negra corpus

List of the phrasal categories used in the NEGRA project

AA superlative phrase with "am" CVZ coordinated zu-marked infinitive
AP adjektive phrase DL discourse level constituent
AVP adverbial phrase ISU idiosyncratis unit
CAC coordinated adposition MPN multi-word proper noun
CAP coordinated adjektive phrase MTA multi-token adjective
CAVP coordinated adverbial phrase NM multi-token number
CCP coordinated complementiser NP noun phrase
CH chunk PP adpositional phrase
CNP coordinated noun phrase QL quasi-languag
CO coordination S sentence
CPP coordinated adpositional phrase VP verb phrase (non-finite)
CS coordinated sentence VZ zu-marked infinitive
CVP coordinated verb phrase (non-finite)

AA superlative phrase with "am"auf/up

Karl lachte [am lautesten]

der [AP: [AA: am lautesten] lachende] Mann


AP adjective phrase auf/up

An adjective (ADJA, ADJD, MTA, also CARD) + its dependents.

Examples:

das [vom Repertoir her unerschrockene] Ensemble

die [an sich netten] Melodien

Peter ist [an sich ganz nett]

also:


AVP adverbial phraseauf/up

phrase headed by an adverb:

Examples:

[AVP: gar nicht]

[AVP: so ] wichtig

[AVP: dass...]


CAC coordinated adpositions (prepositions or postpositions, APPR, APZR, APPO)auf/up

Example:

die Zuege [von und nach] Hamburg

CAP coordinated adjektive phraseauf/up

The conjuncts are APs, CAPs and adjectives (ADJA, ADJD, CARD).

Example:

die [CAP: alten und neuen] Ideen


CAVP coordinated adverbial phraseauf/up

Coordination of AVPs, CAVPs and adverbs (ADV).

Examples:

[CAVP: [ADV: nur heute] oder nie]

[CAVP: heute und morgen]


CCP coordinated complementiserauf/up

Example:

[ob und wann] er kommt


CH chunkauf/up


CNP coordinated noun phraseauf/up

Possible conjuncts: NPs, NNs, NEs, MPNs.

Examples:

[CNP: [NP: ein Mann] und [NP: eine Frau]]

[CNP: Peter und [NP: sein Onkel]]

[NP: die [CNP: Jungen und Maedchen]]


CO coordinationauf/up

coordination of different categories (S+NP, NP+PP, etc.).

Examples:

[CO: [NP: jeden Tag] oder [PP: zumindest am kommenden Freitag]]


CPP coordinated adpositional phraseauf/up

Coordination of PPs and prepositional adverbs (PP+PP, PP+PROAV,...)

Examples:

[CPP: [in der Stadt] und [auf dem Lande]]

[CPP: [fuer die Reformen] oder dagegen]


CS coordinated sentenceauf/up

Coordination of sentences (or sentence chunks):

Examples:

[CS: [S: Peter kommt] und [S: Paul geht]]

[CS: [S: Er kam], sah und siegte]


CVP coordinated verb phrase (non-finite)auf/up

Coordination of (possibly incomplete) non-finite VPs:

Examples:

Er wollte [CVP: [VP: Peter besuchen] und [VP: Hans anrufen]]

Er wollte [CVP: [VP: uns besuchen] oder anrufen]


CVZ coordinated zu-marked infinitiveauf/up

Examples:

[[zu vergessen] und [zu vergeben]]

[einzusteigen und [zu bleiben]]


DL discourse level constituentauf/up

A discourse unit without explicit syntactic dependencies between its components:

Example:

[ ["Lass mich in Ruhe!"] [aergerte sich Peter] ]


ISU idiosyncratic unitauf/up


MPN multi-word proper nounauf/up

Name consisting of several words (1st name+family name, etc.).

Examples:

[Karl Schulz]

[Bad Muenstereifel]


MTA multi-token adjectiveauf/up

Adjective related to a multi-token proper noun:

Example:

die [MTA: Bad Godesberger] Buerger


NM multi-token number auf/up

Example:

[NP: [NM: eine Million] Menschen]

[NP: [NM: 10 000] Menschen]


NP noun phrase auf/up

Head noun + its modifiers, complements, determiners.

Example:

[NP: der Mann]

[NP: der alte Mann]

[NP: der Mann [PP: aus Hamburg]]


PP adpositional phraseauf/up

Basically, an NP containing a pre- post- or circumposition.
Note that there is no embedded NP in the P, so: [PP: in der Stadt], and NOT [PP: in [NP: der Stadt]]

Example:

[PP: in der Stadt]

[PP: meiner Meinung nach]

[PP: um die Stadt herum]

PP is also the category of correlative constructions of the form: PROAV + VP/S

[PP: dagegen, [dass er kommt]]


QL quasi-languageauf/up


S sentenceauf/up

In most cases, a finite verb + its dependents:

Example:

Hans liebt Maria.

The verb can be missing in elliptic constructions:

Example:

[S: Gut, [S: dass du kommst]]


VP verb phrase (non-finite)auf/up

Basically, a non-finite verb form (past participle, infinitive) with its dependents:

Peter will [VP: uns besuchen]


VZ zu-marked infinitiveauf/up

(only if "zu" is written as a separate word)

Example:

Er versucht, uns [VZ: zu taeuschen]

But:

Er versucht, wegzufahren=PROAV

zurück/backheim/homevowärts/forward