Computational Linguistics & Phonetics Computational Linguistics & Phonetics Fachrichtung 4.7 Universität des Saarlandes

Syntactic Theory

Vorlesung mit ‹bung: Computerlinguistik, M.Sc.

Leitung: Tania Avgustinova, Clayton Greenberg
Ort: Geb. C 7.2 Seminarraum 1.12
Zeit: V: Fri 10-12 / ‹: Thu 14-16
Beginn: ab 04.11.2016
Geeignet für: M.Sc.

This course addresses characteristic properties of different grammar models and covers fundamental concepts in syntactic analysis such as syntactic categories, syntactic functions, constituent structure, dependency structure, the syntax-semantics interface, and phenomena such as anaphoric binding and long-distance dependencies. The emphasis is on formally precise encoding of linguistic hypotheses and the design of grammars that can scale up to ever larger fragments of a language such as is required in practical applications. Problem sets will also introduce data and phenomena from other languages. The following topics will be discussed:

  • A global overview of syntactic theory, and the Chomskyan tradition
  • Dependency Grammars
  • Tree Adjoining Grammar (TAG)
  • Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG)
  • Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG)

Zur Homepage des Kurses

Literatur

Introductory reading on Chomskyan tradition

  • Carnie, Andrew (2001). Syntax. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
  • Haegeman, Liliane (1991). Introduction to Government and Binding Theory. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
  • Ouhalla, Jamal (1994). Introducing Transformational Grammar. New York: Oxford University Press.
Recommended Reading on Dependency Grammars:
  • Hudson, Richard (2002). Introduction to Word Grammar
  • Kahane, Sylvain (2003). Meaning Text Theory. Dependency and Valency. Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Sciences 25. 1-2. Berlin/NY: De Gruyter. 32p.
References on Tree-Adjoining Grammars:
  • Aravind Joshi and Yves Schabe (1997). Tree-Adjoining Grammars.
  • Anthony Kroch and Aravind Joshi (1985). The Linguistic Relevance of Tree Adoining Grammars.
  • Tonia Bleam, et al (2001). A Lexicalized Tree Adjoining Grammar for English.
Recommended Reading on Lexical-Functional Grammar:
  • Bresnan, Joan (2001). Lexical-Functional Syntax. Blackwell Publishers: Malden, USA/Oxford UK.
  • Dalrymple, Mary, Ron M. Kaplan, John T. Maxwell III and Annie Zaenen (eds). (1995). Formal Issues in Lexical Functional Grammar. CSLI Publications: Palo Alto, USA.
  • Dalrymple, Mary (2001). Lexical Functional Grammar. Academic Press: San Diego, USA/London, UK.
Recommended Reading on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar:
  • Pollard, Carl and Sag, Ivan (1994). Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. University of Chicago Press.
  • Sag, Ivan A., Thomas Wasow, and Emily M. Bender. 2003. Syntactic Theory. 2nd Edition. CSLI Publications.

Bemerkungen/Voraussetzungen
some previous knowledge in grammar formalisms desirable, but not required

Scheine
Written exam: date and time TBA

Stellung im Studienplan
Core course, obligatory for specialization Computational Linguistics;
standard time slot 1st semester. Area L.

Leistungspunkte
6 CP