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      AUTHOR = {Oliva, Karel},
      TITLE = {On Cases of Fixed Word Order in a Free Word Order Language},
      YEAR = {1991},
      MONTH = {November},
      NUMBER = {14},
      ADDRESS = {Saarbrücken},
      TYPE = {CLAUS-Report},
      INSTITUTION = {Universität des Saarlandes},
      ABSTRACT = {The main stress of this paper will be put on description and explanation of certain phenomena concerning the crossing dependencies (non-projective constructions), but some more general implications of the proposals contained will be mentioned as well. To this end, two recent approaches to the problem will be reviewed and compared, which comparison creates actually the very core of the paper. The first of the appraches to description of crossing dependencies is presented in the paper On Head Non-Movement by Pollard. This approach tries to implant the crossing into the (syntactic) structure. To achieve this goal, it uses means resulting in changing the intuitive subcategorization requirements of words and phrases involved - actually a non-transformational analog of raising. The second approach, put forward in the paper by Reape A Theory of Word Order And Discontinuous Constituency in West Continental Germanic, keeps the immediate dominance relations (expressing subcategorization, among other) intact, and aims at describing the crossing phenomena by means of non-concatenative phonology. Unsurprisingly, it can be shown that, in the general case, neither of them is to be considered satisfactory alone, and that only a reasonable combination of the two can be hoped to cover the full range of data. Nevertheless, one of the approaches will be shown to be superior to the other as to description of their syntactically interesting part. Later some refinements and changes of this approach will be proposed (together with their motivations), with the aim of making the theory fit better the empirical data. The sketched approach is illustrated on certain constructions from German and Czech.}
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