reply to: Browman and Goldstein: Targetless schwa: An Articulatory Analysis},
      YEAR = {1989},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd Conference on Laboratory Phonology},
      ADDRESS = {Edinburgh, Scotland},
      PUBLISHER = {Cambridge University Press}
}
45 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Critical Parameters in the Definition of Speech Recogniser Performance},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {12th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences},
      VOLUME = {5},
      PAGES = {426-429},
      ADDRESS = {Aix-en-Provence, France}
}
46 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Ausspracheschulung},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {Tagungsbericht 10. Internationale Deutschlehrertagung},
      PAGES = {209-215},
      ADDRESS = {Leipzig, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Iudicium-Verlag}
}
47 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Phonetics and Phonology of Speaking Styles},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {13th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, August 13-19},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {4-10},
      EDITOR = {Elenius, K. and Branderud, P.},
      ADDRESS = {Stockholm, Sweden}
}
48 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Some Fundamental Problems of Looking at Connected Speech},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the Symposium Sound Patterns of Connected Speech - Description, Models and Explanation, Arbeitsberichte des Instituts für Phonetik, Universität Kiel (AIPUK 31), 14-15 June},
      PAGES = {113-117},
      EDITOR = {Simpson, Adrian P. and Pätzold, Matthias},
      ADDRESS = {Kiel University}
}
49 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry:1998_2,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Time as a Factor in the Acoustic Variation of schwa},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {The 5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processsing (ICSLP '98), November 30 -December 4},
      VOLUME = {5},
      ADDRESS = {Sydney, Australia}
}
50 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry_Dalsgaard:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Dalsgaard, Paul},
      TITLE = {Speech Database Annotation. The Importance of a Multi-Lingual Approach},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '93), September 21-23},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {13-20},
      EDITOR = {Fellbaum, K.},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin, Germany}
}
51 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry_et_al:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Goldsmith, M. and Fourcin, Adrian J. and Fuller, H.},
      TITLE = {Stability of Voice Frequency Measures in Speech},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {12th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {38-41},
      ADDRESS = {Aix-en-Provence, France}
}
52 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry_et_al:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Grice, Martine and Hazan, Valerie and Fourcin, Adrian J.},
      TITLE = {Excitation Distributions for Synthesised Speech},
      YEAR = {1989},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '89)},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {353-356},
      EDITOR = {Tubach, J. P. and Mariani, Joseph},
      ADDRESS = {Paris, France}
}
53 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry_Hawkins:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Hawkins, S.},
      TITLE = {Invited Reply to: Hewlett and Shockey: On Types of Coarticulation},
      YEAR = {1989},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd Conference on Laboratory Phonology},
      ADDRESS = {Edinburgh, Scotland},
      PUBLISHER = {Cambridge University Press}
}
54 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Nielsen, Claus and Andersen, Ove},
      TITLE = {Must Diphone Synthesis be so Unnatural?},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {7th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '01), September 3-7},
      EDITOR = {Dalsgaard, Paul and Lindberg, Borge and Benner, Henrik},
      ADDRESS = {Aalborg, Denmark}
}
55 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Barry_Russo:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Barry, William J. and Russo, Michela},
      TITLE = {Lamdacismo e Rotacismo in Area Napolitana: Realizzazione Fonetica e Posizione Fonologica},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Atti 29$^o$, Convegno Nazionale. Associazione Italiana di Acustica (AIA 2002), 12-14 giugno},
      PAGES = {377-382},
      EDITOR = {Pompoli, Roberto and Carletti, Eleonora and Fausti, Patrizio and Pedrielli, Francesca and Peretti, Alessandro and Pompoli, Francesco and Prodi, Nicola},
      ADDRESS = {Ferrara, Italia}
}
56 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bateman_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Bateman, John and Teich, Elke and Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Korbayova, Ivana and Sharoff, Serge and Skoumalová, Hana},
      TITLE = {Resources for Multilingual Text Generation in Three Slavic Languages},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2000), May 31 - June 2},
      PAGES = {1763-1768},
      ADDRESS = {Athens, Greece},
      URL = {http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/agile/biblio/publications/2000/LREC00.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bateman:2000:RMT.pdf}
}
57 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Baumann_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Baumann, Stefan and Grice, Martine and Benzmüller, Ralf},
      TITLE = {GToBI - A Phonological System for the Transcription of German Intonation},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Prosody 2000: Speech Recognition and Synthesis Workshop, October 2-5},
      PAGES = {21-28},
      ADDRESS = {Kraków, Poland},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Baumann:2000:GPS.pdf}
}
58 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Baumann_Trouvain:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Baumann, Stefan and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {On the Prosody of German Telephone Numbers},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {7th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '01), September 3-7},
      PAGES = {557-560},
      EDITOR = {Dalsgaard, Paul and Lindberg, Borge and Benner, Henrik},
      ADDRESS = {Aalborg, Denmark},
      ABSTRACT = {Spoken telephone numbers are prosodically structured. This is reflected on various levels, such as grouping, wording and accenting. Realisation strategies employed by German speakers are used to model the prosody of telephone number production. In a listening preference test using synthetic speech two strategies used by commercial inquiry systems proved to be less acceptable than the versions based on the proposed models. These models are proposed for use in speech-synthesis-based telephone number inquiry services.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Baumann:2001:PGT.pdf}
}
59 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Becker:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Becker, Markus},
      TITLE = {Unsupervised Part of Speech Tagging with Extended Templates},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI'98), Student Session, August 17-28},
      PAGES = {43-50},
      EDITOR = {Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Korbayova, Ivana},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~mbecker/unsup.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper we describe an extension of the unsupervised learning algorithm for automatically training a rule-based part of speech tagger, originally proposed by [Brill,1995]. We claim that the employment of templates with wider contexts will yield both linguistically more satisfying results and also higher precision rates.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Becker:1998:UPS.pdf Becker:1998:UPS.ps}
}
60 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Becker_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Becker, Markus and Drozdzynski, Witold and Krieger, Hans-Ulrich and Piskorski, Jakub and Schäfer, Ulrich and Xu, Feiyu},
      TITLE = {SProUT - Shallow Processing with Typed Feature Structures and Unification},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the International Conference on NLP (ICON 2002). December 18-21},
      ADDRESS = {Mumbai, India},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~feiyu/sprout.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We present SProUT, a platform for the development of multilingual shallow text processing systems. A grammar in SProUT consists of a set of rules, where the left-hand side is a regular expression over typed feature structures (TFSs), representing the recognition pattern, and the right-hand side is a sequence of TFSs, specifying how the output structure looks like. The reusable core components fo SProUT are a finite-state machine toolkit, a regular compiler, a typed feature structure package, and a finite-state machine interpreter.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Becker:2002:SSP.pdf}
}
61 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Becker_Frank:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Becker, Markus and Frank, Anette},
      TITLE = {A Stochastic Topological Parser of German},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 19th Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'02), August 24 - September 1},
      ADDRESS = {Taipei, Taiwan},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~frank/papers/Coling2002_Becker_Frank_245.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {We present a new approach to topological parsing for German which is corpus-based, and built on a simple model of probabilistic CFG parsing. The topological field model is a theory-neutral model of clausal syntax that provides a linguistically motivated, but flat macro structure for complex sentences. Topological structures are highly compatible with deep syntactic analysis, thus perfectly suited for seamless integration of shallow and deep NLP. Besides the practical aspect of developing a robust and accurate topological parser, we investigate to what extent topological structures can be handled by context-free probabilistic models, while trying to detect specific phenomena that require more sophisticated models. We discuss experiments with systematic variants of a topological treebank grammar, which yield competitive results.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Becker:2002:STP.pdf Becker:2002:STP.ps}
}
62 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bedersdorfer_et_al:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Bedersdorfer, Jochen and Konrad, Karsten and Neis, Ingo and Scherf, Oliver and Steffen, Jörg and Wein, Michael},
      TITLE = {Eine Spezifikationssprache für Transformationen auf getypten Merkmalsstrukturen},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {Neuere Entwicklungen der deklarativen KI-Programmierung, September 13-25},
      NUMBER = {RR-93-35},
      PAGES = {17-30},
      EDITOR = {Boley, Harold and Bry, François and Geske, Ulrich},
      SERIES = {Research Report},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin, Germany},
      URL = {http://www.ags.uni-sb.de/~konrad/papers/slant.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The field of declarative AI programming is briefly characterized. Its recent developments in Germany are reflected by a workshop as part of the scientific congress KI-93 at the Berlin Humboldt University. Three tutorials introduce to the state of the art in deductive databases, the programming language Gödel, and the evolution of knowledge bases. Eleven contributed papers treat knowledge revision/program transformation, types, constraints, and type-constraint combinations.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bedersdorfer:1993:STG.pdf Bedersdorfer:1993:STG.ps}
}
63 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Beil_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Beil, Franz and Prescher, Detlef and Schmid, Helmut and Schulte im Walde, Sabine},
      TITLE = {Evaluation of the Gramotron Parser for German},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the LREC Workshop: Beyond PARSEVAL, May 29-31},
      ADDRESS = {Las Palmas, Gran Canaria},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~prescher/papers/bib/2002lrec.beil.prescher.schmid.schulte_im_walde.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {The paper describes an experiment in inside-outside estimation of a lexicalized probabilistic context free grammar for German. Grammar and formalism features which make the experiment feasible are described. Successive models are evaluated on precision and recall of phrase markup consisting of labels for noun chunks and subcategorization frames. Our approach to parsing is a blend of symbolic and stochastic methods where we use evaluation results in both incremental grammar development and validation of selected output to be used in lexical semantic clustering. Our results are that (i) scrambling-style free phrase order, case morphology, subcategorization, and NP-internal gender, number and case agreement can be dealt within a lexicalized probabilistic context-free grammar formalism, and (ii) inside-outside estimation appears to be beneficial, however relies on a carefully built grammar and an evaluation based on carefully selected linguistic criteria. Additionally, we report experiments on overtraining with inside-outside estimation, especially focusing on comparison of the results of mathematical and linguistic evaluations.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Beil:2002:EGP.pdf}
}
64 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Benzmüller_Barry:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Benzmüller, Ralf and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Mikrosegmentsynthese - Ökonomische Prinzipien bei der Konkatenation subphonemischer Spracheinheiten},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {7. Konferenz Elektronische Sprachsignalverarbeitung (ESSV1996), November 25-27},
      PAGES = {86-93},
      EDITOR = {Mehnert, Dieter},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin, Germany},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.coli.uni-sb.de/pub/people/ralf/Mseg.ESSV7-96.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Es wird ein KonkatenationsSprachsynthesesystem vorgestellt, in dem das Wissen über sprachliche Kategorien ausgenutzt wird, um die Einschränkungen, die das System vorgibt, zu überwinden. Dazu werden die Konkatenationseinheiten, Mikrosegmente genannt, so häufig benutzt wie möglich. Konsonanten werden dabei in einer weitgehend kontextfreien Weise verwendet, und Vokale werden aus zwei Vokalhälften zusammengesetzt, die nach der Artikulationsstelle des folgenden bzw. vorhergehenden Konsonanten in drei Kontextkategorien eingeteilt werden. Außerdem werden quasistationäre Vokalteile an unterschiedlichen Positionen eingesetzt. Prosodische Variationen werden ausschließlich im Zeitbereich durchgeführt, um die natürliche Sprachqualität zu bewahren. Die Dauer der Mikrosegmente ist in 6 Stufen veränderbar, und deren Tonhöhe wird bei sonoranten Lauten durch Manipulationen in der offenen Phase der Stimmgebungsperiode verändert. Die entsprechenden Abschnitte der Mikrosegmente sind durch Markierungen gekennzeichnet.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Benzmuller:1996:MOP.pdf Benzmuller:1996:MOP.ps}
}
65 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Benzmüller_Barry:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Benzmüller, Ralf and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Microsegment Synthesis - Economic Principles in a Low-Cost Solution},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP '96), October 3-6},
      VOLUME = {4},
      ADDRESS = {Philadelphia, USA},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Benzmuller:1996:MSE.pdf}
}
66 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Benzmüller_Grice:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Benzmüller, Ralf and Grice, Martine},
      TITLE = {The Nuclear Accentual Fall in the Intonation of Standard German},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Papers on the Conference The Word as a Phonetic Unit},
      PAGES = {79-89},
      EDITOR = {ZAS, Zentrum für allgemeine Sprachw},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin, Germany}
}
67 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Berglund_Gambäck:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Berglund, Charlotta and Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {On Testing Domain Adaptability},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics, May 30-31},
      PAGES = {90-94},
      EDITOR = {Koskenniemi, Kimmo},
      ADDRESS = {Helsinki, Finland},
      PUBLISHER = {University of Helsinki},
      URL = {www.sics.se/humle/papers/nodalida95_eval.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Berglund:1995:TDA.pdf Berglund:1995:TDA.ps}
}
68 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bertsch_Nederhof:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Bertsch, Eberhard and Nederhof, Mark-Jan},
      TITLE = {On the Complexity of some Extensions of RCG Parsing},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Parsing Technologies (IWPT'01), October 17-19},
      PAGES = {66-77},
      ADDRESS = {Beijing, China},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nederhof01c.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We consider the parsing problem for range concatenation grammars (RCGs). Two new applications of RCG parsing are studied. The first is the parsing of finite automata, the second is string-to-string transduction, with an extension of RCGs. We show that these problems are undecidable in general, but become tractable for subclasses of the formalism.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bertsch:2001:CSE.pdf Bertsch:2001:CSE.ps}
}
69 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Blackburn_Gardent:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and Gardent, Claire},
      TITLE = {A Specification Language for Lexical Functional Grammars},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {7th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL '91)},
      PAGES = {39-44},
      ADDRESS = {Dublin}
}
70 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Blackburn_Gardent:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and Gardent, Claire},
      TITLE = {A Description Language for Discourse Semantics},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics (LACL '98), December 14-16},
      ADDRESS = {Grenoble, France}
}
71 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Blackburn_et_al:1995_2,
      AUTHOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and Meyer-Viol, Wilfried and de Rijke, Maarten},
      TITLE = {A Proof System for Finite Trees},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Computer Science Logic. 9th International Workshop (CSL '95)},
      NUMBER = {1092},
      PAGES = {86-105},
      EDITOR = {Kleine Büning, H.},
      SERIES = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer}
}
72 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bodirsky_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Bodirsky, Manuel and Erk, Katrin and Koller, Alexander and Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {Beta Reduction Constraints},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {12th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications (RTA'01), May 22-24},
      PAGES = {31-46},
      EDITOR = {Middeldorp, Aart},
      SERIES = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
      ADDRESS = {Utrecht, The Netherlands},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer-Verlag},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/beta.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The constraint language for lambda structures (CLLS) can model lambda terms that are known only partially. In this paper, we introduce beta reduction constraints to describe beta reduction steps between partially known lambda terms. We show that beta reduction constraints can be expressed in an extension of CLLS by group parallelism. We then extend a known semi-decision procedure for CLLS to also deal with group parallelism and thus with beta-reduction constraints.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bodirski:2001:BRC.pdf Bodirsky:2001:BRC.ps}
}
73 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bodirsky_et_al:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Bodirsky, Manuel and Erk, Katrin and Koller, Alexander and Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {Underspecified Beta Reduction},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics (ACL'01), July 6-11},
      PAGES = {74-81},
      ADDRESS = {Toulouse, France},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/usp-beta.ps.gz http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/usp-beta.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {For ambiguous sentences, traditional semantics construction produces large numbers of higher-order formulas, which must then be beta-reduced individually. Underspecified versions can produce compact descriptions of all readings, but it is not known how to perform beta reduction on these descriptions. We show how to do this using beta reduction constraints in the constraint language for $lambda$-structures (CLLS).},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bodirski:2001:UBR.pdf Bodirsky:2001:UBR.ps}
}
74 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan},
      TITLE = {Focusing Particles and Ellipsis Resolution},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {Focus and Natural Language Processing: Linguistic, Cognitive, and Computational Perspectives},
      EDITOR = {Bosch, P.},
      ADDRESS = {Schloss Wolfsbrunnen, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Cambridge University Press}
}
75 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos:1994_1,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan},
      TITLE = {Presupposition and VP-Ellipsis},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'94), August 5-9},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {1184-1190},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Kyoto, Japan}
}
76 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan},
      TITLE = {DORIS 2001: Underspecification, Resolution and Inference for Discourse Representation Structures},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the Workshop on Inference in Compuational Semantics (ICoS-3), June 18-19},
      EDITOR = {Blackburn, Patrick and Kohlhase, Michael},
      ADDRESS = {Siena, Italy},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~bos/doris2001.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bos:2001:DUR.pdf}
}
77 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos_et_al:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan and Buitelaar, Paul and Mineur, Anne-Marie},
      TITLE = {Bridging as Coercive Accomodation},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Computational Logic for Natural Language Processing (CLNLP '95) - Workshop Proceedings, April 3-5},
      EDITOR = {Manandhar, Suresh},
      ADDRESS = {South Queensferry, Scotland},
      URL = {http://www.elsnet.org/publications/clnlp95/Bos-Mineur.ps.gz},
      NOTE = {A shorter version also appeared in the Lecture Notes of a workshop on The Computational Lexicon, at the 6th ESSLLI, Barcelona 1995},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bos:1995:BCAa.pdf Bos:1995:BCAa.ps}
}
78 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos_et_al:1995_1,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan and Buitelaar, Paul and Mineur, Anne-Marie},
      TITLE = {Bridging as Coercive Accomodation},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {6th European Summer School in Logic, Language, and Information (ESSLLI'95). Workshop on The Computational Lexicon, August 13-25},
      ADDRESS = {Barcelona, Spain}
}
79 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan and Buschbeck-Wolf, Bianka and Dorna, Michael and Rupp, Christopher J.},
      TITLE = {Managing Information at Linguistic Interfaces},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'98), August 10-14},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Montréal, Québec, Canada}
}
80 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos_Gabsdil:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan and Gabsdil, Malte},
      TITLE = {First-Order Inference and the Semantics of Questions and Answers},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Götalog 2000: 4th Workshop on the Semantics and Pragmatics of Dialogue, June 15-17},
      PAGES = {43-50},
      EDITOR = {Poesio, Massimo and Traum, David},
      ADDRESS = {Göteborg, Sweden},
      PUBLISHER = {Gothenburg Papers in Computational Linguistics 00-5},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~gabsdil/papers/goetalog00.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bos:2000:FOI.pdf Bos:2000:FOI.ps}
}
81 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan and Gambäck, Björn and Lieske, Christian and Mori, Yoshiki and Pinkal, Manfred and Worm, Karsten},
      TITLE = {Compositional Semantics in Verbmobil},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '96), August 5-9},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {131-136},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Copenhagen, Denmark},
      URL = {http://lanl.arxiv.org/PS_cache/cmp-lg/pdf/9607/9607031.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bos:1996:CSV.pdf}
}
82 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bos_et_al:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Bos, Johan and Mastenbroek, Elsbeth and McGlashan, Scott and Millies, Sebastian and Pinkal, Manfred},
      TITLE = {A Compositional DRS-Based Formalism for NLP-Applications},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st International Workshop on Computational Semantics},
      PAGES = {21-31},
      ADDRESS = {Tilburg, The Netherlands},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bos:1994:CDB.pdf}
}
83 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Branco_Crysmann:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Branco, António and Crysmann, Berthold},
      TITLE = {Negative Concord and Linear Constraints on Quantification},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Romance Languages and Linguistic Theory 1999.Selected papers from 'Going Romance' 1999, December 9-11},
      EDITOR = {d'Hulst, Y. and Rooryck, J. and Schroten, J.},
      ADDRESS = {Leiden},
      PUBLISHER = {John Benjamins Publishing},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~crysmann/papers/NC.html}
}
84 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Sabine and Dipper, Stefanie and Hansen, Silvia and Lezius, Wolfgang and Smith, George},
      TITLE = {The TIGER Treebank},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the Workshop on Treebanks and Linguistic Theories, September 20-21},
      ADDRESS = {Sozopol, Bulgaria},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~sabine/tigertreebank.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper reports on the TIGER Treebank, a corpus of currently 35.000 syntactically annotated German newspaper sentences. We describe what kind of information is encoded in the treebank and introduce the different representation formats that are used for the annotation and exploitation of the treebank. We explain the different methods used for the annotation: interactive annotation, using the tool (em Annotate), and LFG parsing. Furthermore, we give an account of the annotation scheme used for the TIGER treebank. This scheme is an extended and improved version of the NEGRA annotation scheme and we illustrate in detail the linguistic extensions that were made concerning the annotation in the TIGER project. The main differences are concerned with coordination, verb-subcategorization, expletives as well as proper nouns. In addition, the paper also presents the query tool TIGERSearch that was developed in the project to exploit the treebank in an adequate way. We describe the query language which was designed to facilitate a simple formulation of complex queries; furthermore, we shortly introduce TIGERin, a graphical user interface for query input. The paper concludes with a summary and some directions for future work.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:2002:TT.pdf}
}
85 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_Hansen:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Sabine and Hansen, Silvia},
      TITLE = {Developments in the TIGER Annotation Scheme and their Realization in the Corpus},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2002), May 29-31},
      ADDRESS = {Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~sabine/brants-hansen.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents the annotation of the German TIGER Treebank. First, issues concerning the annotation, representation as well as querying of the treebank are discussed. Within this context, the annotation tool ANNOTATE, the export and XML formats of the TIGER Treebank and the TIGER search tool are briefly introduced. Secondly, the developments of the TIGER annotation scheme and their realization in the corpus are introduced focussing on the differences between the underlying NEGRA annotation scheme and the further developed TIGER annotation scheme. The main differences are concerned with verb-subcategorization, coordination, appositions and parentheses as well as proper nouns. Thirdly, the annotation scheme is assessed through an evaluation and a problem discussion of the above mentioned changes. For this purpose, inter- annotator agreement in the TIGER project has been analyzed focussing on exactly these changes. This analysis shows where the annotators' decision problems are. These difficulties are discussed in greater detail on the basis of annotation examples. The paper concludes with some suggestions for the improvement of the TIGER annotation scheme.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:2002:DTA.pdf}
}
86 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Parameteroptimierung für ein Statistisches Sprachmodell},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {1. Fachtagung der Gesellschaft für Kognitionswissenschaft, 13.-15. Oktober},
      PAGES = {13-17},
      ADDRESS = {Freiburg, Germany}
}
87 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Tagset Reduction Without Information Loss},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {33rd Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACLANNUAL'95)},
      ADDRESS = {Cambridge, Massachussetts, USA},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1995:TRI.pdf}
}
88 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:1995_1,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Estimating HMM Topologies},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Tbilisi Symposium on Language, Logic, and Computation, October 19-22},
      ADDRESS = {Tbilisi, Georgia}
}
89 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Better Language Models with Model Merging},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP '96), May 17-18},
      ADDRESS = {Philadelphia, USA},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1996:BLM.pdf}
}
90 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Estimating Markov Model Structures},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th International Conference on Spoken Language Processing (ICSLP'96), October 3-6},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {893-896},
      EDITOR = {Bunnell, H. T. and Idsardi, W.},
      ADDRESS = {Philadelphia, USA}
}
91 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Internal and External Tagsets in Part-of-Speech Tagging},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {5th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH'97), September 22-25},
      VOLUME = {5},
      PAGES = {2787-2790},
      EDITOR = {Kokkinakis, G. and Fakotakis, N. and Dermatas, E.},
      ADDRESS = {Rhodes, Greece},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/eurospeech97/},
      ABSTRACT = {We present an approach to statistical part-of-speech tagging that uses two different tagsets, one for its internal and one for its external representation. The internal tagset is used in the underlying Markov model, while the external tagset constitutes the output of the tagger. The internal tagset can be modified and optimized to increase tagging accuracy (with respect to the external tagset). We evaluate this approach in an experiment and show that it performs significantly better than approaches using only one tagset.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1997:IET.pdf}
}
92 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Cascaded Markov Models},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {9th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL '99), June 8-12},
      ADDRESS = {Bergen},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/publications/Brants-EACL99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents a new approach to partial parsing of context-free structures. The approach is based on Markov Models. Each layer of the resulting structure is represented by its own Markov Model, and output of a lower layer is passed as input to the next higher layer. An empirical evaluation of the method yields very good results for NP/PP chunking of German newspaper texts.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1999:CMM.pdf Brants:1999:CMM.ps}
}
93 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Inter-Annotator Agreement for a German Newspaper Corpus},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2000), May 31 - June 2},
      ADDRESS = {Athens, Greece},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/publications/Brants-LREC00.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents the results of an investigation on inter-annotator agreement for the NEGRA corpus, consisting of German newspaper texts. The corpus is syntactically annotated with part-of-speech and structural information. Agreement for part-of-speech is 98.6%, the labeled F-score for structures is 92.4%. The two annotations are used to create a common final version by discussing differences and by several iterations of cleaning. Initial and final versions are compared. We identify categories causing large numbers of differences and categories that are handled inconsistently.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:2000:IAA.pdf Brants:2000:IAA.ps}
}
94 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {TnT - A Statistical Part-of-Speech Tagger},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {6th Applied Natural Language Processing (ANLP '00), April 29 - May 4},
      PAGES = {224-231},
      ADDRESS = {Seattle, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {Association for Computational Lingusitics},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/publications/Brants-ANLP00.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Trigrams'n'Tags (TnT) is an efficient statistical part-of-speech tagger. Contrary to claims found elsewhere in the literature, we argue that a tagger based on Markov models performs at least as well as other current approaches, including the Maximum Entropy framework. A recent comparison has even shown that TnT performs significantly better for the tested corpora. We describe the basic model of TnT, the techniques used for smoothing and for handling unknown words. Furthermore, we present evaluations on two corpora.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:2000:TSP.pdf Brants:2000:TSP.ps}
}
95 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_Crocker:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten and Crocker, Matthew W.},
      TITLE = {Probabilistic Parsing and Psychological Plausibility},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {18th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '00), July 31 - August 4},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {111-117},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Luxembourg, Nancy},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmannn Publishers},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/publications/Brants-Crocker-COLING00.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Given the recent evidence for probabilistic mechanisms in models of human ambiguity resolution, this paper investigates the plausibility of exploiting current wide-coverage, probabilistic parsing techniques to model human linguistic performance. In particular, we investigate the performance of standard stochastic parsers when they are revised to operate incrementally, and with reduced memory resources. We present techniques for ranking and filtering analyses, together with experimental results. Our results confirm that stochastic parsers which adhere to these psychologically motivated constraints achieve good performance. Memory can be reduced down to 1% (compared to exhausitve search) without reducing recall and precision. Additionally, these models exhibit substantially faster performance. Finally, we argue that this general result is likely to hold for more sophisticated, and psycholinguistically plausible, probabilistic parsing models.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:2000:PPP.pdf Brants:2000:PPP.ps}
}
96 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_Plaehn:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten and Plaehn, Oliver},
      TITLE = {Interactive Corpus Annotation},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'00), May 31 - June 2},
      EDITOR = {Gavrilidou, M. and Carayannis, G. and Markantonatou, S. and Piperidis, Stelios and Steinhaouer, G.},
      ADDRESS = {Athens, Greece},
      PUBLISHER = {European Language Resource Association (ELRA)},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~plaehn/papers/lrec2000.ps.gz http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~plaehn/papers/lrec2000.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We present an easy-to-use graphical tool for syntactic corpus annotation. This tool, Annotate, interacts with a part-of-speech tagger and a parser running in the background. The parser incrementally suggests single phrases bottom-up based on cascaded Markov models. A human annotator confirms or rejects the parser's suggestions. This semi-automatic process facilitates a very rapid and efficient annotation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:2000:ICA.pdf Brants:2000:ICA.ps}
}
97 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_Samuelsson:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten and Samuelsson, Christer},
      TITLE = {Tagging the Teleman Corpus},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics, May 30-31},
      ADDRESS = {Helsinki, Finland},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1995:TTCa.pdf}
}
98 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_Skut:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten and Skut, Wojciech},
      TITLE = {Automation of Treebank Annotation},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd International Conference on New Methods in Language Processing (NeMLaP'98), January 11-24},
      ADDRESS = {Sydney, Australia},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/nemlap98/},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper describes applications of stochastic and symbolic NLP methods to treebank annotation. In particular we focus on (1) the automation of treebank annotation, (2) the comparison of conflicting annotations for the same sentence and (3) the automatic detection of inconsistencies. These techniques are currently employed for building a German treebank.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1998:ATA.pdf}
}
99 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_et_al:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten and Skut, Wojciech and Krenn, Brigitte},
      TITLE = {Tagging Grammatical Functions},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP '97)},
      ADDRESS = {Providence, Rhode Island, USA},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/emnlp97/},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper addresses issues in automated treebank construction. We show how standard part-of-speech tagging techniques extend to the more general problem of structural annotation, especially for determining grammatical functions and syntactic categories. Annotation is viewed as an interactive process where manual and automatic processing alternate. Efficiency and accuracy results are presented. We also discuss further automation steps.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1997:TGF.pdf}
}
100 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brants_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Brants, Thorsten and Skut, Wojciech and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Syntactic Annotation of a German Newspaper Corpus},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {ATALA sur le Corpus Annotés pour la Syntaxe Treebanks, June 18-19},
      PAGES = {69-76},
      EDITOR = {Abeillé, Anne},
      ADDRESS = {Paris, France},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~thorsten/publications/Brants-ea-ATALA99.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We report on the syntactic annotation of a German newspaper corpus. The annotations consists of context-free structures, additionally allowing crossing branches, with labeled nodes (phrases) and edges (grammatical functions). Furthermore, we present a new, interactive semi-automatic annotation process that allows efficient and reliable annotations.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brants:1999:SAG.pdf}
}
101 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Braun_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Braun, Bettina and Koreman, Jacques and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {The Effect of Accentuation on Vowel Recognition},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Prosody 2000 Workshop: Speech Recognition and Synthesis, October 2-5},
      ADDRESS = {Kraków, Poland},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~trouvain/braun_et_al_00.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Braun:2000:EAV.pdf}
}
102 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brawer:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Brawer, Sascha},
      TITLE = {Mechanismen einer kontextfreien Grammatik für des Deutsche},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {Studentenprogramm der 18. Deutschen Jahrestagung für Künstliche Intelligenz (KI-94), September 21-23},
      NUMBER = {D-94-12},
      EDITOR = {Sehn, A. and Autexier, S.},
      SERIES = {DFKI-Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany}
}
103 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brawer:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Brawer, Sascha},
      TITLE = {Treating German with a Provable Context-Free Grammar. Coping with Subcategorization, Unbound Dependencies and Partial Free-Word Order},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {5. Tagung der Computerlingustik Studenten (TaCoS), 24.-28. Mai},
      PAGES = {5-16},
      EDITOR = {Brawer, Sascha},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany}
}
104 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bredenkamp_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Bredenkamp, Andrew and Crysmann, Berthold and Petrea, Mirela},
      TITLE = {Building Multilingual Controlled Language Performance Checkers},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop on Controlled Language Applications (CLAW 2000), April 29-30},
      PAGES = {83-89},
      ADDRESS = {Seattle, Washington, USA}
}
105 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bredenkamp_et_al:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Bredenkamp, Andrew and Crysmann, Berthold and Petrea, Mirela},
      TITLE = {Looking for Errors: A Declarative Formalism for Resource-Adaptive Language Checking},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC-2000), May 31 - June 2},
      PAGES = {667-673},
      ADDRESS = {Athens, Greece},
      URL = {http://flag.dfki.de/pdf/LREC.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {The paper describes a phenomenonbased approach to grammar checking, which draws on the integration of different shallow NLP technologies, including morphological and POS taggers, as well as probabilistic and rulebased partial parsers. We present a declarative specification formalism for grammar checking and controlled language applications which greatly facilitates the development of checking components.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bredenkamp:2000:LED.pdf}
}
106 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bredenkamp_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Bredenkamp, Andrew and Declerck, Thierry and Fouvry, Frederik and Music, Bradley},
      TITLE = {Efficient Integrated Tagging of Word Constructs},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'96), August 5-9},
      PAGES = {1028-1031},
      EDITOR = {Linguistics, Association for Computational},
      ADDRESS = {Copenhagen, Denmark},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe a robust texthandling component, which can deal with free text in a wide range of formats and can successfully identify a wide range of phenomena, including chemical formulae, dates, numbers and proper nouns. The set of regular expressions used to capture numbers in written form (sechsundzwanzig) in German is given as an example. Proper noun candidates are identified by means of regular expressions, these being then rejected or accepted on the basis of runtime interaction with the user. This tagging component is integrated in a largescale grammar development environment, and provides direct input to the grammatical analysis component of the system by means of lift rules which convert tagged text into partial linguistic structures.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bredenkamp:1996:EIT.pdf}
}
107 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bredenkamp_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Bredenkamp, Andrew and Declerck, Thierry and Fouvry, Frederik and Music, Bradley and Theofilidis, Axel},
      TITLE = {Linguistic Engineering Using ALEP},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Recent Advantages in Natural Language Processing (RANLP '97), September 11-13},
      ADDRESS = {Sofia, Bulgaria},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/declerck97_ranlp.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/declerck97_ranlp.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper focuses on the experiences of the LS-GRAM project and some post LS-GRAM activities with the ALEP platform. We see ALEP as an open and generic environment, providing a usable, programmable framework for the integration of various language engineering (LE) components into a powerful NLP environment. Well-defined interfaces ensure the flow of information between distinct phases of language processing.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bredenkamp:1997:LEU.pdf Bredenkamp:1997:LEU.ps}
}
108 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bredenkamp_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Bredenkamp, Andrew and Klein, Judith and Crysmann, Berthold},
      TITLE = {Annotation of Error Types for a German News Corpus},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {ATALA sur les Corpus Annotés pour la Syntaxe Treebanks, June 18-19},
      ADDRESS = {Paris, France},
      URL = {http://flag.dfki.de/pdf/ErrAnnot.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper will discuss the corpus annotation effort in the FLAG project and its application for assisting in the development of controlled language and grammar checking applications. The main aim of theGerman government funded FLAGproject1 is to develop technologies for controlled language (CL) and grammar checking applications for German. The project work has therefore been divided into two separate but complementary streams of activity. Firstly, the aim was to develop an modular NLP software architecture for quickly developing different kinds of CL and grammar checking applications. Secondly, to validate the first activity, it was seen as important to build up an empirical base for testing and formally evaluating checking components. Given the lack of existing annotated corpora of errors for German (or indeed for any language as far as the authors know), the construction of such a corpus was a high priority task. This would enable us not only to perform quantitative tests, but also to derive an empirically based typology of errors which the project could use for orientation. The corpus was particularly important given the approach which the FLAG project was taking to the task of grammar and controlled language checking, which relies on a phenomenonoriented approach to the problem of identifying errors, using shallow processing techniques. In order to finetune the heuristics which are central to such an approach, i.e. one based on identifying “candidate errors” of increasing probability, it is essential to have good test suites annotated with respect to the phenomena under investigation. The annotation of the corpus was to be carried out in such a way that we could easily access and quantify snapshots of the data, for producing test suites for testing purposes and for producing statistics on the frequency of particular error types. The research community not only lacked an annotated corpus of errors, there was no existing ontology of errors which could be easily translated into an annotation schema. The definition of such a schema based on traditional descriptions of errors (such as Luik, 1993a; Luik, 1993b) thus formed the first major workpackage. Fortunately, tools for the annotation of corpora, and the management thereof are becoming increasingly sophisticated; it was therefore necessary to evaluate a number of tools in the light of our specific needs.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bredenkamp:1999:AET.pdf}
}
109 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Bretan_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Bretan, Ivan and Engstedt, Maans and Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {A Multimodal Environment for Telecommunication Specifications},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP '96). Current Issues in Linguistic Theory},
      EDITOR = {Nicolov, N. and Mitkov, R.},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam},
      PUBLISHER = {John Benjamins},
      URL = {http://www.sics.se/~gamback/publications/ranlpbook.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Bretan:1996:MET.pdf Bretan:1996:MET.ps}
}
110 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brinckmann_Benzmüller:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Brinckmann, Caren and Benzmüller, Ralf},
      TITLE = {The Relationship Between Utterance Type and F0 Contour in German},
      YEAR = {1999},
      MONTH = {5 September},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings 6th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology (EUROSPEECH '99)},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {21-24},
      ADDRESS = {Budapest, Hungary},
      PUBLISHER = {ESCA},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~cabr/Eurospeech99/},
      ABSTRACT = {In this study we investigate the intonational characteristics of the four utterance types statement, wh-question, yes/no-question and declarative question. Readings of two German scripted dialogues were examined to ascertain characteristic features of the F0 contour for each utterance type. Final boundary tone, nuclear pitch accent, F0 offset, F0 onset, F0 range, and the slopes of a topline and a bottomline were determined for each utterance and compared for the four utterance types. Results show that for an average speaker, the final boundary tone, the F0 range, and the slope of the topline can be used to distinguish between the four utterance types. However, speakers may deviate from this pattern and exploit other intonational means to distinguish certain utterance types or choose not to mark a syntactic difference at all.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Brinckmann:1999:RBU.pdf Brinckmann:1999:RBU.ps}
}
111 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Brinckmann_Trouvain:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Brinckmann, Caren and Trouvain, Jürgen},
      TITLE = {On the Role of Duration Prediction and Symbolic Representation for the Evaluation of Synthetic Speech},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings 4th ISCA Tutorial and Research Workshop on Speech Synthesis},
      PAGES = {35--40},
      ADDRESS = {Pitlochry, Scotland},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~cabr/ssw4},
      ABSTRACT = {In order to determine priorities for the improvement of timing in synthetic speech this study looks at the role of segmental duration prediction and the role of phonological symbolic representation in listeners' preferences. In perception experiments using German speech synthesis, two standard duration models (Klatt rules and CART) were tested. The input to these models consisted of symbolic strings which were either derived from a database or a text-to-speech system. Results of the perception experiments show that different duration models can only be distinguished when the symbolic string is appropriate. Considering the relative importance of the symbolic representation, ``post-lexical'' segmental rules were investigated with the outcome that listeners differ in their preferences regarding the degree of segmental reduction. As a conclusion, before fine-tuning the duration prediction, it is important to calculate an appropriate phonological symbolic representation in order to improve timing in synthetic speech.},
      ANNOTE = {Brinckmann:2001:RDP}
}
112 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul},
      TITLE = {The Acquisition of Defaults in Lexical Semantic Representations},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop on Lexical Semantic Systems (WLSS '98), April 6-7},
      ADDRESS = {Pisa, Italy},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/wlss98.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The paper defends the notion that semantic tagging should be viewed as more than disambiguation between senses. Instead, semantic tagging should be a first step in the interpretation process by assigning each lexical item a representation of all of its systematically related senses, from which further semantic processing steps can derive discourse dependent interpretations. This leads to a new type of semantic lexicon (CoreLex ) that supports underspecified semantic tagging through a design based on systematic polysemous classes and a class-based acquisition of lexical knowledge for specific domains.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:1998:ADL.pdf Buitelaar:1998:ADL.ps}
}
113 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar:1998_1,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul},
      TITLE = {Specification and Underspecification in Lexical Semantic Processing for Information Extraction},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Bad Teinach Workshop on Underspecification, May},
      ADDRESS = {Bad Teinach, Germany},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/teinach.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The work reported here is part of a research effort to extend an existing information extraction system (SMES) with more sophisticated lexical semantic capabilities, including the use of underspecified representations, in order to make the important step of domain modelling, in porting the system to different application areas, more systematic and generally to increase the accuracy of the system. In general, information extraction (IE) is a rather scaled down version of natural language understanding, in which there is little room for the processing of deep (i.e. lexical semantic) knowledge. However, in obvious ways, underspecified lexical semantic representations can be seen as shallow lexical meanings that have a similar status as chunks in syntactic processing. Therefore, the use of such representations in IE seems an attractive option to extend the semantic capabilities of these systems, although it is not entirely clear where underspecification will be useful and where not. It is the topic of this paper to investigate this into some respect.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:1998:SUL.pdf Buitelaar:1998:SUL.ps}
}
114 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar:1998_2,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul},
      TITLE = {CoreLex: An Ontology of Systematic Polysemous Classes},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems (FOIS'98), June 6-8},
      VOLUME = {46},
      PAGES = {221-235},
      EDITOR = {Guarino, Nicola},
      SERIES = {Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications},
      ADDRESS = {Trento, Italy},
      PUBLISHER = {IOS Press},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/fois98.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper is concerned with a unified approach to the systematic polysemy and underspecification of nouns. Systematic polysemy -- senses that are systematically related and therefore predictable over classes of lexical items -- is fundamentally different from homonymy -- senses that are unrelated, non-systematic and therefore not predictable. At the same time, studies in discourse analysis show that lexical items are often left underspecified for a number of related senses. Clearly, there is a correspondence between these phenomena, the investigation of which is the topic of this paper. Acknowledging the systematic nature of polysemy and its relation to underspecified representations, allows one to structure ontologies for lexical semantic processing more efficiently, generating more appropriate interpretations within context. In order to achieve this, one needs a thorough analysis of systematic polysemy and underspecification on a large and useful scale. The paper establishes an ontology and semantic database (CoreLex) of 126 semantic types, covering around 40,000 nouns and defining a large number of systematic polysemous classes that are derived by a careful analysis of sense distributions in WordNet. The semantic types are underspecified representations based on generative lexicon theory.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:1998:COS.pdf Buitelaar:1998:COS.ps}
}
115 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul},
      TITLE = {Ambiguity in Semantic Annotation Submitted},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Standardizing Lexical Resources Workshop (SIGLEX '99), June 21-22},
      ADDRESS = {University of Maryland College Park, USA}
}
116 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul},
      TITLE = {Reducing Lexical Semantic Complexity with Systematic Polysemous Classes and Underspecification},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop on Syntactic and Semantic Complexity in Natural Language Processing Systems (ANLP-NAACL'00), April 29 - May 3},
      EDITOR = {Bagga, Amit and Pustejovsky, James and Zadrozny, Wlodek},
      ADDRESS = {Seattle, Washington, USA},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/anlp00.ps. http://dfki.de/~paulb/anlp00.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents an algorithm for finding systematic polysemous classes in WordNet and similar semantic databases, based on a definition in (Apresjan 1973). The introduction of systematic polysemous classes can reduce the amount of lexical semantic processing, because the number of disambiguation decisions can be restricted more clearly to those cases that involve real ambiguity (homonymy). In many applications, for instance in document categorization, information retrieval, and information extraction, it may be sufficient to know if a given word belongs to a certain class (underspecified sense) rather than to know which of its (related) senses exactly to pick. The approach for finding systematic polysemous classes is based on that of (Buitelaar 1998a, Buitelaar 1998b), while addressing some previous shortcomings.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:2000:RLS.pdf Buitelaar:2000:RLS.ps}
}
117 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul},
      TITLE = {The SENSEVAL-II Panel on Domains, Topics and Senses},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 2nd International Workshop on Evaluating Word Sense Disambiguation Systems (SENSEVAL-II)},
      ADDRESS = {Toulouse},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/senseval2.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {An important aspect of sense disambiguation is the wider semantic space (domain, topic) in which the ambiguous word occurs. This may be most clearly illustrated by some cross-lingual examples, as they would appear in (machine) translation. Consider for instance the English word housing. In a more general 'sense', this translates in German into Wohnung. In an engineering setting however it translates into Gehaeuse. Also verbs may be translated differently (i.e. have a different sense) according to the semantic space in which they occur. For instance, English warming up translates into erhitzen in a more general sense, but into aufwaermen in the sports domain. Because of the apparent relevance then of domains or topics on sense disambiguation, a panel was organized at SENSEVAL-2 to discuss some current and previous work in this area. The paper presents a more extended overview based on the relevant literature, besides giving a summary of the discussion that developed after the panel presentations.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:2001:SIP.pdf Buitelaar:2001:SIP.ps}
}
118 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul},
      TITLE = {Lexical Semantics in the Age of the Semantic Web – Invited Talk},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the Conference of the Slovenian Society for Language Technologies, 14 - 15th October 2002},
      PAGES = {6 - 10},
      EDITOR = {Erjavec, Tomaz and Gros, Jerneja},
      ADDRESS = {Ljubljana, Slovenia},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/sdjt02.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {Lexical semantics is the study of word meaning. The semantic web is a vision of what the web could be if it would foremost consist of knowledge (structured data) rather than text or other unstructured data as it is today. This paper is about the future of word meaning if the semantic web becomes a reality. First, I will therefore briefly clarify what the semantic web vision consists of, followed by a sketch of lexical semantics. Finally, I will speculate on how the inherent semantic standardization process of the semantic web could have a dramatic influence on the study and use of word meaning.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:2002:LSA.pdf}
}
119 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul and Alexandersson, Jan and Jaeger, Tilman and Lesch, Stephan and Pfleger, Norbert and Raileanu, Diana and von den Berg, Tanja and Klöckner, Kerstin and Neis, Holger and Schlarb, Hubert},
      TITLE = {An Unsupervised Semantic Tagger Applied to German},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Recent Advances in Natural Language Processing (RANLP'01), September 5-7},
      ADDRESS = {Tzigov Chark, Bulgaria},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/ranlp01.ps ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/ranlp01.pdf http://dfki.de/~paulb/ranlp01.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe an unsupervised semantic tagger, applied to German, but which could be used with any language for which a corresponding XNet (WordNet, GermaNet, e tc.), POS tagger and morphological analyzer are available. Disambiguation is per formed by comparing co-occurrence weights on pairs of semantic classes (synsets from GermaNet). Precision is around 67% at a recall of around 65% (for all ambig uous words -- 81% for all words at a recall of 80%). Our results show the influe nce of context size and of semantic class frequency in the training corpus.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:2001:UST.pdf Buitelaar:2001:UST.ps}
}
120 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar_Mineur:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul and Mineur, Anne-Marie},
      TITLE = {Coercion and Compositionality in Categorial Grammar},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {9th Amsterdam Colloquium},
      PAGES = {175-188},
      EDITOR = {Dekker, Paul and Stokhof, Martin},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam},
      PUBLISHER = {Institute for Logic, Language and Computation},
      URL = {Full text in postscript gzipped http://dfki.de/~paulb/ac93.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:1994:CCC.pdf Buitelaar:1994:CCC.ps}
}
121 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul and Netter, Klaus and Xu, Feiyu},
      TITLE = {Integrating Different Strategies in Cross-Language Information Retrieval in the MIETTA Project},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 14th Twente Workshop on Language Technology (TWLT 14). Language Technology in Multimedia Information Retrieval, December 7-8},
      PAGES = {9-17},
      EDITOR = {Hiemstra, Djoerd and de Jong, Franciska and Netter, Klaus},
      ADDRESS = {Enschede, The Netherlands},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/kn-twlt14-98.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper we describe an integrated approach to cross-language retrieval within the MIETTA project, whose objective is to build a special purpose search engine in the tourism domain that covers information from a number of geographical regions. MIETTA is designed to enable users to search and retrievegeographical regions. MIETTA is designed to enable users to search and retrieve information on the regions covered in their own language preferably. In order to facilitate the user with such functionality, the system includes document translation, cross-language query translation, multilingual generation from information extraction templates and document classification. In addition, query expansion is offered to identify proper query translation and enable template matching for information extraction purposes.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:1998:IDS.pdf}
}
122 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar_Sacaleanu:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul and Sacaleanu, Bogdan},
      TITLE = {Ranking and Selecting Synsets by Domain Relevance},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the WordNet and Other Lexical Resources: Applications, Extensions and Customizations. NAACL Workshop},
      ADDRESS = {Pittsburgh},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/lexres.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {The paper presents a novel method for domain specific sense assignment. The method determines the domain specific relevance of GermaNet synsets on the basis of the relevance of their constituent terms that co-occur within representative domain corpora. The approach is task independent and completely automatic. Experiments show results on three selected domains: business, soccer and medical.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:2001:RSS.pdf}
}
123 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Buitelaar_Sacaleanu:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Buitelaar, Paul and Sacaleanu, Bogdan},
      TITLE = {Extending Synsets with Medical Terms},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 1st International WordNet Conference, January 21-25},
      ADDRESS = {Mysore, India},
      URL = {http://dfki.de/~paulb/gwa.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {An important problematic issue with general semantic lexicons like WordNet or GermaNet is that they do not cover many terms and concepts specific to certain domains. Therefore, these resources need to be tuned to a specific domain at hand. This involves selecting those senses that are most appropriate for the domain, as well as extending the sense inventory with novel terms and novel senses that are specific to the domain. In this paper we focus on extending GermaNet synsets with domain specific terms, taking into account the domain relevance of senses (i.e. synsets).},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Buitelaar:2002:ESM.pdf}
}
124 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Structure-Driven Generation From Seperate Semantic Representations},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the European Chapter of the ACL (EACL'91)},
      PAGES = {113-118},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin, Germany},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Busemann_1991_SDGFSSR.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {A new approach to structure-driven generation is presented that is based on a separate semantics as input structure. For the first time, a GPSGbased formalism is complemented with a system of pattern-action rules that relate the parts of a semantics to appropriate syntactic rules. This way a front end generator can be adapted to some application system (such as a machine translation system) more easily than would be possible with many previous generators based on modern grammar formalisms.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1991:SDG.pdf}
}
125 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1991_2,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Using Pattern-Action Rules for the Generation of GPSG Structures from MT-Oriented Semantics},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 12th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI'91), August 24-30},
      PAGES = {1003-1011},
      EDITOR = {Mylopoulos, John and Reiter, Raymond},
      ADDRESS = {Sydney, Australia},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Busemann_1991_UPARFTGOG.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {In many tactical NL generators the semantic input structure is taken for granted. In this paper, a new approach to multilingual, tactical generation is presented that keeps the syntax separate from the semantics. This allows for the system to be directly adapted to application-dependent representations. In the case at hand, the semantics is specifically designed for sentence-semantic transfer in a machine translation system. The syntax formalism used is Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar (GPSG). The mapping from semantic onto syntactic structures is performed by a set of pattern-action rules. Each rule matches a piece of the input structure and guides the GPSG structure-building process by telling it which syntax rule(s) to apply. The scope of each pattern-action rule is strictly local, the actions are primitive, and rules can not call each other. These restrictions render the production rule approach both highly modular and transparent.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1991:UPAb.pdf}
}
126 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1992_1,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Lexical Choice and Knowledge Representation},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {DFKI Workshop on Taxonomic Reasoning, February 26},
      NUMBER = {D-92-08},
      PAGES = {33-39},
      EDITOR = {Heinsohn, Jochen and Hollunder, Bernhard},
      SERIES = {DFKI Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Busemann_1992_LCAKR.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Recently the problem of choosing communicatively adequate lexemes has attracted much interest in the NL generation community, in general, the task amounts to deciding for a given representation of an intended meaning, which words will most appropriately convey that meaning to the addressee. Whether lexical choice must be exact in the sense that all and only the intended meaning is verbalized, depends on the respective communication situation. In a multimodal discourse, where language is supplemented by gestures or graphics, the linguistic device need not convey everything to the partner. In written discourse without a predefined context, as in DISCO, exact verbalization seems much more in order. In all theories of lexical choice, the convergence problem has to be solved: there is always a decision for exactly one lexical item. We may distinguish the following subtasks of lexical choice: Definite reference, proforms: Events and objects must often be described using words that allow for an unambiguous identification of the referent. The problem subdivides in finding appropriate words for the referents and in describing the relations between them, as deictic and intrinsic readings of The ball is infront of the car suggest. Social jugdement: Some words carry social jugdements with them. German Putzfrau and Raumpflegerin mean both cleaning woman, but only the latter is now used officially.1 The former has a pejorative connotation. See [6]. Collocations: There are different kinds of cooccurrence restrictions between lexemes. Some words cannot be used together with others, some tend to be used together with others and some yield a different meaning when used with certain others (idioms). Choice of open class words: Given a conceptual representation of the intended meaning, an appropriate word for each concept must be identified. In this paper, we assume that for lexical selection the following kinds of knowledge are necessary: • the concepts of the meaning representation language • lexical entries (lemmata and/or phrasal items including semantic and syntactic in formation, among other things ) • knowledge about the reader (including the reader's goals ans beliefs) • knowledge about the linguistic, situational, and social context We will show that lexical choice requires a domain model based on linguistic considerations, and that standard KL-ONE techniques are insufficient for parts of the task at hand.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1992:LCK.pdf}
}
127 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1993_1,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Implicit Relationships between Grammar and Control},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {4. Fachtagung der Sektion Computerlinguistik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft. Deklarative und prozedurale Aspekte der Sprachverarbeitung, November 17-19},
      PAGES = {12-17},
      EDITOR = {Herweg, M.},
      ADDRESS = {Hamburg, Germany}
}
128 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1993_2,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Towards Configurable Generation Systems. Some Initial Ideas},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {DFKI Workshop on Natural Language Systems: Re-Usability and Modularity, October 23},
      NUMBER = {D-93-03},
      PAGES = {57-64},
      EDITOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Harbusch, Karin},
      SERIES = {DFKI Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {DFKI},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/config.dvi.Z ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/config.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/config.ps.Z},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1993:TCG.pdf Busemann:1993:TCG.ps Busemann:1993:TCG.dvi}
}
129 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1993_3,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Towards the Configuration of Generation Systems: Some Initial Ideas},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {DFKI Workshop on Natural Language Systems: Re-Usability and Modularity, October 23},
      NUMBER = {D-93-03},
      PAGES = {57-64},
      EDITOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Harbusch, Karin},
      SERIES = {DFKI Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {DFKI},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Busemann_1992_DWNLSRM.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper gives some preliminary ideas about configurable generators. After discussing a generic application situation, the idea of configurable system architectures is presented. We then show how both static and dynamic (run-time) configuration can be achieved in the generator of DFKI's (sc Cosma) system, which is involved in multi-agent e-mail dialogues about appointment scheduling.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1993:TCGb.pdf}
}
130 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Towards Classification of Generation Subtasks},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Principles of Natural Language Generation. Papers from a Dagstuhl-Seminar},
      NUMBER = {SI-12},
      PAGES = {25-32},
      EDITOR = {Hoeppner, Wolfgang and Horacek, Helmut},
      SERIES = {Dagstuhl-Seminar-Report},
      ADDRESS = {Duisburg, Germany},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Busemann_1994_TSOGS.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1995:TCG.pdf}
}
131 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Best-First Surface Realization},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 8th International Natural Language Generation Workshop (INLG'96), June},
      PAGES = {101-110},
      EDITOR = {Scott, Donia},
      ADDRESS = {Sussex, UK},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/tg2.ps.Z http://arxiv.org/PS_cache/cmp-lg/pdf/9605/9605010.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Current work in surface realization concentrates on the use of general, abstract algorithms that interpret large, reversible grammars. Only little attention has been paid so far to the many small and simple applications that require coverage of a small sublanguage at different degrees of sophistication. The system TG/2 described in this paper can be smoothly integrated with deep generation processes, it integrates canned text, templates, and context-free rules into a single formalism, it allows for both textual and tabular output, and it can be parameterized according to linguistic preferences. These features are based on suitably restricted production system techniques and on a generic backtracking regime.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1996:BFSb.pdf Busemann:1996:BFSb.ps}
}
132 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Putting Semantic-Head-Driven Generation to the Limits: Experiments with Multi-Purpose Semantic Representations},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {DFKI Workshop on Natural Language Generation, April 1997},
      NUMBER = {D-97-06},
      PAGES = {8-14},
      EDITOR = {Becker, Tilman and Busemann, Stephan and Finkler, Wolfgang},
      SERIES = {DFKI Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {DFKI},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann97.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann97.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann97.dvi.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1997:PSH.pdf Busemann:1997:PSH.ps Busemann:1997:PSH.dvi}
}
133 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Language Technology for Transnational Web Services},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of Advancing the Information Society - European Telematics Conference '98, February 4-6},
      PAGES = {101--105},
      ADDRESS = {Barcelona, Spain},
      PUBLISHER = {European Commission DG XIII},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann98.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann98.entry},
      ABSTRACT = {The growing flood of information on the internet is mostly encoded in language. The increasing need to augment existing technology for searching, extracting, and summarizing information encoded in multiple languages can be met by employing advanced language technology. This paper concentrates on results achieved within the TEMSIS and ongoing MULINEX projects in meeting these needs, and presents key concepts for the exploitation of the web.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1998:LTT.pdf Busemann:1998:LTT.ps}
}
134 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1998_1,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {A Shallow Formalism for Defining Personalized Text},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop Professionelle Erstellung von Papier- und Online-Dokumenten: Perspektiven für die automatische Textgenerierung. 22nd Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence (KI '98), 15.-17. September},
      ADDRESS = {Bremen, Germany},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann98b.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann98b.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann98b.dvi.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this workshop note, we sketch techniques suited to generate personalized text within the shallow verbalization system TG/2. In a grammar-engineering phase, alternative formulations of messages corresponding to different user types are encoded into the generation grammar. A set of parameters denoting properties of verbalization alternatives is associated with the respective grammar rules. The user provides to the system the parameter values she desires. During generation, the rules matching the criteria best are preferred, leading to personalized text.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1998:SFD.pdf Busemann:1998:SFD.ps}
}
135 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Constraint-Based Techniques for Interfacing Software Modules},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the AISB'99 Workshop on Reference Architectures and Data Standards for NLP, April 6-9},
      PAGES = {48-54},
      EDITOR = {Mellish, Chris and Scott, Donia},
      ADDRESS = {Edinburgh, Scotland},
      PUBLISHER = {The Society for the Study of Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {The reuse of standardized software is among the primary goals of application builders. The vision of a building block scenario of pieces of software that can be configured to form a new application is becoming real. However, this vision places strong requirements on the interfaces. Practice dictates that it must be easy to combine building blocks. Hence the interfaces should be flexible and, ideally, adaptable to new tasks or domains. This paper presents a simple method to structurally relate interface languages and to check the syntactic correctness of expressions.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1999:CBT.pdf Busemann:1999:CBT.ps}
}
136 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Interfacing Constraint-Based Grammars and Generation Algorithms},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop Analysis for Generation. 1st International Conference on Natural Language Generation, June 12-16},
      ADDRESS = {Mitzpe Ramon, Israel},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann00.ps.gz. http://arXiv.org/abs/cs.CL/0008003},
      ABSTRACT = {Constraint-based grammars can, in principle, serve as the major linguistic knowledge source for both parsing and generation. Surface generation starts from input semantics representations that may vary across grammars. For many declarative grammars, the concept of derivation implicitly built in is that of parsing. They may thus not be interpretable by a generation algorithm. We show that linguistically plausible semantic analyses can cause severe problems for semantic-head-driven approaches for generation (SHDG). We use SeReal, a variant of SHDG and the DISCO grammar of German as our source of examples. We propose a new, general approach that explicitly accounts for the interface between the grammar and the generation algorithm by adding a control-oriented layer to the linguistic knowledge base that reorganizes the semantics in a way suitable for generation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:2000:ICB.pdf Busemann:2000:ICB.ps}
}
137 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Language Generation for Cross-Lingual Document Summarisation},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the International Workshop on Innovative Language Technology and Chinese Information Processing (ILT&CIP '01)},
      EDITOR = {Sheng, Hyanye},
      ADDRESS = {Shanghai},
      PUBLISHER = {Science Press},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/musi-nlg.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/musi-nlg.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:2001:LGC.pdf}
}
138 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Issues in Generating from Interlingua Representations},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on UNL, other Interlinguas and their Applications},
      PAGES = {1-7},
      EDITOR = {Tovar, Edmundo and Gallardo, Carolina},
      ADDRESS = {Las Palmas},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/interlingua.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/interlingua.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Multi-lingual generation starts from non-linguistic content representations for generating texts in different languages that are equivalent in meaning. In contrast, cross-lingual generation is based on a language-neutral content representation which is the result of a linguistic analysis process. Non-linguistic representations do not reflect the structure of the text. Quite differently, language-neutral representations express functor-argument relationships and other semantic properties found by the underlying analysis process. These differences imply diverse generation tasks. In this contribution, we relate multi-lingual to cross-lingual generation and discuss emergent problems for the definition of an interlingua.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:2002:IGI.pdf}
}
139 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Declerck, Thierry and Diagne, Abdel Kader and Dini, Luca and Klein, Judith and Schmeier, Sven},
      TITLE = {Natural Language Dialogue Service for Appointment Scheduling Agents},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing (ANLP'97), March 31 - April 3},
      PAGES = {25-32},
      EDITOR = {Jacobs, Paul},
      ADDRESS = {Washington D. C., USA},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/anlp97-cosma.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/anlp97-cosma.entry http://arXiv.org/abs/cmp-lg/9702007},
      ABSTRACT = {Appointment scheduling is a problem faced daily by many people and organizations. Cooperating agent systems have been developed to automate this task partially. In order to extend the circle of participants as far as possible we advocate for the use of natural language transmitted by email. We describe Cosma, a fully implemented German language server for existing appointment scheduling agent systems. Cosma can cope with multiple dialogues in parallel, and accounts for differences in dialogue behaviour between human and machine agents. NL coverage of the sublanguage is achieved through both corpus-based grammar development and the use of message extraction techniques.},
      NOTE = {HU},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1997:NLDa.pdf Busemann:1997:NLDa.ps}
}
140 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann_Harbusch:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Harbusch, Karin},
      TITLE = {Re-Usability and Modularity},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {DFKI Workshop on Natural Language Systems},
      NUMBER = {D-93-03},
      EDITOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Harbusch, Karin},
      SERIES = {DFKI Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken}
}
141 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Harbusch, Karin and Wermter, Stefan},
      TITLE = {Hybride konnektionistische, statistische und regelbasierte Ansätze zur Verarbeitung natürlicher Sprache},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop auf der 21. Deutschen Jahrestagung für Künstliche Intelligenz, Freiburg, 9.-10. September 1997},
      NUMBER = {D-98-03},
      EDITOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Harbusch, Karin and Wermter, Stefan},
      SERIES = {DFKI Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {DFKI}
}
142 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann_Hauenschild:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Hauenschild, Christa},
      TITLE = {From FAS Representations to GPSG Structures},
      YEAR = {1989},
      BOOKTITLE = {Views of the Syntax/ Semantics Interface. Proceedings of the Workshop 'GPSG and Semantics', February 22-24},
      NUMBER = {74},
      PAGES = {17-43},
      EDITOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Hauenschild, Christa and Umbach, Carla},
      SERIES = {KIT-Report},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin},
      PUBLISHER = {TU Berlin}
}
143 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann_Horacek:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Horacek, Helmut},
      TITLE = {Generating Air-Quality Reports from Environmental Data},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {DFKI Workshop on Natural Language Generation},
      NUMBER = {D-97-06},
      PAGES = {15-21},
      EDITOR = {Becker, Tilman and Busemann, Stephan and Finkler, Wolfgang},
      SERIES = {DFKI Document},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {DFKI},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/bus-hor97.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/bus-hor97.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/bus-hor97.dvi.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1997:GAQ.pdf Busemann:1997:GAQ.ps Busemann:1997:GAQ.dvi}
}
144 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann_Horacek:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Horacek, Helmut},
      TITLE = {A Flexible Shallow Approach to Text Generation},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {9th International Natural Language Generation Workshop (INLG '98), August 5-7},
      PAGES = {238-247},
      EDITOR = {Hovy, Eduard},
      ADDRESS = {Niagara-on-the-Lake, Ontario, Canada},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann-horacek98.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann-horhacek98.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/busemann-horacek98.dvi.gz. http://arXiv.org/abs/cs.CL/9812018},
      ABSTRACT = {In order to support the efficient development of NL generation systems, two orthogonal methods are currently pursued with emphasis: (1) reusable, general, and linguistically motivated surface realization components, and (2) simple, task-oriented template-based techniques. In this paper we argue that, from an application-oriented perspective, the benefits of both are still limited. In order to improve this situation, we suggest and evaluate shallow generation methods associated with increased flexibility. We advise a close connection between domain-motivated and linguistic ontologies that supports the quick adaptation to new tasks and domains, rather than the reuse of general resources. Our method is especially designed for generating reports with limited linguistic variations.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:1998:FSA.pdf Busemann:1998:FSA.ps Busemann:1998:FSA.dvi}
}
145 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Busemann_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Busemann, Stephan and Schmeier, Sven and Arens, Roman G.},
      TITLE = {Message Classification in the Call Center},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 6th Applied Natural Language Processing Conference (ANLP'00), April 29 - May 4},
      PAGES = {158-165},
      EDITOR = {Nirenburg, Sergei and Appelt, Douglas and Ciravegna, Fabio and Dale, Robert},
      ADDRESS = {Seattle, Washington, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {ACL},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/bus:sch:are:00.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/bus:sch:are:00.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/bus:sch:are:00.dvi.gz. http://arXiv.org/abs/cs.CL/0003060},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Busemann:2000:MCC.pdf Busemann:2000:MCC.ps Busemann:2000:MCC.dvi}
}
146 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Butz:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Butz, Andreas},
      TITLE = {Betty: Planning and Generating Animations for the Visualization of Movements and Spatial Relations},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd International Workshop on Advanced Visual Interfaces (AVI '94), June 1-4},
      PAGES = {53-58},
      EDITOR = {Catarci, T. and Costabile, M. F. and Levialdi, S. and Santucci, G.},
      ADDRESS = {Bari, Italy},
      PUBLISHER = {ACM Press},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.uni-sb.de/~butz/work/betty.ps.Z},
      ABSTRACT = {In the field of multimodal presentation of information on a computer screen normally the modes Text and (statical) Graphics are used [Feiner'89, Wahlster'90 + '93]. But especially the computer screen yields the possibility to present informations in the form of animated graphics, i.e. animations. [Badler'90, Karp'90]. One advantage of animations is, that the dimension Time (succession, duration) can immediately be expressed. Another advantage is, that in an animation it is much easier to (virtually) cross the border to the third spatial dimension than it is in statical graphics. The problem of synthesizing an animation was regarded in this work as a planning problem and the result is an animation planner that, starting from an visualization goal, plans the whole script for an animation including all low-level camera and object motions. The system takes all decisions about camera positions, zooms, moves and cuts considering the actual context as well as some fundamental filmmaking rules [Karp'90]. The script is then realized by a given animation system which computes the single frames and does the playback. BETTY is part of the multimodal user interface WIP (Knowledge-based Presentation of Information, [Wahlster'93]), that generates instructions for technical devices. At the moment BETTY is able to compute animations to demonstrate movements, to localize parts of a device and to explode constructive groups.}
}
147 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Capstick_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Capstick, Joanne and Declerck, Thierry and Erbach, Gregor and Jameson, Anthony and Jörg, Brigitte and Karger, Reinhard and Uszkoreit, Hans and Wahlster, Wolfgang and Wegst, Tillmann},
      TITLE = {COLLATE: Competence Center in Speech and Language Technology},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Language Resources an Evaluation (LREC'02), May 28-31},
      ADDRESS = {Las Palmas, Canary Islands, Spain},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~erbach/pub/collate_lrec_2002.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper presents the structure and activitities of the recently established Competence Center in Speech and Language Technology in Saarbrücken. The objectives of the Competence Center are to provide a comprehensive information service about speech and language technologies, including live demonstrations of the most important language technology (LT) systems, and to advance the state of the art in the evaluation of LT systems for realworld applications. The Competence Center comprises the following components: 1. the Virtual Information Center Language Technology World (www.ltworld.org), the world's most comprehensive information resource about speech and language technology 2. the Demonstration Center in Saarbrücken, which offers interested parties the possibility to play and experiment with different speech and language technologies, or to attend guided demonstrations, 3. the Evaluation Center, which conducts evaluations of the overall usability of language technology systems and advances knowledge of relevant usability issues and evaluation methods. The work presented in this paper was carried out by the German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence in collaboration with Saarland University in the context of the project COLLATE (COmputational Linguistics and LAnguage TEchnology for Real Life Applications), funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (www.bmbf.de).},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Capstick:2002:CCC.pdf}
}
148 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Capstick_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Capstick, Joanne and Diagne, Abdel Kader and Erbach, Gregor and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {MULINEX: Multilingual Web Search and Navigation},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 14th Twente Workshop on Language Technology (TWLT 14). Language Technology in Multimedia Information Retrieval, December 7-8},
      ADDRESS = {University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-nlpia98.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {MULINEX is a multilingual search engine for the WWW. During the phase of document gathering, the system extracts information about documents by making use of language identification, thematic classification and automatic summarisation. In the search phase, the users' query terms are translated in order to enable search in different languages. Search results are presented with a summary and information about the language and thematic categories to which the document belongs. Summaries and documents are translated on demand by making use of the LOGOS machine translation system. The system is to be deployed in the online services of Bertelsmann Telemedia and Grolier Interactive Europe, and supports French, German and English. The current MULINEX prototype is the first system for translingual information access integrating retrieval, summarisation and translation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Capstick:1998:MMWa.pdf Capstick:1998:MMWa.ps}
}
149 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Capstick_et_al:1998_1,
      AUTHOR = {Capstick, Joanne and Diagne, Abdel Kader and Erbach, Gregor and Uszkoreit, Hans and Cagno, Francesco and Gadaleta, Giovanni and Hernandez, Juan A. and Korte, René and Leisenberg, Anne and Leisenberg, Manfred and Christ, Oliver},
      TITLE = {MULINEX :Multilingual Web Search and Navigation},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the International Conference on Natural Language Processing and Industrial Applications (NLP+IA'98), August 18-21},
      ADDRESS = {Moncton, New-Brunswick, Canada},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-nlpia98.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {MULINEX is a multilingual search engine for the WWW. During the phase of document gathering, the system extracts information about documents by making use of language identification, thematic classification and automatic summarisation. In the search phase, the users' query terms are translated in order to enable search in different languages. Search results are presented with a summary and information about the language and thematic categories to which the document belongs. Summaries and documents are translated on demand by making use of the LOGOS machine translation system. The system is to be deployed in the online services of Bertelsmann Telemedia and Grolier Interactive Europe, and supports French, German and English. The current MULINEX prototype is the first system for translingual information access integrating retrieval, summarisation and translation.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Capstick:1998:MMWd.pdf Capstick:1998:MMWd.ps}
}
150 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Capstick_et_al:1998_2,
      AUTHOR = {Capstick, Joanne and Erbach, Gregor and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Design and Evaluation of a Psychological Experiment on the Effectivness of Document Summarisation for the Retrieval of Multilingual WWW Documents},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {AAAI Spring Symposium Intelligent Text Summarization},
      PAGES = {134-136},
      EDITOR = {Hovy, Eduard and Radev, Dragomir R.},
      ADDRESS = {Palo Alto},
      PUBLISHER = {The AAAI Press},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~erbach/pub/aaai98/mulinex-aaai98.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Since for the foreseeable future, retrieval will be an interactive task of the user looking through lists of potentially relevant documents, adequate support through various types of information is very important. A psychological experiment was conducted to examine the extent to which different types of automatically generated summaries aid retrieval and systematically evaluate user needs and behaviour in the area of cross-language retrieval for the WWW.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Capstick:1998:DEP.pdf}
}
151 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Carroll_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Carroll, John and Frank, Anette and Lin, Dekang and Prescher, Detlef and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Introductory pages of the editors},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Beyond PARSEVAL - Towards Improved Evaluation Measures for Parsing Systems. Workshop at the 3rd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'02), May 28},
      EDITOR = {Carroll, John and Frank, Anette and Lin, Dekang and Prescher, Detlef and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      ADDRESS = {Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/intro.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Carroll:2002:IPE.pdf Carroll:2002:IPE.ps}
}
152 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Copestake_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Copestake, Ann and Carroll, John and Flickinger, Dan and Malouf, Robert and Oepen, Stephan},
      TITLE = {Using an Open-Source Unification-Based System for CL/ NLP Teaching},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the EACL/ ACL Workshop on Sharing Tools and Resources for Research and Education},
      ADDRESS = {Toulouse, France},
      URL = {http://www.cogs.susx.ac.uk/lab/nlp/carroll/papers/acl01-workshop-lkb.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We demonstrate the opensource LKB system which has been used to teach the fundamentals of constraintbased grammar development to several groups of students.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Copestake:2001:UOS.pdf}
}
153 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Cowie_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Cowie, Roddy and Douglas-Cowie, Ellen and Savvidou, Suzie and McMahon, Edelle and Sawey, Martin and Schröder, Marc},
      TITLE = {'FEELTRACE': An Instrument for Recording Perceived Emotion in Real Time},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the ISCA Workshop on Speech and Emotion: A Conceptual Framework for Research},
      PAGES = {19-24},
      EDITOR = {Douglas-Cowie, Ellen and Cowie, Roddy and Schröder, Marc},
      ADDRESS = {Belfast},
      PUBLISHER = {Textflow},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~schroed/articles/cowieetal2000.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {FEELTRACE is an instrument developed to let observers track the emotional content of a stimulus as they perceive it over time, allowing the emotional dynamics of speech episodes to be examined. It is based on activation-evaluation space, a representation derived from psychology. The activation dimension measures how dynamic the emotional state is; the evaluation dimension is a global measure of the positive or negative feeling associated with the state. Research suggests that the space is naturally circular, i.e. states which are at the limit of emotional intensity define a circle, with alert neutrality at the centre. To turn those ideas into a recording tool, the space was represented by a circle on a computer screen, and observers described perceived emotional state by moving a pointer (in the form of a disc) to the appropriate point in the circle, using a mouse. Prototypes were tested, and in the light of results, refinements were made to ensure that outputs were as consistent and meaningful as possible. They include colour coding the pointer in a way that users readily associate with the relevant emotional state; presenting key emotion words as ‘landmarks’ at the strategic points in the space; and developing an induction procedure to introduce observers to the system. An experiment assessed the reliability of the developed system. Stimuli were 16 clips from TV programs, two showing relatively strong emotions in each quadrant of activationevaluation space, each paired with one of the same person in a relatively neural state. 24 raters took part. Differences between clips chosen to contrast were statistically robust. Results were plotted in activation-evaluation space as ellipses, each with its centre at the mean co-ordinates for the clip, and its width proportional to standard deviation across raters. The size of the ellipses meant that about 25 could be fitted into the space, i.e. FEELTRACE has resolving power comparable to an emotion vocabulary of 20 non-overlapping words, with the advantage of allowing intermediate ratings, and above all, the ability to track impressions continuously.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Cowie:2000:FIR.pdf}
}
154 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Creary_et_al:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Creary, Lewis G. and Gawron, Jean Mark and Nerbonne, John},
      TITLE = {Reference to Locations},
      YEAR = {1989},
      BOOKTITLE = {27th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL-ANNUAL '89), June 26-29},
      PAGES = {42-50},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada}
}
155 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crocker_Brants:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Crocker, Matthew W. and Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Incremental Probabilistic Models of Human Linguistic Performance},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {5th Conference on Architectures and Mechanisms for Language Processing (AMLaP '99), September 23-26},
      ADDRESS = {Edinburgh, Scotland},
      ABSTRACT = {Models of human language processing increasingly advocate probabilistic mechanisms for parsing and disambiguation (e.g. Jurafsky, 1996; MacDonald et al 1994; Crocker and Corley; to appear). These models resolve local syntactic and lexical ambiguity by promoting the analysis which has the greatest probability of being correct. In this talk we will outline a new probabilistic parsing model which is a generalisation of the Hidden Markov Models which have previously been defended as pschological models of lexical category disambiguation (Corley and Crocker, in press). The model uses layered, or cascaded, markov models (CMMs) to build up a syntactic analysis (Brants, 1999). In contrast with many probabilisic parsing models, CMMs can easily be implemented to parse incrementally. Incremental CMMs have the property of generating partial structures including hypothetical continuations after receiving each new word in the input. New material is incorporated into the existing structure and ambiguities are resolved based on local context. Alternative hypotheses are assigned probabilities which are used for ranking, and only a bounded number of parallel alternatives are pursued. Simple bounds on the model straightforwardly predict the recency effects often attributed only to connectionist-based models (Stevenson, 1994; Macdonald et al, 1884; Kempen and Vosse, 1987). In contrast with several current models, the combination of weights in CMMs is motivated directly by probability theory. The parameters of the model are acquired automatically from a corpus, and there are relatively few stipulations about how probabilities are combined (contra Jurafsky, 1996; Tanenhaus et al, in press). An important cognitive parameter concerns the number of analyses which are maintained in parallel. We will present results of experiments which evaluate the performance of the model for both general language processing, and on several critical ambiguities where human performance is well understood. The model is a first step in exploring the role of optimal models of human linguistic performance, as motivated by Chater, Crocker, and Pickering (1998). Recently, Pickering, Traxler and Crocker (to appear) have provided experimental evidence which challenges a pure maximum likelihood model of syntactic ambiguity resolution. As an alternative, they propose a measure, termed Informativity, which they derive from a rational analysis of the parsing and interpretation problem. In the final part of the talk we will outline how the presented model can be adapted to implement Informativity, which combines probability with a newly proposed measure termed Specificity.}
}
156 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crocker_Brants:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Crocker, Matthew W. and Brants, Thorsten},
      TITLE = {Incremental Probabilistic Models of Human Linguistic Performance},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {13th Annual CUNY Conference on Sentence Processing, March 30 - April 1},
      ADDRESS = {La Jolla, California, USA}
}
157 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crouch_et_al:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Crouch, Richard and Frank, Anette and van Genabith, Josef},
      TITLE = {Linear Logic based Transfer and Structural Misalignment},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th International Workshop on Comutational Semantics (IWCS-4), January 10-12},
      EDITOR = {Bunt, Harry and van der Sluis, Ielka and Thijsse, Elias},
      ADDRESS = {Tilburg, The Netherlands},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~frank/papers/iwcs4.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {Genabith, Frank and Dorna, 1998) described an approach to ambiguity preserving machine translation, where transfer takes place on the glue language meaning constructors of (Dalrymple et al. 1996). Unfortunately, it did not deal with structural misalignment problems, such as embedded head switching, in a fully satisfactory way. This paper proposes the use of a fragment of linear logic as a transfer formalism, and shows how it provides a more general and satisfactory solution to the difficulties encountered by (Genabith, Frank and Dorna, 1998).},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Crouch:2001:LLB.pdf Crouch:2001:LLB.ps}
}
158 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crysmann:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Crysmann, Berthold},
      TITLE = {The Conspiracy of Quantification and Linear Precedence in European Portuguese Proclisis},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Eastern States Conference on Linguistics (ESCOL '97), November 21-23},
      EDITOR = {Austin, J. and Lawson, A.},
      ADDRESS = {Yale University, New Haven, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {CLC Publications},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~crysmann/papers/Conspire.html},
      ABSTRACT = {n this paper, I will address the interaction between quantification and lin-earisation in the grammar of European Portuguese (EP) clitic placement, and suggest that a licensing relation holds between a subset of the natural language quantifiers identified in Generalised Quantifier Theory (GQT) and the order in which the clitic and its host must surface. More specifically, I will argue that the class of proclisis licensors is best described in semantic terms (i.e. in terms of logical entailment), whereas the relation between proclisis licensor and licensee should be conceived of as entirely surface-syntactic. The order domain on which these linearisation constraints operate will be independently motivated by data from negative concord.}
}
159 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crysmann:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Crysmann, Berthold},
      TITLE = {Cliticization in European Portuguese Using Parallel Morpho-Syntactic Constraints},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Lexical Functional Grammar Conference (LFG'97), June 19-21},
      EDITOR = {Butt, Miriam and Holloway King, Tracy},
      ADDRESS = {University of California, San Diego, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {CSLI Publications},
      URL = {http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/2/crysmann-lfg97.pdf http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/2/crysmann-lfg97.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Crysmann:1997:CEP.pdf Crysmann:1997:CEP.ps}
}
160 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crysmann:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Crysmann, Berthold},
      TITLE = {Morphosyntactic Paradoxa in Fox: An Account in Linearization-Based Morphology},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Joint Conference on Formal Grammar, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar and Categorial Grammar},
      PAGES = {253-255},
      EDITOR = {Bouma, Gosse and Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Oehrle, Richard T.},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~crysmann/papers/ESSLLI-98.ps http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~crysmann/papers/ESSLLI-98.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Paper presented at the Joint Conference on Formal, Head-driven and Categorial Grammar (FHCG '98) August 14-16, Saarbrücken in: Gosse Bouma, Richard Oehrle and Geert-Jan Kruijff, Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Formal Grammars, Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar and Categorial Grammar (FHCG '98), in Proceedings of the Tenth European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI 10). A later version of this paper has been published in: Gosse Bouma, Erhard Hinrichs, Geert-Jan Kruijff, and Richard Oehrle (eds.) (1999) ``Constraints and Resources in Natural Language Syntax and Semantics'', Studies in Constraint-Based Lexicalism, CSLI Publications, Stanford. In this paper, I shall discuss an apparent paradox in the morphology and syntax of Fox (Mesquakie) complex verbs. In Fox, verbs can be modified by one or more of a variety of preverbs including modals, aspectuals, manner adverbials, numerals, quantifiers, as well as preverbs which increase the valence of the main verb (Dahlstrom, 1997a). While preverb and verb can be separated by words, phrases, or even embedded sentences, suggesting a status as syntactically independent words, in ection (cf. Dahlstrom, 1997a) and derivation (cf. Ackerman and LeSourd, 1994) appear to treat preverb-verb complexes as a single morphological unit. Following the basic assumptions of lexicalist syntax, I claim that Fox preverb-verb combinations are indeed morphologically derived and that inflectional affixes are attached to complex morphological objects in the word-formation component already. In order to account for the syntactic effects, I propose an analysis in Linearisation HPSG (Reape, 1994, Kathol, 1995), which builds on the assumption that Fox preverb-verb complexes introduce more than one domain object into syntax (cf. Kathol, 1996 for German, Crysmann, 1997 for European Portuguese). Further morphological material will then be distributed across preverb and verb by imposing partial morphological (order) constraints on PHON-values.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Crysmann:1998:MPF.pdf Crysmann:1998:MPF.ps}
}
161 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crysmann:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Crysmann, Berthold},
      TITLE = {Licensing Proclisis in European Portuguese},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Empirical Issues in Formal Syntax and Semantics. Selected papers from the Colloque de Syntaxe et de Sémantique de Paris (CSSP'97), October 16-18},
      PAGES = {255-276},
      EDITOR = {Corblin, F. and Marandin, J.-M. and Dobrovie-Sorin, C.},
      ADDRESS = {Paris, France},
      PUBLISHER = {Thesus},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper, I will address the interaction between quantification and linearisation in the grammar of European Portuguese (EP) clitic placement. In particular, I will suggest that a licensing relation holds between a subset of the natural language quantifiers identified in Generalised Quantifier Theory (GQT) and the order in which the clitic and its host must surface. More specifically, I will argue that the class of proclisis licensors is best described in semantic terms (i.e. in terms of logical entailment), whereas the relation between proclisis licensor and licensee should be conceived of as entirely surface-syntactic. It will be shown that approches which mediate the licensing relation by means of syntactic movement (Barbosa, 1996; Duarte, 1983; Madeira, 1992, cf. e.g.) are faced with both motivational and empirical problems. Instead, I claim that surface-syntactic linearisation constraints will relate clitic placement directly to a class of lexical items, which in turn is defined on the basis of semantic properties. Therefore, an integrated model of syntax and semantics is called for which builds on highly articulate lexical information. The analysis will, thus, be carried out in the framework of Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) (Pollard and Sag, 1987; 1994), using multiple inheritance type hierarchies and linearisation constraints. The paper is organised as follows: in the first section, I shall briefly describe the basic empirical observations regarding EP proclisis. In section two, I shall review the empirical problems faced by previous (mostly syntactic) approaches. Section three provides the details of the proposal, starting with a semantic typology of proclisis licensors. In the remainder of the section, I outline the surface-syntactic constraints which define the phenogrammatical relation between licensor and licensee, analysing EP proclisis in an essentially similar way to English negative polarity items (NPI) (cf. Ladusaw, 1996, and reference cited there).}
}
162 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Crysmann_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Crysmann, Berthold and Frank, Anette and Kiefer, Bernd and Krieger, Hans-Ulrich and Müller, Stefan and Neumann, Günter and Piskorski, Jakub and Schäfer, Ulrich and Siegel, Melanie and Uszkoreit, Hans and Xu, Feiyu},
      TITLE = {An Integrated Architecture for Shallow and Deep Processing},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of ACL-2002, Association for Computational Linguistics 40th Anniversary Meeting, July 7-12},
      ADDRESS = {Philadelphia, USA},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~feiyu/wb-acl02.pdf http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/new-ps/wb-acl02.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Crysmann:2002:IAS.pdf}
}
163 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dale_et_al:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Dale, Robert and Finkler, Wolfgang and Kittredge, Richard and Lenke, Nils and Neumann, Günter and Peters, Conny and Stede, Manfred},
      TITLE = {Report from Working Group 2: Lexicalization and Architecture},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {Principles of Natural Language Generation},
      NUMBER = {93},
      PAGES = {30-39},
      EDITOR = {Hoeppner, Wolfgang and Horacek, Helmut and Moore, Johanna},
      SERIES = {Dagstuhl-Seminar-Report},
      ADDRESS = {Schloß Dagstuhl},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Dale_1995_LAA.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This report summarises the results of the discussions held in Working Group 2: The group discussions focussed around three reasonably independent topics, and we have organised the report to reflect this.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Dale:1994:RWG.pdf}
}
164 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dalsgaard_et_al:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Dalsgaard, Paul and Andersen, Ove and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Multi-Lingual Label Alignment Using Acoustic-Phonetic Features Derived by Neural-Network Technique},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {International Conference on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing (ICASSP'91), May 14-17},
      EDITOR = {IEEE},
      ADDRESS = {Toronto, Canada}
}
165 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dalsgaard_et_al:1991_1,
      AUTHOR = {Dalsgaard, Paul and Andersen, Ove and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {The Cross-Language Validity of Acoustic-Phonetic Features in Label Alignment},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {12th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences},
      VOLUME = {5},
      PAGES = {382-385},
      ADDRESS = {Aix-en-Provence, France}
}
166 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dalsgaard_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Dalsgaard, Paul and Andersen, Ove and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Cross-Language Merged Speech Units and Their Descriptive Phonetic Correlates},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {5th International Conference on Spoken Language Processsing (ICSLP '98), November 30 - December 4},
      PAGES = {Paper 482},
      ADDRESS = {Sydney, Australia}
}
167 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dalsgaard_Barry:1990,
      AUTHOR = {Dalsgaard, Paul and Barry, William J.},
      TITLE = {Acoustic-Phonetic Features in the Framework of Neural-Network Multi-Lingual Label Alignment},
      YEAR = {1990},
      BOOKTITLE = {International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, November 19-22},
      ADDRESS = {Kobe, Japan}
}
168 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{de Jong_et_al:1999,
      AUTHOR = {de Jong, Franciska and Gauvain, Jean-Luc and den Hartog, Jurgen and Netter, Klaus},
      TITLE = {OLIVE: Speech-Based Video Retrieval},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the European Workshop on Content-Based Multimedia Indexing (CBMI'99), October 25-27},
      PAGES = {75-80},
      ADDRESS = {Toulouse, France},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/kn-cbmi99-final.ps ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/kn-cbmi99-final.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Jong:1999:OSB.pdf Jong:1999:OSB.ps}
}
169 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{de Jong_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {de Jong, Franciska and Gauvain, Jean-Luc and Hiemstra, Djoerd and Netter, Klaus},
      TITLE = {Language-Based Multimedia Information Retrieval},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 6th Conference on Content-Based Multimedia Information Access. Recherche d'Informations Assistee par Ordinateur (RIAO '00)},
      ADDRESS = {Paris, France},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/riao_lbmir_final.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Jong:2000:LBM.pdf Jong:2000:LBM.ps}
}
170 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{de Jong_Netter:1998,
      AUTHOR = {de Jong, Franciska and Netter, Klaus},
      TITLE = {OLIVE: Speech-Based Video Retrieval},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 14th Twente Workshop on Language Technology (TWLT 14). Language Technology in Multimedia Information Retrieval, December 7-8},
      PAGES = {187-188},
      EDITOR = {Hiemstra, Djoerd and de Jong, Franciska and Netter, Klaus},
      ADDRESS = {University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/kn-fj-twlt14.ps},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper describes the Olive project which aims to support automated indexing of video material by use of human language technologies. Olive is making use of speech recognition to automatically derive transcriptions of the sound tracks, generating time-coded linguistic elements which serve as the basis for text-based retrieval functionality. The retrieval demonstrator builds on and extends the architecture from the Pop-Eye project, a system applying human language technology on subtitles for the disclosure of video fragments.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Jong:1998:OSB.pdf Jong:1998:OSB.ps}
}
171 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{De Kuthy:1997,
      AUTHOR = {De Kuthy, Kordula},
      TITLE = {On the Extractibility from Subjects in German - An Example for Lexicalized Constraints on UDCs},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 2nd ESSLLI Student Session, August 11-22},
      EDITOR = {Drewery, Alice and Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Zuber, Richard},
      ADDRESS = {Aix-en-Provence, France},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/De_Kuthy97.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In current linguistic theory, subject-object asymmetries in German are a much discussed issue. One of the relevant test cases is the possibility of extraction from subjects. The traditional assumption is that German in this respect behaves parallel to English in the sense that extraction from subjects is be ungrammatical, while extraction out of objects is grammatical. In this paper we show that one can account for all those cases where extraction from subjects is ungrammatical without having to postulate subject-object asymmetries for German. Instead, we argue that mainly lexical properties of the governing head determine the possibility of extraction from its arguments. Finally, we show how lexical constraints in HPSG can capture the observed generalizations.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Kuthy:1997:ESG.pdf Kuthy:1997:ESG.ps}
}
172 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{De Kuthy:1998,
      AUTHOR = {De Kuthy, Kordula},
      TITLE = {Splitting PP Arguments from NPs - An Argument Raising Approach and its Interaction with Lexical Semantics},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop of the 10th European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI '98): Current Topics in Constraint-Based Germanic Syntax, August 17-28},
      PAGES = {49-64},
      EDITOR = {Kiss, Tibor and Meurers, Detmar},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/De_Kuthy98c.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/De_Kuthy98c.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Kuthy:1998:SPA.pdf Kuthy:1998:SPA.ps}
}
173 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{De Kuthy_Meurers:1998,
      AUTHOR = {De Kuthy, Kordula and Meurers, Detmar},
      TITLE = {Towards a General Theory of a Partial Constituent Fronting in German},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 10th European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI'98). Joint Conference on Formal Grammar, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, and Categorial Grammar (FHCG '98), August 17-28},
      PAGES = {113-124},
      EDITOR = {Bouma, Gosse and Kruijff, Geert-Jan M. and Oehrle, Richard T.},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/De_Kuthy98b.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper, we discuss and compare the partial constituents of three different categories (partial APs, NPs, and VPs) and develop an HPSG theory which accounts for the observable similarities and differences in the three sets of data. We show that a generalized argument raising account makes the correct predictions, in particular regarding the observable word order and the interaction in complex fronting phenomena involving topicalized (P)VPs with partial complements. With respect to the theoretical consequences of the partial fronting data, we believe that the reanalysis-like theory we propose provides a concrete basis for a reevaluation of the choice between remnant movement and reanalysis.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Kuthy:1998:TGT.pdf Kuthy:1998:TGT.ps}
}
174 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{De Kuthy_Meurers:1999,
      AUTHOR = {De Kuthy, Kordula and Meurers, Detmar},
      TITLE = {Argument Raising Meets Adjuncts-as-Dependents and Traceless Extraction},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {6th International Conference on HPSG, August 4-6},
      PAGES = {45-50},
      ADDRESS = {Edinburgh, Scotland},
      URL = {http://ling.osu.edu/~dm/papers/dekuthy-meurers-hpsg99.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Kuthy:1999:ARM.pdf Kuthy:1999:ARM.ps}
}
175 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Debusmann:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Debusmann, Ralph},
      TITLE = {Topological Dependency Trees: A Constraint-based Account of Linear Precedence},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 39th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL 2001), July 9-11},
      PAGES = {180-187},
      ADDRESS = {Toulouse, France},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/rade-acl2001.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Linear precedence in so-called free word order languages remains challenging for modern grammar formalisms. To address this issue, we describe a new framework for dependency grammar, with a modular decomposition of immediate dependency and linear precedence. Our approach distinguishes two orthogonal yet mutually constraining structures: a syntactic dependency tree (ID tree) and a topological dependency tree (LP tree). The ID tree is non-projective, and even non-ordered, and its edges are labeled by syntactic roles. The LP tree is projective, partially ordered, and its edges are labeled by topological fields. The shape of the LP tree is a flattening of the ID tree's obtained by allowing nodes to 'climb up'. Our theory of ID/LP trees is formulated in terms of (a) lexicalized constraints and (b) principles governing e.g. climbing conditions. We illustrate it with a detailed account of word order phenomena in the verbal complex of German verb final sentences.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Debusmann:2001:TDT.pdf Debusmann:2001:TDT.ps}
}
176 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Debusmann:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Debusmann, Ralph},
      TITLE = {Movement as well-formedness Conditions},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 13th ESSLLI Student Session, August 13-24},
      ADDRESS = {Helsinki, Finland},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/Debusmann-ESSLLI-01.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We introduce a new formulation of dependency grammar recently suggested in (Duchier and Debusmann, 2001) (henceforth DD). DD shares with GB (Chomsky, 1986) a notion of movement. In GB, movement is carried out by tree transformations. In DD, it is the effect of well-formedness conditions on dependency trees and does not involve transformations. We illustrate both kinds of movement by showing how both theories analyze German verb-second clauses. Then, we point out the similarities between GB and DD, and raise the question whether GB's transformational notion of movement could be replaced by DD's constraint-based account of movement.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Debusmann:2001:MWF.pdf}
}
177 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry},
      TITLE = {Modeling Information-Passing within the LFG-Workbench},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 1st Annual Lexical-Functional Grammar Conference},
      ADDRESS = {Grenoble, France},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/declerck96_lfg.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/declerck96_lfg.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1996:MIP.pdf Declerck:1996:MIP.ps}
}
178 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry},
      TITLE = {Dealing with Cross-Sentential Anaphora Resolution in ALEP},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'96), August 5-9},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {280-285},
      ADDRESS = {Copenhagen, Danmark},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Declerck_1996_DCCSARA.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {The experiments described here have been done in connection with the LSGRAM project, which is concerned with the development of large scale grammars and thus foreseen the coverage of real life texts''. But in order to deal with such texts, it is also necessary to process linguistic units which are larger than sentences. The resolution of crosssentential anaphora is one of the problems we have to deal with, when we switch towards the analysis of such larger linguistic units. In order to propose an analysis of the crosssentential anaphora, one has to be able to refer back to an antecedent, which is to be found in a preceding sentence. This will be done on the basis of an informationpassing framework. Using also the simple unification technique a resolution of the pronoun can then be tried out: parts of the content information of the pronoun are going to be compared (unified) with specific parts of the content information of the (possible) antecedent.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1996:DCS.pdf}
}
179 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry},
      TITLE = {Investigation on the Reusability of LFG-Based Grammar Resource},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 2nd Annual Lexical-Functional Grammar Conference},
      ADDRESS = {San Diego, USA},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/declerck97_lfg.entry ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/declerck97_lfg.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1997:IRL.pdf Declerck:1997:IRL.ps}
}
180 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry},
      TITLE = {An Interface between Text Structures and Linguistic Descriptions},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the Datalingvistisk Forening (DALF'97), June 9-10},
      PAGES = {8-22},
      EDITOR = {Christoffersen, Ellen and Music, Bradley},
      ADDRESS = {Kolding, Denmark},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/declerck97_dalf.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper describes various uses of the Text Handling to Linguistic Structure (TH-LS) component of the Advanced Linguistic Engineering Platform (ALEP). Basically, the Text Handling (TH) subsystem of ALEP performs a conversion of the input string to a SGML text. The TH-LS component consists in a set of so-called 'tsls' rules defining a mapping between textual structures (TS) and (partial) linguistic descriptions (PLS). The instantiated PLS are the input for the linguistic parser, dealing with linguistic structures (LS). I show how an adequate use of the TH-LS interface permits the modularization of the lingware and the definition of subgrammars, from morpheme level to the whole text, taking into consideration both processing steps and levels of grammar descritpion. The TH subsystem of ALEP also foresees the +tag for user-supplied markup. An intensive use of this possibility and also the integration of information delivered by a PoS tagger into the TH component allowed both a substantial extension of the coverage and a significant improvement of the efficiency of the ALEP-based grammars, the parser getting as an input linguistically enriched PLS.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1997:IBT.pdf Declerck:1997:IBT.ps}
}
181 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry},
      TITLE = {Extending NLP Tools Repositories for the Interaction with Language Data Resources Repositories},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the ACL/ EACL Workshop on Sharing Tools and Resources, July 7},
      ADDRESS = {Toulouse, France},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/aclnlp01_dec.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This short paper presents some motivations behind the organization of the ACL/EACL01 Workshop on Sharing Tools and Resources for Research and Education'', concentrating o n the possible connection of Tools and Resources repositories. Taking some papers print ed in this volume and the ACL Natural Language Software Registry as a basis, we outline some of the steps to be done on the side of NLP tool repositories in order to achieve this goal.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:2001:ENT.pdf Declerck:2001:ENT.ps}
}
182 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Jachmann, Alexander Werner and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {The New Edition of the Natural Language Software Registry (an Initiative of ACL hosted at DFKI)},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'00), May 31 - June 2},
      ADDRESS = {Athens, Greece},
      PUBLISHER = {ELRA},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/lrec00_reg.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/lrec00_reg.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:2000:NEN.pdf Declerck:2000:NEN.ps}
}
183 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_Klein:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Klein, Judith},
      TITLE = {Ein Email-Korpus zur Entwicklung und Evaluierung der Analysekomponente eines Terminvereinbarungssystems},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {6. Fachtagung der Sektion Computerlinguistik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft (DGfS/CL 97): Integrative Ansätze in der Computerlinguistik, 08.-10. Oktober},
      ADDRESS = {Heidelberg, Germany},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/klein97_dgfs.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/klein97_dgfs.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1997:EKE.pdf Declerck:1997:EKE.ps}
}
184 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_Klein:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Klein, Judith},
      TITLE = {Semantic Tagging and NLP Applications},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the SIGLEX Workshop: Tagging Text with Lexical Semantics, April 4-5},
      ADDRESS = {Washington D. C., USA}
}
185 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_et_al:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Klein, Judith and Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {Evaluation of the NLP Components of an Information Extraction System for German},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC'98), May 28-30},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {293-297},
      EDITOR = {Rubio, Antonio and Gallardo, Natividad and Castro, Rosa and Tejada, Antonio},
      ADDRESS = {Granada, Spain},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/lrec-conf98.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/lrec-conf98.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1998:ENC.pdf Declerck:1998:ENC.ps}
}
186 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_Maas:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Maas, Heinz Dieter},
      TITLE = {The Integration of a Part-of-Speech Tagger into the ALEP Platform},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 3rd ALEP User Group Workshop, March 6-7},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/dieter_aug_1997.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe how part-of-speech information delivered by a tagger (the Mpro tool) has been integrated into the ALEP (Advanced Language Engineering Platform) system. For this we extended an approach described within the LS-GRAM project, which consisted in defining the Text Handling component of ALEP in such a way that so-called messy details are handled within this subsystem, hence keeping the (linguistic) parser free from such tasks. We just extended the tagging strategy used for this purpose to normal words and modified the default tagging of words proposed by the ALEP system in order to incorporate information delivered by the part-of-speech tagger. The resulting tagging is converted by means of lift rules into partial linguistic descriptions, which provide the direct input to the grammatical analysis. We show that this procedure substantially reduces the parse times of the system.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1997:IPS.pdf Declerck:1997:IPS.ps}
}
187 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_Neumann:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {Using a Parameterizable and Domain-Adaptive Information Extraction System for Annotating Large-Scale Corpora?},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the Pre-Conference Workshop Information Extraction meets Corpus Linguistics, May 30},
      ADDRESS = {Athens, Greece},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/IE-Corpus00_dec.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/IE-Corpus00_dec.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:2000:UPD.pdf Declerck:2000:UPD.ps}
}
188 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_Neumann:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {A Cascaded Shallow Approach to Reference Resolution},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the EuroConference on Recent Advances in NLP (RANLP'01), September 5-7},
      ADDRESS = {Tzigov Chark, Bulgaria},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/rrm-ranlp.ps.gz},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:2001:CSA.pdf Declerck:2001:CSA.ps}
}
189 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Ramírez Bustamante, Flora and Sánchez León, Fernando},
      TITLE = {Grammar Checking and Preprocessing in ALEP},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd ALEP User Group Workshop, March 6-7},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken, Germany}
}
190 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_et_al:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Rieder, Sibylle and Schmidt, Paul and Theofilidis, Axel},
      TITLE = {Integration grammatischer Komponenten und Organisation des Lexikons in ALEP},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft (DGfS/CL 95)},
      ADDRESS = {Düsseldorf, Germany}
}
191 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Schmidt, Paul and Rieder, Sibylle and Theofilidis, Axel},
      TITLE = {Lean Formalism, Linguistic Theory, and Applications. Grammar Development in ALEP},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING'96), August 5-9},
      PAGES = {286-291},
      ADDRESS = {Copenhagen, Danmark},
      URL = {http://www.iai.uni-sb.de/LS-GRAM/coling.ps.gz http://www.dfki.de/dfkibib/publications/docs/Declerck_1996_LFLTA.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper describes results achieved in a project which addresses the issue of how the gap between unificationbased grammars as a scientific concept and real world applications can be narrowed down 1 . Applicationoriented grammar development has to take into account the following parameters: Efficiency: The project chose a so called 'lean' formalism, a termencodable language providing efficient term unification, ALEP. Coverage: The project adopted a corpusbased approach. Completeness: All modules needed from text handling to semantics must be there. The paper reports on a text handling component, Two Level morphology, word structure, phrase structure, semantics and the interfaces between these components. Mainstream approach: The approach claims to be mainstream, very much indebted to HPSG, thus based on the currently most prominent and recent linguistic theory. The relation (and tension) between these parameters are described in this paper.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1996:LFL.pdf Declerck:1996:LFL.ps}
}
192 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_et_al:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Theofilidis, Axel and Schmidt, Paul},
      TITLE = {Grammar Modularization for Efficient Processing: Language Engineering Devices and their Instantiation},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 6. Fachtagung der Sektion Computerlinguistik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft (DGfS/CL 97): Integrative Ansätze in der Computerlinguistik, 8.-10. Oktober},
      ADDRESS = {Heidelberg, Germany},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/dgfs_alep_1997.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper describes how unification-based grammar development benefits from a modularization methodology resulting in significant efficiency gains without giving up recognized advantages of unification grammars. Gains in efficiency are of such a scale that an industrial deployment of unification grammars seems to become realistic. We introduce a number of devices provided by the ALEP system which support grammar modularization at an operational level, and we illustrate how these devices have been instantiated in the grammatical resources developed in the LS-GRAM project. We conclude with drawing a prospective scenario of modular grammars serving industrial applications.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:1997:GME.pdf Declerck:1997:GME.ps}
}
193 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_Wittenburg:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Wittenburg, Peter},
      TITLE = {XML and NLP: Their Interaction and their Role for HLT Applications},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 1st NLP and XML Workshop, November 30},
      ADDRESS = {Tokyo, Japan},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nlprs01_dec.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/nlprs01_dec.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:2001:XNT.pdf Declerck:2001:XNT.ps}
}
194 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_Wittenburg:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Wittenburg, Peter},
      TITLE = {MUMIS - A Multimedia Indexing and Searching Environment},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st International Workshop on MultiMedia Annotation (MMA '01), January 30-31},
      ADDRESS = {Tokyo, Japan},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mma01_dec.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mma01_dec.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:2001:MMI.pdf Declerck:2001:MMI.ps}
}
195 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Declerck_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Declerck, Thierry and Wittenburg, Peter and Cunningham, Hamish},
      TITLE = {The Automatic Generation of Formal Annotations in a Multimedia Indexing and Searching Environment},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the ACL/ EACL Workshop on Human Language Technology and Knowledge Management, July 6-7},
      ADDRESS = {Toulouse, France},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/aclhlt01_dec.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/aclhlt01_dec.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Declerck:2001:AGF.pdf Declerck:2001:AGF.ps}
}
196 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dent_et_al:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Dent, Lisa and Boticario, Jesus and McDermott, John and Mitchell, Tom and Zabowski, David},
      TITLE = {A Personal Learning Apprentice},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, July 12-16},
      PAGES = {96-103},
      ADDRESS = {San Jose, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {AAAI Press}
}
197 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Diagne_Nerbonne:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Diagne, Abdel Kader and Nerbonne, John},
      TITLE = {Flexible Semantics Communication in Integrated Speech/ Language Architectures},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {1. Konferenz Verarbeitung natürlicher Sprache (KONVENS '92), 7.-9. Oktober},
      PAGES = {348-352},
      EDITOR = {Görz, Günther},
      ADDRESS = {Nürnberg, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer}
}
198 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dipper_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Dipper, Stefanie and Brants, Thorsten and Lezius, Wolfgang and Plaehn, Oliver and Smith, George},
      TITLE = {The TIGER Treebank},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd Workshop on Linguistically Interpreted Corpora (LINC '01), August 29},
      ADDRESS = {Leuven, Belgium},
      URL = {http://www.ims.uni-stuttgart.de/projekte/TIGER/paper/linc2001-abstract-tiger.ps.gz http://www.ims.uni-stuttgart.de/projekte/TIGER/paper/linc2001-abstract-tiger.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Dipper:2001:TT.pdf Dipper:2001:TT.ps}
}
199 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dörre_et_al:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Dörre, Jochen and Erbach, Gregor and Manandhar, Suresh and Skut, Wojciech and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {A Report on the Draft EAGLES Encoding Standard for HPSG},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on HPSG and Traitement Automatique du Langage Naturel (TALN'96), May 22-24},
      PAGES = {161-168},
      ADDRESS = {Marseille, France},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/eagles-taln96.ps ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/eagles-taln96.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Dorre:1996:RDE.pdf Dorre:1996:RDE.ps}
}
200 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Douglas-Cowie_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Douglas-Cowie, Ellen and Cowie, Roddy and Schröder, Marc},
      TITLE = {A New Emotion Database: Considerations, Sources and Scope},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the ISCA Workshop on Speech and Emotion: A Conceptual Framework for Research},
      PAGES = {39-44},
      EDITOR = {Douglas-Cowie, Ellen and Cowie, Roddy and Schröder, Marc},
      ADDRESS = {Belfast},
      PUBLISHER = {Textflow},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~schroed/articles/douglascowieetal2000.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Research on the expression of emotion is underpinned by databases. Reviewing available resources persuaded us of the need to develop one that prioritised ecological validity. The basic unit of the database is a clip, which is an audiovisual recording of an episode that appears to be reasonably selfcontained. Clips range from 10 -- 60 secs, and are captured as MPEG files. They were drawn from two main sources. People were recorded discussing emotive subjects either with each other, or with one of the research team. We also recorded extracts from television programs where members of the public interact in a way that at least appears essentially spontaneous. Associated with each clip are two additional types of file. An audio file (.wav format) contains speech alone, edited to remove sounds other than the main speaker. An interpretation file describes the emotional state that observers attribute to the main speaker, using the FEELTRACE system to provide a continuous record of the perceived ebb and flow of emotion. Clips have been extracted for 100 speakers, with at least two for each speaker (one relatively neutral and others showing marked emotions of different kinds).},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Douglas-Cowie:2000:NED.pdf}
}
201 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Duchier:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys},
      TITLE = {Axiomatizing Dependency Parsing using Set Constraints},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {6th Meeting on Mathematics of Language (MOL6), July 23-25},
      PAGES = {115-126},
      ADDRESS = {Orlando, Florida, USA},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/duchier-mol6.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We propose a new formulation of dependency grammar and develop a corresponding axiomatization of syntactic well-formedness with a natural reading as a concurrent constraint program. We demonstrate the expressivity and effectiveness of set constraints, and describe a treatment of ambiguity with wide applicability. Further, we provide a constraint programming account of dependent disjunctions that is both simple and efficient and additionally provides the benefits of constructive disjunctions. Our approach was implemented in Oz and yields parsers with very good performance for our currently middle scale grammars. Constraint propagation can be observed to be remarkably effective in pruning the search space.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:1999:ADP.pdf Duchier:1999:ADP.ps}
}
202 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Duchier:1999_1,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys},
      TITLE = {Set Constraints in Computational Linguistics - Solving Tree Descriptions},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop on Declarative Programming with Sets (DPS '99), September 28},
      PAGES = {91-98},
      ADDRESS = {Paris, France},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/duchier-wdps99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe our application of set constraints to the problem of finding solutions of tree descriptions. The encoding that turns a description into a CSP is given here in full in an axiomatic style.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:1999:SCC.pdf Duchier:1999:SCC.ps}
}
203 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Duchier:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys},
      TITLE = {A Model-Eliminative Treatment of Quantifier-Free Tree Descriptions},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Algebraic Methods in Language Processing (AMILP '00). 16th Twente Workshop on Language Technology (TWLT 16) and 2nd AMAST Workshop, May 20-22},
      PAGES = {55-66},
      EDITOR = {Heylen, D. and Nijholt, Anton and Scollo, G.},
      ADDRESS = {Iowa City, Iowa, USA},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/duchier-amilp.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Tree descriptions are widely used in computational linguistics for talking and reasoning about trees. For practical applications, it is essential to be able to decide satisfiability and enumerate solutions efficiently. This challenge cannot realistically be met by brute force enumeration. However it can be addressed very effectively by constraint propagation as provided by modern constraint technology. Previously, we studied the conjunctive fragment of tree descriptions and showed how the problem of finding minimal models of a conjunctive tree description could be transformed into a constraint satisfaction problem (CSP) on finite set variables. In this paper, we extend our account to the fragment that admits both negation and disjunction, but still leaves out quantification. Again we provide a reduction to a CSP. While our previous encoding introduced the reader to set constraints and disjunctive propagators, we now extend our arsenal with selection propagators.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:2000:MET.pdf Duchier:2000:MET.ps}
}
204 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Duchier:2000_1,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys},
      TITLE = {Constraint Programming for Natural Language Processing},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {European Summer School in Logic, Language, and Information (ESSLLI '00), August 6-18},
      ADDRESS = {Birmingham, England},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/duchier-esslli2000.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {This course demonstrates how constraint programming can be used effectively in practice, for linguistic applications. It shows how many forms of ambiguity arising in linguistic can be represented compactly and elegantly, and processed efficiently with constraints. A key idea to derive the most benefit from constraint propagation is that intended models should be characterized as solutions of emphConstraint Satisfaction Problems (CSPs) rather than defined inductively or in a generative fashion. We examine several topics in detail: encodings of finite domains, tree descriptions using dominance constraints, and parsing with dependency grammars. In each case, we present a formal characterization of the problem as a CSP and illustrate how to derive a corresponding constraint program. The course includes 4 complete interactive applications written in Oz, with full code supplied. Through these programmatic vignettes the reader is exposed to the practice of constraint programming with emphfinite domain and emphfinite set variables, and introduced to some of the more powerful types of constraints available today, such as reified constraints, disjunctive propagators, and selection constraints.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:2000:CPN.pdf Duchier:2000:CPN.ps}
}
205 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Duchier_Gardent:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys and Gardent, Claire},
      TITLE = {A Constraint-Based Treatment of Descriptions},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS 3), January 13-15},
      PAGES = {71-85},
      EDITOR = {Bunt, Harry and Thijsse, Elias},
      ADDRESS = {Tilburg, The Netherlands},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/iwcs99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Both in computational linguistics and in formal semantics, tree (or graph) descriptions stated in terms of dominance have become common. Yet the issue of how such descriptions are processed has been little explored. In this paper, we present a constraint-based treatment of descriptions: we develop a formulation in terms of sets, which is simple and declarative, and, at the same time, constitutes an efficient implementation. We further show how the treatement of tree descriptions can be extended to DAG descriptions and apply it to a description-based account of discourse.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:1999:CBT.pdf Duchier:1999:CBT.ps}
}
206 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Duchier_Niehren:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys and Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {Dominance Constraints with Set Operators},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st International Conference on Computational Logic (CL '00), July 24-28},
      NUMBER = {1861},
      PAGES = {326-341},
      EDITOR = {Lloyd, J. and Dahl, V.},
      SERIES = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
      ADDRESS = {Imperial College, London, UK},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/dombool.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Dominance constraints are widely used in computational linguistics as a language for talking and reasoning about trees. In this paper, we extend dominance constraints by admitting set operators. Set operators contribute a controlled form of disjunction that is emminently well-suited for constraint propagation. We present a solver for dominance constraints with set operators as a system of abstract propagation and distribution rules, and prove its soundness and completeness. We then derive an efficient implementation in a constraint programming language with finite sets and prove its faithfullness to the abstract inference rules.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:2000:DCS.pdf Duchier:2000:DCS.ps}
}
207 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Duchier_Thater:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Duchier, Denys and Thater, Stefan},
      TITLE = {Parsing with Tree Descriptions: A Constraint-Based Approach},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {6th International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Logic Programming (NLULP '99), December 3-4},
      PAGES = {17-32},
      ADDRESS = {Las Cruces, New Mexico, USA},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/duchier-thater-nlulp99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe a grammatical formalism based on tree descriptions and develop a constraint-based treatment of parsing in that framework. We introduce the language of electrostatic tree descriptions to write lexical entries: these are tree descriptions using neutral, as well as positively and negatively charged variables. We develop an appropriate notion of model. We then extend the framework to disjunctive systems of electrostatic descriptions, and we correspondingly extend the notion of model. Then we show how the search for minimal models can be realized by reduction to a CSP solvable by constraint programming and we provide the full encoding in an axiomatic style.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Duchier:1999:PTD.pdf Duchier:1999:PTD.ps}
}
208 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Dünges:1998,
      AUTHOR = {Dünges, Petra},
      TITLE = {Eventualities in Time},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {23rd International Symposium on Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science (MFCS '98). Workshop on Mathematical Linguistics, August 24-28},
      PAGES = {51-60},
      EDITOR = {Kudlek, M.},
      ADDRESS = {Brno, Czech Republic},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper addresses the general question of how eventualities should be localized in time. The answer given here is mainly inspired by the model theory of Discourse Representation Theory (DRT) as presented in From Discourse to Logic by Kamp and Reyle. We show that there is a mathematical problem concerning the localization function used in that book. And we propose a remedy for this problem. The general picture that emerges should be interesting not only for DRT but for other theories using an eventuality-based semantics as well.}
}
209 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Düsterhöft_et_al:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Düsterhöft, Antje and Neumann, Günter and Becker, Markus and Bedersdorfer, Jochen and Bruder, Ilvio},
      TITLE = {GETESS: Constructing a Linguistic Search Index for an Internet Search Engine},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applications of Natural Language to Information Systems (NLDB'00), June},
      ADDRESS = {Versailles, France},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~neumann/publications/new-ps/nldb-ohne.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper we illustrate how Internet documents can be automatically analyzed in order to capture the content of a document in a more detailed way than usually. The result of the document analysis is called abstract and will be used as a linguistic search index for the Internet search engine GETESS. We show how the linguistic analysis system SMES can be used for a Harvest based search engine for constructing a linguistic search index. Further, we denote how the linguistic index can be exploited for answeringuser search inqueries.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Dusterhoft:2000:GCL.pdf Dusterhoft:2000:GCL.ps}
}
210 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Eberle_Kasper:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Eberle, Kurt and Kasper, Walter},
      TITLE = {Tenses as Anaphora},
      YEAR = {1989},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics, April 10-12},
      PAGES = {43-50},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology, Manchester, UK}
}
211 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Egg:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus},
      TITLE = {Aspect and Quantification: An Iterative Approach},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th Amsterdam Colloquium},
      PAGES = {203-221},
      EDITOR = {Dekker, Paul and Stokhof, Martin},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands}
}
212 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Egg:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus},
      TITLE = {Conditions on Reinterpretations of aktionsart},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop on Recent Developments in the Theory of Natural Language Semantics},
      NUMBER = {08-95},
      EDITOR = {Kolb, J. and v. Stechow, A. and Hamm, F.},
      SERIES = {SfS-Report},
      ADDRESS = {Tübingen, Germany}
}
213 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Egg:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus},
      TITLE = {Derivation and Resolution of Ambiguities in Wieder-Sentences},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {12th Amsterdam Colloquium},
      PAGES = {109-114},
      EDITOR = {Dekker, Paul},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
      PUBLISHER = {ILLC}
}
214 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Egg_Erk:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus and Erk, Katrin},
      TITLE = {A Compositional Account of VP Ellipsis},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, August 3-5},
      PAGES = {162-179},
      EDITOR = {Van Eynde, Frank and Hellan, Lars and Beermann, Dorothee},
      ADDRESS = {Stanford},
      PUBLISHER = {CSLI Publications},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/ellhpsg01.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We present an approach to VP ellipsis that allows the direct derivation of source and target sentences (the former need not be unique) during semantic construction. Specific syntactic constituent structures are associated with ellipsis potential, which can then be discharged by pro-verbs like 'did (too)'. The determination of source and target sentence, which is done with semantic features in an HPSG framework, is coupled with a comprehensive analysis of ellipsis, which also handles its interaction with scope and anaphora.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Egg:2002:CAV.pdf Egg:2002:CAV.ps}
}
215 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Egg_Kohlhase:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {Underspecification of Quantifier Scope},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {6. Fachtagung der Sektion Computerlinguistik der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft, 08.-10. Oktober},
      ADDRESS = {Heidelberg, Germany}
}
216 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Egg_Kohlhase:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {Dynamic Control of Quantifier Scope},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {11th Amsterdam Colloquium},
      EDITOR = {Dekker, Paul},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
      PUBLISHER = {ILLC}
}
217 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Egg_et_al:1998_2,
      AUTHOR = {Egg, Markus and Niehren, Joachim and Ruhrberg, Peter and Xu, Feiyu},
      TITLE = {Constraints over Lambda-Structures in Semantic Underspecification},
      YEAR = {1998},
      BOOKTITLE = {17th International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 36th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (COLING-ACL'98), August 10-14},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {353-359},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Montréal, Québec, Canada},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~feiyu/CLLS-98.pdf ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/COLING-feiyu-98.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/COLING-feiyu-98.entry},
      ABSTRACT = {We introduce a first-order language for semantic underspecification that we call Constraint Language for Lambda-Structures (CLLS). A lambda-structure can be considered as a lambda-term up to consistent renaming of bound variables (alpha-equality); a constraint of CLLS is an underspecified description of a $lambda$-structure. CLLS solves a capturing problem omnipresent in underspecified scope representations. CLLS features constraints for dominance, lambda binding, parallelism, and anaphoric links. Based on CLLS we present a simple, integrated, and underspecified treatment of scope, parallelism, and anaphora.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Egg:1998:CLSb.pdf Egg:1998:CLSb.ps}
}
218 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Eineborg_Gambäck:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Eineborg, Martin and Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Back-Propagation Based Lexical Acquisition Experiments},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {6th Workshop on Neural Networks and their Applications},
      PAGES = {169-178},
      ADDRESS = {Nimes, France}
}
219 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Eineborg_Gambäck:1993_1,
      AUTHOR = {Eineborg, Martin and Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Tagging Experiments using Neural Networks},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {9th Scandinavian Conference on Computational Linguistics, June},
      PAGES = {71-81},
      EDITOR = {Eklund, R.},
      ADDRESS = {Stockholm, Sweden},
      URL = {www.sics.se/humle/papers/nodalida93_nn_abs.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Eineborg:1993:TEU.pdf Eineborg:1993:TEU.ps}
}
220 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Eisele_Ziegler-Eisele:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Eisele, Andreas and Ziegler-Eisele, Dorothea},
      TITLE = {Towards a Road Map on Human Language Technology: Natural Language Processing. Report on the Second Elsnet Roadmap Workshop},
      YEAR = {2001},
      URL = {http://utrecht.elsnet.org/roadmap/docs/rm-eisele-v2.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {This document summarizes contributions and discussions from two workshops that took place in November 2000 and July 2001. It presents some visions of NLP-related applications that may become reality within ten years from now. It investigates the technological requirements that must be met in order to make these visions realistic and sketches milestones that may help to measure our progress towards these goals.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Eisele:2001:TRM.pdf}
}
221 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Engelkamp_et_al:1992_1,
      AUTHOR = {Engelkamp, Judith and Erbach, Gregor and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {Handling Linear Precedence Constraints by Unification},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 30th Annual Meeting of the Association of Computational Linguistics, June 28 - July 2},
      PAGES = {201-208},
      ADDRESS = {Delaware, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {ACL},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~erbach/pub/acl92/eeu-ACL92.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Engelkamp:1992:HLPb.pdf}
}
222 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1990_1,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Syntactic Processing of Unknown Words},
      YEAR = {1990},
      BOOKTITLE = {Artificial Intelligence IV - Methodology, Systems, Applications (AIMSA '90)},
      PAGES = {371-382},
      EDITOR = {Jorrand, P. and Sgurev, V.},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1990:SPUb.pdf}
}
223 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1991_3,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {An Environment for Experimenting with Parsing Strategies},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {12th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI '91), August 24-30},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {931-936},
      EDITOR = {Mylopoulos, John and Reiter, Raymond},
      ADDRESS = {Sydney, Australia},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1991:EEPb.pdf}
}
224 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Ambiguity and Linguistic Preferences},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {Workshop of the 10th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence W2 (ECAI '92). Coping with Ambiguity in Typed Feature Formalisms, August 3-7},
      EDITOR = {Trost, Harald and Backofen, Rolf},
      ADDRESS = {Vienna, Austria},
      PUBLISHER = {John Wiley and Sons},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~erbach/pub/ecai92/erbach-ecai92.pdf},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1992:ALPa.pdf}
}
225 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1992_1,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Head-Driven Lexical Representation of Idioms in HPSG},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {International Conference on Idioms, September},
      PAGES = {11-24},
      EDITOR = {Everaert, M. and van der Linden, E.-J. and Schenk, A. and Schreuder, R.},
      ADDRESS = {Tilburg, The Netherlands},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1992:HDLa.pdf}
}
226 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1992_3,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Tools for Grammar Engineering},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {3rd Conference on Applied Natural Language Processing, April 1-3},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Trento, Italy},
      PUBLISHER = {ACL},
      NOTE = {Poster},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1992:TGE.pdf}
}
227 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1993_1,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Toward a Theory of Degrees of Grammaticality},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st International Conference on Mathematical Linguistics},
      PAGES = {15-16},
      EDITOR = {Martin-Vide, C.},
      ADDRESS = {Tarragona, Spain}
}
228 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Bottom-Up Earley Deduction},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {15th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '94), August 5-9},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {796-802},
      EDITOR = {Linguistics, Association for Computational},
      ADDRESS = {Kyoto, Japan},
      PUBLISHER = {ACL}
}
229 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1994_1,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Multi-Dimensional Inheritance},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {2. Konferenz Verarbeitung Natürlicher Sprache (KONVENS '94), 28.-30. September},
      PAGES = {102-111},
      EDITOR = {Trost, Harald},
      ADDRESS = {Vienna, Austria},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer Verlag}
}
230 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {Why NLP needs Oz},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Oz Programming (WOz'95), November 29 - December 1},
      PAGES = {51-54},
      ADDRESS = {Martigny, Switzerland},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~erbach/pub/woz/woz-erbach.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {The purpose of this paper is to survey the requirements that natural language processing (NLP) has on a programming language, evaluate to what extent they are satisfied by various programming logic programming languages, and in particular by the Oz language. It turns out that Oz appers to be a promising candidate for NLP implementations.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1995:WNN.pdf}
}
231 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach:1995_1,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor},
      TITLE = {ProFit - Prolog with Features, Inheritance, and Templates},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 7th Conference of the European Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL'95), March 27-31},
      PAGES = {180-187},
      ADDRESS = {University College Dublin, Ireland},
      ABSTRACT = {ProFIT is an extension of Standard Prolog with Features, Inheritance and Templates. ProFIT allows the programmer or grammar developer to declare an inheritance hierarchy, features and templates. Typed feature terms can be used in ProFIT programs together with Prolog terms to provide a clearer description language for linguistic structures. ProFIT compiles all typed feature terms into a Prolog term representation, so that the built-in Prolog term unification can be used for the unification of typed feature structures, and no special unification algorithm is needed. ProFIT programs are compiled into Prolog programs, so that no meta-interpreter is needed for their execution. ProFIT thus provides a direct step from grammars developed with typed feature terms to Prolog programs usable for applications.}
}
232 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach_Arens:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Arens, Roman G.},
      TITLE = {Evaluation von Grammatiken für die Analyse natürlicher Sprache durch Generierung einer repräsentstiven Satzmenge},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {15. Fachtagung für Künstliche Intelligenz (GWAI '91), 16.-20. September},
      VOLUME = {285},
      PAGES = {126-129},
      EDITOR = {Christaller, T.},
      ADDRESS = {Bonn, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer Verlag}
}
233 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach_Manandhar:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Manandhar, Suresh},
      TITLE = {Visions for the Future of Logic-Based Natural Language Processing},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the ILPS'95 Workshop Visions for the Future of Logic Programming - Laying the Foundations for a Modern Successor to Prolog, December 8},
      ADDRESS = {Portland, USA},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/ilps95.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/ilps95.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1995:VFL.pdf Erbach:1995:VFL.ps}
}
234 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach_et_al:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Neumann, Günter and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {MULINEX - Multilingual Indexing, Navigation and Editing Extensions for the World Wide Web},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 3rd DELOS Workshop - Cross-Language Information Retrieval, March 5-7},
      PAGES = {17-24},
      ADDRESS = {Zurich, Switzerland},
      PUBLISHER = {European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-aaai97.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-aaai97.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1997:MMIa.pdf Erbach:1997:MMIa.ps}
}
235 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach_et_al:1997_1,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Neumann, Günter and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {MULINEX - Multilingual Indexing, Navigation and Editing Extensions for the World Wide Web},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd Tbilisi Symposium in Language, Logic and Computation},
      EDITOR = {Ginzburg, J. and Khasidashvili, Y. and Vogel, K. and Lévy, J.-J. and Vallduví, E.},
      PUBLISHER = {CSLI Publications},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1997:MMIb.pdf}
}
236 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach_et_al:1997_2,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Neumann, Günter and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {MULINEX - Multilingual Indexing, Navigation and Editing Extensions for the World Wide Web},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Cross-Language Text and Speech Retrieval - Papers from the 1997 AAAI Spring Symposium},
      PAGES = {22-28},
      EDITOR = {Hull, David and Oard, Doug},
      ADDRESS = {Menlo Park},
      PUBLISHER = {AAAI Press},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-aaai97.ps.gz ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-aaai97.entry},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1997:MMIc.pdf Erbach:1997:MMIc.ps}
}
237 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach_et_al:1997_3,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and Neumann, Günter and Uszkoreit, Hans},
      TITLE = {MULINEX: Design and Evaluation of a Psychological Experiment on the Effectiveness of Document Summarisation for the Retrieval of Multilingual WWW Documents},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the AAAI Spring Symposium Intelligent Text Summarisation''},
      SERIES = {Cross-Language Text and Speech Retrieval},
      ADDRESS = {Stanford},
      PUBLISHER = {AAAI Press},
      URL = {ftp://lt-ftp.dfki.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/local/mulinex-aaai98.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Since for the foreseeable future, retrieval will be an interactive task of the user looking through lists of potentially relevant documents, adequate support through various types of information is very important. A psychological experiment was conducted to examine the extent to which different types of automatically generated summaries aid retrieval and systematically evaluate user needs and behaviour in the area of cross-language retrieval for the WWW.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1997:MDE.pdf Erbach:1997:MDE.ps}
}
238 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erbach_et_al:1995_1,
      AUTHOR = {Erbach, Gregor and van der Kraan, Mark and Manandhar, Suresh and Ruessink, Herbert and Thiersch, Craig and Skut, Wojciech},
      TITLE = {Extending Unification Formalisms},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 2nd Language Engineering Convention, October 16-18},
      ADDRESS = {London, UK},
      ABSTRACT = {This paper describes some of the results of the project LRE-61-061: The Reusability of Grammatical Resources. The aim of the project is to extend unification formalisms with notational devices and constraint solvers in order to facilitate the development of reusable grammars. Work covers both the theoretical description of the extensions as well as the practical implementation. The project took the Advanced Linguistic Engineering Platform (ALEP) as its starting point. ALEP was designed to allow for two levels of extension: additional syntactic expressions syntactic sugar and external specialised constraint solvers. The syntactic additions to ALEP comprise LFG coherence and completeness and an extended notation for phrase-structure rules. The project has developed solvers for set constraints and set operations, linear precedence constraints and for implicational or guarded constraints.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erbach:1995:EUFa.pdf}
}
239 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erk:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Erk, Katrin},
      TITLE = {Simulating Boolean Circuits by Finite Splicing},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC '99), July 16-19},
      PAGES = {1279-1285},
      ADDRESS = {La Jolla Marriott, San Diego, USA},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/ErkBoolCirc99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {As a computational model to be simulated in a DNA computing context, Boolean circuits are especially interesting because of their parallelism. Simulations in concrete biochemical computing settings have been given by [Ogihara/Ray 96] and [Amos/Dunne97]. In this paper, we show how to simulate Boolean circuits by finite splicing systems, an abstract model of enzymatic recombination. We argue that using an abstract model of DNA computation as a basis leads to simulations of greater clarity and generality. In our construction, the running time of the simulating system is proportional to the depth, and the use of material is proportional to the size of the Boolean circuit simulated. However, the rules of the simulating splicing system depend on the size of the Boolean circuit, but not on the connectives used.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erk:1999:SBC.pdf Erk:1999:SBC.ps}
}
240 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erk:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Erk, Katrin},
      TITLE = {Die Verarbeitung von Parallelismus-Constraints},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {Informatik 2000 - 30. Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft für Informatik, 19.-22. September},
      EDITOR = {Mehlhorn, Kurt and Snelting, G.},
      SERIES = {Informatik Aktuell},
      ADDRESS = {Berlin, Germany},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/GI00.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Parallelismus-Constraints sind partielle Beschreibungen von Bäumen. Wir verwenden sie als Repräsentationsformalismus in der unterspezifizierten natürlichsprachlichen Semantik. Parallelismus-Constraints sind gleichmächtig wie Kontext-Unifikation, deren Entscheidbarkeit ein bekanntes offenes Problem ist. Dieser Text beschreibt ein Semi-Entscheidungs-Verfahren für Parallelismus-Constraints und eine erste Implementierung. Anders als alle bekannten Verfahren für Kontext-Unifikation terminiert diese Prozedur für Dominanz-Constraints, eine für die linguistische Anwendung wichtige Teilklasse.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erk:2000:VPC.pdf Erk:2000:VPC.ps}
}
241 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erk_Koller:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Erk, Katrin and Koller, Alexander},
      TITLE = {VP Ellipsis by Tree Surgery},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 13th Amsterdam Colloquium, December 17-19},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/jigsaw.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We present jigsaw parallelism constraints, a flexible formal tool for replacing parts of trees with other trees. Jigsaw constraints extend the Constraint Language for Lambda Structures, a language used in underspecified semantics to declaratively describe scope, ellipsis, and their interaction, and can be used to improve the coverage of ellipses represented by CLLS.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erk:2001:VET.pdf Erk:2001:VET.ps}
}
242 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erk_Kruijff:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Erk, Katrin and Kruijff, Geert-Jan M.},
      TITLE = {A Constraint-Programming Approach to Parsing with Resource-Sensitive Categorial Grammar},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Natural Language Understanding and Logic Programming (NLULP'02), July 28},
      EDITOR = {Wintner, Shuly},
      ADDRESS = {Copenhagen, Denmark},
      PUBLISHER = {Computer Science Department, Roskilde University},
      URL = {http://www.cs.haifa.ac.il/~shuly/nlulp02/papers/ErkKruijff.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {Parsing with resource-sensitive categorial grammars (up to the Lambek-Van Benthem calculus LP) is an NP-complete problem. The traditional approach to parsing with such grammars is based on generate & test and cannot avoid this high worst-case complexity. This paper proposes an alternative approach, based on constraint programming: Given a grammar, constraints formulated on an abstract interpretation of the grammar's logical structure are used to prune the search space during parsing. The approach is provably sound and complete, and reduces the search space in steps that are mostly linear or low-polynomial.},
      ANNOTE = {Erk:2002:CPA}
}
243 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Erk_Niehren:2000,
      AUTHOR = {Erk, Katrin and Niehren, Joachim},
      TITLE = {Parallelism Constraints},
      YEAR = {2000},
      BOOKTITLE = {11th International Conference on Rewriting Techniques and Applications (RTA '00), July 10-12},
      EDITOR = {Bachmair, L.},
      SERIES = {LNCS},
      ADDRESS = {University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK},
      PUBLISHER = {Springer},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.ps.uni-sb.de/pub/papers/ProgrammingSysLab/parallelism.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {Parallelism constraints are logical desciptions of trees. They are as expressive as context unification, i.e. second-order linear unification. We present a semi-decision procedure enumerating all most general unifiers of a parallelism constraint and prove it sound and complete. In contrast to all known procedures for context unification, the presented procedure terminates for the important fragment of dominance constraints and performs reasonably well in a recent application to underspecified natural language semantics.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Erk:2000:PC.ps}
}
244 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Fiedler_Gabsdil:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Fiedler, Armin and Gabsdil, Malte},
      TITLE = {Supporting Progressive Refinement of Wizard-of-Oz Experiments},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {6th International Conference on Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITS '02). Workshop on Empirical Methods for Tutorial Dialogue, June 4},
      PAGES = {62-69},
      EDITOR = {Rose, Carolyn Penstein and Aleven, Vincent},
      ADDRESS = {San Sebastian, Spain},
      URL = {http://www.ags.uni-sb.de/~afiedler/pubs/papers/its-02-ws.ps.gz http://www.ags.uni-sb.de/~afiedler/pubs/papers/its-02-ws.pdf http://www.ags.uni-sb.de/~afiedler/pubs/papers/its-02-ws.bib},
      ABSTRACT = {We present the architecture of DiaWoZ, a system supporting the design and execution of Wizard-of-Oz experiments to collect data from tutorial dialogues. The architecture is highly modular and allows for the progressive refinement of the experiments by both designing increasingly sophisticated dialogues and successively replacing simulated components of the tutoring system by actual implementations. The dialogues to be examined are specified in a language that combines finite-state approaches with information states, thereby allowing for great flexibility. Therefore, the architecture should also be appropriate for examining dialogues in general.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Fiedler:2002:SPR.pdf Fiedler:2002:SPR.ps}
}
245 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Finkler_Neumann:1989,
      AUTHOR = {Finkler, Wolfgang and Neumann, Günter},
      TITLE = {POPEL-HOW: A Distributed Parallel Model for Incremental Natural Language Production with Feedback},
      YEAR = {1989},
      BOOKTITLE = {11th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI '89), August},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {1518-1523},
      EDITOR = {Sridharan, N. S.},
      ADDRESS = {Detroit, Michigan, USA},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers}
}
246 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Fliedner:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Fliedner, Gerhard},
      TITLE = {A System for Checking NP Agreement in German Texts},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 40th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL'02), July 6-12. Companion Volume of the Conference Proceedings. Proceedings of the Student Workshop, Demonstration Abstracts and Tutorial Abstracts},
      PAGES = {12-17},
      ADDRESS = {University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia},
      URL = {http://acl.ldc.upenn.edu/acl2002/STUDENT/pdfs/Student887.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {In this paper, we describe the design, implementation, and evalutation of a system for checking NP agreement in German texts. We use shallow parsing based on finite state automata in combination with constraint relaxation and a method for parse ranking based on optimality theory. The system's grammar was developed and tested over a reference corpus of about 800,000 words to ensure robustness and broad coverage. When evaluated against a corpus of approximately 200,000 words, the system reached recall and precision values around the 67,\% mark.}
}
247 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Frank:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Frank, Anette},
      TITLE = {Treebank Conversion. Converting the NEGRA Treebank to an LTAG Grammar},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the Workshop on Multi-layer Corpus-based Analysis. Workshop held as part of the EUROLAN 2001 Summer Institute on Creation and Exploitation of Annotated Language Resources, July 30 - August 11},
      ADDRESS = {Iasi, Romania},
      URL = {http://www.dfki.de/~frank/papers/tbc-eurolan01.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We present a method for rule-based structure conversion of existing treebanks, which aims at the extraction of linguistically sound, corpus-based grammars in a specific grammatical framework. We apply this method to the NEGRA treebank to derive an LTAG grammar of German. We describe the methodology and tools for structure conversion and LTAG extraction. The conversion and grammar extraction process imports linguistic generalisations that are missing the in original treebank. This supports the extraction of a linguistically sound grammar with maximal generalisation, as well as grammar induction techniques to capture unseen data in stochastic parsing. We further illustrate the flexibility of our conversion method by deriving an alternative representation in terms of topological field marking from the NEGRA treebank, which can be used as input for stochastic topological parsing approaches. On a broader perspective our approach contributes to a better understanding on where corpuslinguistics and theoretical linguistics can meet and enrich each other.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Frank:2001:TCC.pdf}
}
248 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Frank:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Frank, Anette},
      TITLE = {A (Discourse) Functional Analysis of Asymmetric Coordination},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 7th International Lexical Functional Grammar Conference (LFG'02), July 3-5},
      ADDRESS = {Athens, Greece},
      ABSTRACT = {A long-standing puzzle in coordination is the so-called SGF-coordination (Subject Gap in Finite/Fronted constructions) in German (1), first discussed b y (Hoehle 1983). Its syntactic analysis is challenging, since the subject (Jaeger, man) is realised in the middle field in the left conjunct, and is thus - under standard analyses of constituent coordination - not accessible from within the second conjunct, which is missing a subject (hence subject gap). (1) a. In den Wald ging der Jaeger und fing einen Hasen. Into the forest went the hunter and caught a rabbit The hunter went into the forest and caught a rabbit (1) b. Nimmt man den Deckel ab und ruehrt die Fuellung um, steigen Daempfe auf. Takes one the cover off and stirrs the stuffing, steam rises. If one takes the cover off and stirrs the stuffing, steam will rise. SGF constructions have been analysed in terms of asymmetrically embedded conjuncts (Wunderlich 1988, Hoehle 1990, Heycock and Kroch 1993, Buering und Hartmann 1998) or symmetric conjuncts (Steedman 1990, Kathol 1995,1999). Asymmetric embedding is problematic as it involves extraction asymmetries, or a doubtful analysis of coordination as adjunction. Symmetric analyses assume special licensing conditions which are not independently motivated. Especially the word order conditions of Kathol's analysis lack any independent syntactic motivation, and fail to account for related asymmetric coordinations of verb-last and verb-fronted (VL/VF) sentences (2). (2) Wenn Du in ein Kaufhaus kommst und (Du) hast kein Geld, kannst Du nichts kaufen. if you in a shop come and you have no money can you nothing buy If you enter a shop and (you) don't have any money, you can't buy anything. We present a multi-factorial LFG analysis of asymmetric constructions (1) and (2), which relies on independently motivated principles of the correspondences between c-structure, f-structure, and i-structure (information structure). SGF coordination is analysed as symmetric coordination in c-structure. Binding of the (prima facie) inaccessible subject of the first conjunct is enabled, at the level of f-structure, by asymmetric projection of a grammaticalised discourse function GDF, a topic or subject function (Bresnan, 2001). Asymmetric GDF projection is motivated by relating the semantic and discourse-functional properties of asymmetric coordination to well-known discourse subordination effects of modal subordination. In conjunction with word order constraints in the optimality model of (Choi 1999, 2001), our analysis explains some mysterious word order constraints as well as some puzzling scoping properties.},
      NOTE = {in October}
}
249 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Frank_van Genabith:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Frank, Anette and van Genabith, Josef},
      TITLE = {LL-based Semantics for LTAG - and what it teaches us about LFG and LTAG},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {Proceedings of the 6th International Lexical Functional Grammar Conference (LFG'01), June 25-27},
      EDITOR = {Butt, Miriam and Holloway King, Tracy},
      ADDRESS = {Hong Kong},
      PUBLISHER = {CSLI Online Publications},
      URL = {http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/LFG/6/lfg01frankgenabith.pdf},
      ABSTRACT = {We review existing appoaches to semantics construction in LTAG (Lexicalised Tree Adjoining Grammar) based on the notion of derivation (tree)s. We argue that derivation structures in LTAG are not appropriate to guide semantic composition, due to a non-isomorphism, in LTAG between the syntactic operation of adjunction on the one hand, and the semantic operations of complementation and modifcation, on the other. Linear Logic based glue semantics, as developed within the LFG framework (cf. Dalrymple (1999)), allows for flexible coupling of syntactic and semantic structure. We investigate application of glue semantics to LTAG syntax, using as underlying structure the derived tree, which is more appropriate for principle-based semantics construction. We show how Linear Logic based semantics construction helps to bridge the non-isomorphism between syntactic and semantic operations in LTAG. The glue approach captures non-tree local dependencies in control and modifcation structures, and extends to the treatment of scope ambiguity with quantified NPs and VP modifers. Finally, glue semantics applies successfully to the adjunction-based analysis of long-distance dependencies in LTAG, which differs signifcantly from the f-structure based analysis in LFG.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Frank:2001:LBS.pdf}
}
250 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gabsdil_et_al:2001,
      AUTHOR = {Gabsdil, Malte and Koller, Alexander and Striegnitz, Kristina},
      TITLE = {Building a Text Adventure on Description Logic},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {KI-2001 Workshop on Applications of Description Logics, September 18},
      VOLUME = {44},
      EDITOR = {Görz, Günther and Haarslev, V. and Lutz, C. and Möller, R.},
      ADDRESS = {Vienna, Austria},
      PUBLISHER = {CEUR Workshop Proceedings},
      URL = {http://sunsite.informatik.rwth-aachen.de/Publications/CEUR-WS/Vol-44/Gabsdil-et-al.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe an engine for a computer game which employs techniques from computational linguistics and theorem proving based on description logic. We show how we represent a world model as a DL knowledge base and then illustrate how we use it in the computational linguistics modules with the examples of analyzing and generating referring expressions.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gabsdil:2001:BTA.pdf Gabsdil:2001:BTA.ps}
}
251 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gabsdil_et_al:2001_1,
      AUTHOR = {Gabsdil, Malte and Koller, Alexander and Striegnitz, Kristina},
      TITLE = {Playing with Description Logic},
      YEAR = {2001},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd Workshop on Methods for Modalities (M4M). Application Description, November 29-30},
      ADDRESS = {University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~kris/papers/m4m2.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe an engine for a computer game which has at its core a description logic knowledge base and employs techniques from computational linguistics for its natural language user interface. We show how we represent the state of the game as a DL knowledge base, how we model changes in the world, and how the computational linguistics modules access the knowledge base to analyze the input wrt. the context and produce contextually appropriate output.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gabsdil:2001:PDL.pdf Gabsdil:2001:PDL.ps}
}
252 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gabsdil_et_al:2002,
      AUTHOR = {Gabsdil, Malte and Koller, Alexander and Striegnitz, Kristina},
      TITLE = {Natural Language and Inference in a Computer Game},
      YEAR = {2002},
      BOOKTITLE = {19th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '02), August 24 - September 1},
      ADDRESS = {Taipei, Taiwan},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~koller/papers/game-nl.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We present an engine for text adventures -- computer games with which the player interacts using natural language. The system employs current methods from computational linguistics and an efficient inference system for description logic to make the interaction more natural. The inference system is especially useful in the linguistic modules dealing with reference resolution and generation and we show how we use it to rank different readings in the case of referential and syntactic ambiguities. It turns out that the player's utterances are naturally restricted in the game scenario, which simplifies the language processing task.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gabsdil:2002:NLI.pdf Gabsdil:2002:NLI.ps}
}
253 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gabsdil_Striegnitz:1999,
      AUTHOR = {Gabsdil, Malte and Striegnitz, Kristina},
      TITLE = {Classifying Scope Ambiguities},
      YEAR = {1999},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st Workshop on Inference in Computational Semantics (ICoS-1), August 15},
      PAGES = {125-131},
      EDITOR = {Monz, Christof and de Rijke, Maarten},
      ADDRESS = {Amsterdam, The Netherlands},
      URL = {http://www.coli.uni-sb.de/~kris/papers/icos99.ps.gz},
      ABSTRACT = {We describe the architecture and implementation of a system which compares semantic representations of natural language input w.r.t. equivalence of logical content and context change potential. Giving a clear graphical representation of the relationship between different readings, the stand-alone version of the system can be used as a classroom tool. Furthermore the core system can be incorporated into other discourse processing systems (e.g. Johan Bos' DORIS system (Bos 1998) where one might want to ignore logically equivalent readings in order to keep the number of readings small and thus improve efficiency. The system relies heavily on existing implementations and code available via the internet. These are integrated and put to the desired use by a Prolog interface. By illustrating the architecture of this system, we want to argue that it is possible to build rather complex systems involving multiple levels of linguistic processing without having to spend an unreasonably large amount of time on the implementation of basic functionalities.},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gabsdil:1999:CSA.pdf Gabsdil:1999:CSA.ps}
}
254 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck:1992,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Lexical Acquisition: the Swedish VEX System},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {Papers from the 3rd Nordic Conference on Text Comprehension in Man and Machine},
      PAGES = {59-70},
      ADDRESS = {Linköping, Sweden},
      URL = {ftp://ftp.sics.se/pub/SICS-reports/Reports/SICS-R--92-12--SE.ps.Z}
}
255 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck:1992_2,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Developer Oriented NL-System Evaluation: Two Experiments},
      YEAR = {1992},
      BOOKTITLE = {Record of the Workshop on the Strategic Rule of Evaluation in Natural Language Processing and Speech Technology},
      PAGES = {109-116},
      ADDRESS = {Edinburgh, Scotland},
      URL = {http://www.sics.se/~gamback/publications/evaluation.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gamback:1992:DON.pdf Gamback:1992:DON.ps}
}
256 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck:1993,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {On Implementing Swedish Tense and Aspect},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st Nordic Doctoral Symposium on Computational Linguistics, March},
      PAGES = {145-146},
      ADDRESS = {Copenhagen, Denmark}
}
257 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck:1993_1,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {On Implementing Swedish Tense and Aspect},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {9th Scandinavian Conference on Computational Linguistics},
      PAGES = {97-109},
      EDITOR = {Eklund, R.},
      ADDRESS = {Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden},
      URL = {www.sics.se/humle/papers/nodalida93_ta_full.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gamback:1993:ISTb.pdf Gamback:1993:ISTb.ps}
}
258 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck:1993_2,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Towards a Uniform Treatment of Swedish Verb Syntax and Semantics},
      YEAR = {1993},
      BOOKTITLE = {14th Scandinavian Conference of Linguistics and the 8th Conference of Nordic and General Linguistics, August},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {123-134},
      ADDRESS = {Göteborg University, Gothenburg, Sweden},
      URL = {http://www.sics.se/~gamback/publications/scl93.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gamback:1993:TUT.pdf Gamback:1993:TUT.ps}
}
259 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn},
      TITLE = {Swedish Language Processing in the Spoken Language Translator},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {10th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics, May 30-31},
      PAGES = {37-49},
      EDITOR = {Koskenniemi, Kimmo},
      ADDRESS = {Helsinki, Finland},
      PUBLISHER = {Department of General Linguistics, University of Helsinki},
      URL = {www.sics.se/humle/papers/nodalida95_slt.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gamback:1995:SLP.pdf Gamback:1995:SLP.ps}
}
260 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck_et_al:1991,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn and Alshawi, Hiyan and Carter, David M. and Rayner, Manny},
      TITLE = {Measuring Compositionality of Transfer},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {Evaluators' Forum, April 21-24},
      PAGES = {181-184},
      EDITOR = {Falkedal, Kirsten},
      ADDRESS = {Les Rasses, Switzerland},
      PUBLISHER = {ISSCO Publications}
}
261 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck_et_al:1991_1,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn and Alshawi, Hiyan and Carter, David M. and Rayner, Manny},
      TITLE = {Measuring Compositionality in Transfer-Based Machine Translation Systems},
      YEAR = {1991},
      BOOKTITLE = {Natural Language Processing Systems Evaluation Workshop, June},
      NUMBER = {RL-TR-91-362},
      PAGES = {141-145},
      EDITOR = {Neal, J. G. and Walter, Stefan},
      SERIES = {Technical Report},
      ADDRESS = {University of California, Berkeley, California},
      PUBLISHER = {ACL},
      URL = {http://www.sics.se/~gamback/publications/nlp_eval91.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gamback:1991:MCTa.pdf Gamback:1991:MCTa.ps}
}
262 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck_et_al:1995,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn and Eineborg, Martin and Eriksson, Michael and Ekholm, Barbro and Lyberg, Bertil and Svensson, Tomas},
      TITLE = {A Language Interface to a Polyphone-Based Speech Synthesizer},
      YEAR = {1995},
      BOOKTITLE = {4th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, September},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {1219-1222},
      ADDRESS = {Madrid, Spain},
      URL = {http://www.sics.se/~gamback/publications/eurospeech95.ps},
      ANNOTE = {COLIURL : Gamback:1995:LIP.pdf Gamback:1995:LIP.ps}
}
263 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck_Rayner:1990,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn and Rayner, Manny},
      TITLE = {A Micro-World for Reasoning about Communicating Agents},
      YEAR = {1990},
      BOOKTITLE = {9th Annual Workshop and Meeting of the Swedish Artificial Intelligence Society, April},
      PAGES = {35-39},
      ADDRESS = {Stockholm, Sweden}
}
264 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gambäck_et_al:1990,
      AUTHOR = {Gambäck, Björn and Rayner, Manny and Pell, Barney},
      TITLE = {Heuristic Programming in Artificial Intelligence},
      YEAR = {1990},
      BOOKTITLE = {2nd London Conference on Computer Games},
      PAGES = {87-107},
      EDITOR = {Levy, D. N. L. and Beal, D. F.},
      ADDRESS = {London, England},
      PUBLISHER = {Ellis Horwood}
}
265 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gardent:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Gardent, Claire},
      TITLE = {Ellipses, Pronouns and Parallelism},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {1st International Conference on Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics (LACL '96), April 23-25},
      ADDRESS = {Nancy, France}
}
266 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gardent_Dorrepaal:1994,
      AUTHOR = {Gardent, Claire and Dorrepaal, Joke},
      TITLE = {Reversible Discourse Processing},
      YEAR = {1994},
      BOOKTITLE = {International Workshop on Computational Semantics (IWCS-1), December 19-21},
      ADDRESS = {Tilburg, The Netherlands}
}
267 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gardent_Kohlhase:1996,
      AUTHOR = {Gardent, Claire and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {Higher-Order Coloured Unification and Natural Language Semantics},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, June 24-27},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Santa Cruz, California, USA}
}
268 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gardent_Kohlhase:1996_1,
      AUTHOR = {Gardent, Claire and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {Focus and Higher-Order Unification},
      YEAR = {1996},
      BOOKTITLE = {16th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING '96), August 5-9},
      VOLUME = {1},
      PAGES = {430-435},
      EDITOR = {ACL},
      ADDRESS = {Copenhagen, Denmark}
}
269 Add to my selection
@InProceedings{Gardent_Kohlhase:1997,
      AUTHOR = {Gardent, Claire and Kohlhase, Michael},
      TITLE = {Computing Parallelism in Discourse},
      YEAR = {1997},
      BOOKTITLE = {15th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence (IJCAI '97), August 23-29},
      VOLUME = {2},
      PAGES = {1016-1021},
      ADDRESS = {Nagoya, Japan},
      PUBLISHER = {Morgan Kaufmann Publishers},
      ABSTRACT = {Although much has been said about parallelism in discourse, a formal, computational theory of parallelism structure is still outstanding. In this paper, we present a theory which given two parallel utterances predicts which are the parallel elements. The theory consists of a sorted, higher-order abductive calculus and we show that it reconciles the insights of discourse theories of parallelism with those of Higher-Order Uni